European Platform

Bewilligungen / Grants 2010

 

Irrationality as dysfunctional option generation

Bewilligung: 24.09.2010  Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Classical approaches to explaining irrational behaviour focus mainly
on the dimesion of choice of given options for actions and the
dimension of motivation and initiation of action. In addition to those
standard approaches this project considers a further relevant
dimension, i. e. the generation of options for action itself, which is
fundamental to the other two options mentioned. By this shift of
perspective on the process of option generation a classical
philosophical problem, namely the conceptualization of irrational
behaviour, becomes the object of an interdisciplinary scrutiny
integration not only philosophy but also the neurosciences, psychology
and psychiatry. The following questions are in the main focus of this
project: How are options for action generated? Where do options for
action come from? This dimension, too, can be useful in explaining
irrational behaviour, qualitatively and quantitatively. For example,
the number of options for action can be to high to make a sensible
choice oder to low. And of course, the quality of options for actions
can lack a critical level of quality inhibiting an appropriate action.
The aim is to come to a new empirically based philosophical
explanation of irrational behaviour.

Universität Zürich
Klinik für Soziale Psychiatrie
und Allgemeinpsychiatrie
Dr. Stefan Kaiser
SCHWEIZ

Utrecht University
Ethiek Instituut
Dr. Annemarie Kalis
NIEDERLANDE

Universität Heidelberg
Psychologisches Institut
Dr. Tanja Sophie Schweizer
Universität Hildesheim
Institut für Psychologie
Prof. Dr. Andreas Mojzisch

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Zürich
Klinik für Soziale Psychiatrie
und Allgemeinpsychiatrie
Dr. Stefan Kaiser
Lenggstr. 31
CH-8032 Zürich
SCHWEIZ
Tel.: +41 44 384 2630
Fax: +41 44 384 2506
Homepage: http://www.puk-west.uzh.ch/aboutus/people/kaiserstefan.html

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Grounding Thoughts in Actions: Interdepencencies between Thoughts and Motor Control (ThinkAct)

Bewilligung: 06.04.2010  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre  1 Monat

The project ThinkAct aims at clarifying the interdependencies between thinking and motor control: Are there specific factors and mechanisms that play a constitutive role in both motor control and action concepts? ThinkAct thereby shall critically explore and prove the thesis of "grounded action cognition" which claims that basic sensorimotor processes provide the foundation for higher-level cognition, and the ability to think about actions in particular. Also the converse relation - the important role of thinking and the ability to perceive actions for basic motor control - will be explored in detail. Furthermore, ThinkAct shall investigate the implications of the notion of grounded action cognition for the architecture of the mind. ThinkAct will investigate this topic by combining philosophical analysis with cognitive neurology and psychology.

Universität Düsseldorf
Philosophisches Institut
Jun.-Prof. Dr. Gottfried Vosgerau

Universität Tübingen
Hertie-Institut für Klinische Hirnforschung
Abt. für Neurodegeneration & Abt. für
Kognitive Neurologie
Dr. Matthis Synofzik

Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions-
und Neurowissenschaften
Standort Leipzig, Leipzig
Junior Research Group
"Body and Self"
Dr. Simone Schütz-Bosbach

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Düsseldorf
Philosophisches Institut
Jun.-Prof. Dr. Gottfried Vosgerau
Universitätsstr. 1
40225 Düsseldorf
Homepage: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/thinkact/

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Being Addressed as You: Conceptual and Empirical Investigations of a Second-Person Approach to Other Minds

Bewilligung: 01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

How we understand other minds remains controversial. This interdisciplinary project at the intersections of psychiatry, cognitive psychology, social neuroscience and philosophy attempts to explore a new and radically different approach to the 'problem' of other minds. The project is based on the assumption that social cognition is fundamentally different when we are actively engaged with others in online interaction, entertaining a second-person perspective, rather than merely observing them from a first- or third-person point of view. By extending the enactive account of cognition to the social domain, the project intends to provide the first comprehensive account of a second-person approach to other minds, based on a constructive engagement of the participating disciplines. The results of these conceptual and empirical investigations are likely to call into question major recent findings related to the problem of others minds and will shape future discussions in the disciplines by providing evidence for an interactive account of consciousness that emphasizes the formative role of participating in the social world.

Universität Köln
Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie
und Psychotherapie
Dr. Leonhard Schilbach

Universität Tübingen
Centre for Integrative Neuroscience
Dr. Tobias Schlicht

Universität Köln
Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie
und Psychotherapie
Bert Timmermans

Universität Zürich
Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research
Dr. Nikolaus Steinbeis
SCHWEIZ

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Köln
Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie
und Psychotherapie
Dr. Leonhard Schilbach
Kerpener Straße 62
50924 Köln
Fax: 0221 4783738
Homepage: http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/philosophy/socialcognition/Home.html

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Social conformity: why do humans and monkeys make weak decisions under social influence?

Bewilligung: 01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Starting from the hypothesis that the judgements of others have significant influence on behaviour and thinking ("Asch Effect"), this project analyses the mechanisms of social influence on decision making. It is a combination of neuro-physiological, social-psychological and developmental-psychological approaches. It deals with the neuro-physiological mechanisms of decision making under social influence. That is why the planned experiments are conducted with monkeys which allows to observe the neuronal level in the brain. In the focus of the research is the representation and perception of decisions in the brain. In particular, the following research questions will be addressed: (1) Can social influence induce a genuine change in perception? (2) Which specific mechanisms mediate the impact of social influence on decision making? (3) How might the effect of social influence change in children as their brains develop? The results shall have potentially wide implications for social cognition decision making and cultural inheritance.

University of Oxford
Dept. of Physiology,
Anatomy & Genetics
Sherrington Building
Dr. Kristine Krug
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Universität Hildesheim
Institut für Psychologie
Dr. Andreas Mojzisch 

University of London
Institute of Education
Centre for Research in Autism and Education
Dr. Elisabeth Pellicano
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
University of Oxford
Dept. of Physiology,
Anatomy & Genetics
Sherrington Building
Dr. Kristine Krug
Parks Road
Oxford  OX1 3PT
GROSSBRITANNIEN
Tel.: +44 1865 272541
Fax: +44 1865 272543
Homepage: http://www.dpag.ox.ac.uk/academic_staff/kristine_krug/

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Intuition and Emotion in Moral Decision-Making: Empirical Research and Normative Implications

Bewilligung: 01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Neuroscientific and psychological research on moral decision-making over the last decade has increasingly focused on emotion and intuition. The view that moral judgment is based in reason and deliberation has given way to the view that moral judgment is largely shaped by immediate affective responses. This recent research has drawn heavily both on the biology and psychology of emotion and on work in moral philosophy. This interdisciplinary research project on the role of intuition and emotion in moral decision-making will examine these developments both theoretically and empirically. The project has three components reflecting three distinct research perspectives: (1) the history and sociology of science, (2) philosophy and ethics, (3) social psychology.

University of Groningen
Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences
Institute of Psychology
Stephan Schleim
NIEDERLANDE

Universität Köln
Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Abteilung Psychologie
Prof. Dr. Birte Englich

University of Oxford
Faculty of Philosophy
Dr. Guy Kahane
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
University of Groningen
Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences
Institute of Psychology
Stephan Schleim
Grote Kruisstraat 2/1
9712 TS Groningen
NIEDERLANDE
Tel.: +31 50 363 6244
Fax: +31 50 363 6304
Homepage: http://www.rug.nl/staff/s.schleim/index

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Narcissus & Echo: self-consciousness and the inter-subjective body

Bewilligung: 01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The research project analyses subjectivity and intersubjectivity as two moments of one and the same dynamical and mutually connected system in the constitution of self-consciousness and perception of one's own body. In particular, it is assumed that the bodily self is co-constituted by both it's object-hood and subject-hood. In this context, the body is conceived of as an underlying dynamical system and the bearer of actions. The research is focused on the following four bodily dimensions which are all inter-subjectively open: In encountering others, one's body is experienced as (a) objectified and (b) the bearer of intersubjective feelings, (c) an intersubjective agent and (d) the anchor of an intersubjectively negotiated perspective. The central question in this project is how intersubjectivity contributes to the constitution of bodily self-perception. How can you perceive yourself in intersubjective interactions and reflections? This research approach combines conceptual, empirical and clinical approaches to the same question.

Royal Holloway University of London, London
Psychology Dept.
Wolfson Building
Dr. Manos Tsakiris
GROSSBRITANNIEN

CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche
Scientifique, Paris
Centre de Recherche en Epistémologie
Appliquée
Dr. Dorothée Legrand
FRANKREICH

L'Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris
Psychiatrie de l'adolescent
Dr. Mathias Gorog
FRANKREICH

Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions-
und Neurowissenschaften
Standort Leipzig, Leipzig
Junior Research Group
"Body and Self"
Dr. Simone Schütz-Bosbach

Ansprechpartner:
Royal Holloway University of London, London
Psychology Dept.
Wolfson Building
Dr. Manos Tsakiris
Postfach
Egham, Surrey  TW20 0EX
GROSSBRITANNIEN
Tel.: +44 1784 276266
Homepage: http://www.manostsakiris.googlepages.com

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Who is Thinking? Authorship and Control of Thoughts

Bewilligung: 01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

In philosophy, it is generally assumed that the self is the author of it's own thoughts. This position is challenged by the psychopathological phenomenon of thought insertion, one of the symptoms of schizophrenia. This project aims at a systematic investigation of authorship and control of thoughts in the phenomenon of thought insertion in schizophrenia in contrast to related psychiatric disorders of thought processing and thought control such as intrusive thoughts in patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder. It is proposed that the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying these phenomena differ quite substantially, despite their similarities on the phenomenal level. The collected data will form the basis of an empirical theory of authorship and thought control which will be integrated into a philosophical framework of self-consciousness.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
St. Hedwig-Krankenhaus,
Psychiatrische Institutsambulanz
Dr. Martin Voss

Universität Düsseldorf
Philosophisches Institut
Jun.-Prof. Dr. Gottfried Vosgerau

Humboldt-Universität Berlin
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Institut für Psychologie
Dr. Daniela Simon

Ansprechpartner:
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
St. Hedwig-Krankenhaus,
Psychiatrische Institutsambulanz
Dr. Martin Voss
Große Hamburger Str. 5 - 11
10115 Berlin
Tel.: 030 2311 2456
Fax: 030 2311 2790
Homepage: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/thinking/

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Why Love Hurts: The Social Modulation of Pain

Bewilligung:  01.04.2010  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Das Vorhaben wurde am 06.07.2010 vom University College London an das King's College London umgesetzt.

Pain is not only one of the largest health problems in the developed world but also a persistent challenge for philosophy and science. The research project scrutinizes the phenomenon of social modulation and alteration of pain on three different levels: conceptually, psychophysiologically and neuroscientifically. The following questions will be addressed: (1) How does social attachment and empathy influence acute and chronic pain? (2) Which individual and crosscultural traits modulate this influence? (3) Which neurobiological mechanisms underlie such effects? (4) Can psychotherapy alter individual chronic responses to social relating and pain, and if so, by which neural mechanisms? (5) If psychosocial variables and talking therapies significantly influence the functioning of the brain, which mentalistic concepts used in psychology and philosophy are indispensable for a full understanding of the neuropsychology of pain?

King's College London
Institute of Psychiatry
Psychology Department at Guy's
Guy's Campus
Dr. Aikaterini Fotopoulou
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Universität Potsdam
Exzellenzbereich
Kognitionswissenschaften
Professur für Sportpsychologie
Dr. Anne Springer

York University, Toronto
Dept. of Philosophy
S428 Ross Building
Dr. Verena Gottschling
KANADA

Ansprechpartner:
King's College London
Institute of Psychiatry
Psychology Department at Guy's
Guy's Campus
Dr. Aikaterini Fotopoulou
5 th Floor, Bermondsey Wing
London  SE1 9RT
GROSSBRITANNIEN
Tel.: +44 2071 8801 83

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