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ScienceUncut http://www.volkswagenstiftung.de// de-DE Volkswagen Foundation Science Podcast presented by Volkswagen Foundation VolkswagenFoundation Events of the Volkswagen Foundation are aimed at strengthening the bond between science and society at large and generating fresh impetus for the transfer of research results. The podcast channel “Science Uncut” contains selected excerpts from various scientific symposia, workshops and conferences held at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover. Events of the Volkswagen Foundation are aimed at strengthening the bond between science and society at large and generating fresh impetus for the transfer of research results. The podcast channel “Science Uncut” contains selected excerpts from various scientific symposia, workshops and conferences held at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover. Volkswagen Foundation presse@volkswagenstiftung.de no Political Turbulence: How Social Media Turn Political Mobilization Upside Down Helen Margetts, University of Oxford, UK: Political Turbulence: How Social Media Turn Political Mobilization Upside Down Helen Margetts, professor at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, UK, held her talk as one of the keynote speakers at the Herrenhausen Conference "Society through the Lens of the Digital" which took place from May 31 till June 2, 2017, in Hanover. At the conference, the experts discussed how the humanities and social sciences deal with the social challenges of digitization. The introductory words are held by Florian Süssenguth, acatech, Germany. More information The Herrenhausen Conference "Society through the Lens of the Digital" (https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/herrenhaeuser-konferenz-society-through-the-lens-of-the-digital/marginal/5101.html) explored the role of the social sciences and the humanities in a society saturated with debates on the effects of digitization: Parties, NGOs and the public sphere explore ideas of digital democracy. Luminaries of business try to map and unlock the potential of big data and of platform capitalism. Data journalists experiment with modes of describing the world not through linear texts but through algorithms and interactive visualizations while intelligent systems have to learn to navigate the often-ambiguous rules and structures of society. We're lacking scientific approaches to this multiplicity of discourses on digitization, which allow us to adequately explore its implications for research, research policy and the public role of the social sciences and humanities. The Herrenhausen Conference "Society through the Lens of the Digital" aimed to fill this gap. As a forum for debate between scholars and experts from civil society, politics, economy and journalism the conference tackled questions such as: What role should the social sciences and the humanities play in the digitization of society? Which kind of answers are they expected to provide? How can they better fulfil their role as mediators and translators between the conflicting and sometimes even incommensurable perspectives on digital change? The discussion of theoretical, methodological and empirical tools thus was not only aimed at the further development of concepts and theories within the social sciences and humanities. Equally important was the question of how they can help the social sciences and humanities to open up to collaboration with the STEM fields and to help solve the grand challenges of digitization. Herrenhausen Conference "Society through the Lens of the Digital" May 31 - June 2, 2017, Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany Organizers Prof. Dr. Armin Nassehi, University of Munich, Germany, Florian Süssenguth, acatech, Germany, Dr. Cornelius Puschmann, Hans-Bredow-Institute Hamburg, Germany Conference Topics at a Glance - Society through the Lens of the Digital - from Observation to Theory - Radical Democracy or the Liquefication of all Collectivities? - The Political Teleologies of Digital Media - Updating Social Criticism: Digital Capitalism and Digital Labour - Society through the Eyes of Robots, Algorithms and AI - Sources of Knowledge and Uncertainty: Coping with Digital Information Overload in Science and Business - Identity in Times of Algorithms - Quantified Self and Gamification - Observing the Digital World Society within Local Contexts - Observing the World through Hermeneutics or through Algorithms? Data Journalism and Data Visualisation - Implications of Changing Modes of Communication and Participation for Research and Research Policy - Lightning Talks Foto: David Carreno Hansen für VolkswagenStiftung https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20170531_SU_145_SocDig_Margetts.mp3 Wed, 31 May 2017 13:59:00 GMT 49:24 Anforderungen an die Hochschule in der Migrationsgesellschaft. (Audio) Yasemin Karakaşoğlu: "Anforderungen an die Hochschule in der Migrationsgesellschaft" Der Vortrag von Yasemin Karakaşoğlu wurde auf dem Herrenhäuser Symposium "Umbruch durch Migration? Ein Neustart für die Selbstreflexion in Wissenschaft und Demokratie" gehalten, das vom 16.bis 17. März 2017 im Tagungszentrum Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover stattfand. Weitere Informationen und ein Bericht zur Veranstaltung: https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/deutschland-umbruch-durch-migration/marginal/5148.html PROGRAMM Sektion I: Flucht - Asyl - Zuwanderung: Eine historische Herausforderung für Deutschland? Sektion II: Selbstreflexionsraum Wissenschaft Öffentliche Abendveranstaltung: Zuwanderung - Eine Herausforderung für Politik und Gesellschaft in Deutschland (https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/schaffen-wir-das-die-zuwanderung-nach-deutschland/marginal/5205.html) Sektion III: Narrative des Fremden und Eigenen: "Imagined Communities" Sektion IV: Transfer in die Gesellschaft: Modelle guter Praxis aus Schule und Hochschule Sektion V: Eine historisch neue Situation: Perspektiven für Forschung und Lehre Die aktuellen Migrationsbewegungen stellen die deutsche Gesellschaft vor völlig neue Herausforderungen. Die Wissenschaft auch? Ob hier ein Neustart nötig ist, diskutierten Experten vom 16.-17. März 2017 in Hannover. Seit Herbst 2015 sind die verstärkten Flüchtlingsbewegungen nach Europa Thema in der Gesellschaft, in Wissenschaft und Politik. Auch wenn die Zahl der neu ankommenden Asylsuchenden inzwischen gesunken ist, so hat diese jüngste Migration im politischen Gefüge der Europäischen Union, im deutschen Parteiensystem und in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu tiefgreifenden Verwerfungen geführt. Breiter Hilfsbereitschaft stehen Frustration, Wut und offener Hass gegenüber. Mahnungen zur Besonnenheit stoßen auf Aufforderungen zur Konfrontation. In der Bevölkerung breitet sich zunehmende Ratlosigkeit aus, wie sich der Ausbreitung eines radikalen Islamismus einerseits und einer neuen Welle von Nationalismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit wirkungsvoll begegnen lässt. Diese Frage stellte sich auch schon in den frühen 1990er Jahren, als Fremdenfeindlichkeit in offene Gewalt umschlug, die in den Ausschreitungen in Rostock-Lichtenhagen 1992 ihren traurigen Höhepunkt fand. Die VolkswagenStiftung reagierte darauf seinerzeit mit den Förderinitiativen "Das Fremde und das Eigene - Probleme und Möglichkeiten interkulturellen Verstehens" und "Konstruktionen des Fremden und des Eigenen: Prozesse interkultureller Abgrenzung, Vermittlung und Identitätsbildung". Neu ist heute, dass die verstärkte Zuwanderung nach Deutschland und Europa in kürzester Zeit Menschen aus vielen Weltregionen, unterschiedlichen Kulturen, Ethnien und Religionen in Aufnahmeländern mit teils ganz anderen Traditionen, Verfassungen und Rechtssystemen zusammenführt. Das zwingt nicht nur das politische System in Deutschland, sondern auch die Wissenschaft dazu, neue Denkräume zu erschließen. Das Herrenhäuser Symposium will dazu einen Beitrag leisten. Wie kann ein neues Miteinander gestaltet werden? Die Veranstaltung wendete sich an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Gesellschafts- und Kulturwissenschaften ebenso wie an Vertreterinnen und Vertreter zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen und der Politik. Anmoderation: Sibylle Salewski Foto: David Carreno Hansen für VolkswagenStiftung https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20170317_SU_143_Karakasoglou.mp3 Fri, 17 Mar 2017 16:10:00 GMT 29:05 Integration neu denken - Die postmigrantische Perspektive in der Integrationsforschung (Audio) Naika Foroutan: "Integration neu denken - Die postmigrantische Perspektive in der Integrationsforschung" Der Vortrag von Naika Foroutan wurde auf dem Herrenhäuser Symposium "Umbruch durch Migration? Ein Neustart für die Selbstreflexion in Wissenschaft und Demokratie" gehalten, das vom 16.bis 17. März 2017 im Tagungszentrum Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover stattfand. Weitere Informationen und ein Bericht zur Veranstaltung: https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/deutschland-umbruch-durch-migration/marginal/5148.html PROGRAMM Sektion I: Flucht - Asyl - Zuwanderung: Eine historische Herausforderung für Deutschland? Sektion II: Selbstreflexionsraum Wissenschaft Öffentliche Abendveranstaltung: Zuwanderung - Eine Herausforderung für Politik und Gesellschaft in Deutschland (https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/schaffen-wir-das-die-zuwanderung-nach-deutschland/marginal/5205.html) Sektion III: Narrative des Fremden und Eigenen: "Imagined Communities" Sektion IV: Transfer in die Gesellschaft: Modelle guter Praxis aus Schule und Hochschule Sektion V: Eine historisch neue Situation: Perspektiven für Forschung und Lehre Die aktuellen Migrationsbewegungen stellen die deutsche Gesellschaft vor völlig neue Herausforderungen. Die Wissenschaft auch? Ob hier ein Neustart nötig ist, diskutierten Experten vom 16.-17. März 2017 in Hannover. Seit Herbst 2015 sind die verstärkten Flüchtlingsbewegungen nach Europa Thema in der Gesellschaft, in Wissenschaft und Politik. Auch wenn die Zahl der neu ankommenden Asylsuchenden inzwischen gesunken ist, so hat diese jüngste Migration im politischen Gefüge der Europäischen Union, im deutschen Parteiensystem und in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu tiefgreifenden Verwerfungen geführt. Breiter Hilfsbereitschaft stehen Frustration, Wut und offener Hass gegenüber. Mahnungen zur Besonnenheit stoßen auf Aufforderungen zur Konfrontation. In der Bevölkerung breitet sich zunehmende Ratlosigkeit aus, wie sich der Ausbreitung eines radikalen Islamismus einerseits und einer neuen Welle von Nationalismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit wirkungsvoll begegnen lässt. Diese Frage stellte sich auch schon in den frühen 1990er Jahren, als Fremdenfeindlichkeit in offene Gewalt umschlug, die in den Ausschreitungen in Rostock-Lichtenhagen 1992 ihren traurigen Höhepunkt fand. Die VolkswagenStiftung reagierte darauf seinerzeit mit den Förderinitiativen "Das Fremde und das Eigene - Probleme und Möglichkeiten interkulturellen Verstehens" und "Konstruktionen des Fremden und des Eigenen: Prozesse interkultureller Abgrenzung, Vermittlung und Identitätsbildung". Neu ist heute, dass die verstärkte Zuwanderung nach Deutschland und Europa in kürzester Zeit Menschen aus vielen Weltregionen, unterschiedlichen Kulturen, Ethnien und Religionen in Aufnahmeländern mit teils ganz anderen Traditionen, Verfassungen und Rechtssystemen zusammenführt. Das zwingt nicht nur das politische System in Deutschland, sondern auch die Wissenschaft dazu, neue Denkräume zu erschließen. Das Herrenhäuser Symposium will dazu einen Beitrag leisten. Wie kann ein neues Miteinander gestaltet werden? Die Veranstaltung wendete sich an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Gesellschafts- und Kulturwissenschaften ebenso wie an Vertreterinnen und Vertreter zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen und der Politik. Anmoderation: Sibylle Salewski Foto: David Carreno Hansen für VolkswagenStiftung https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20170316_SU_142_Foroutan.mp3 Thu, 16 Mar 2017 16:09:00 GMT 45:21 Gesellschaftliche Vielfalt. Eine Herausforderung im Rahmen des Verfassungsrechts (Audio) Susanne Baer: "Gesellschaftliche Vielfalt. Eine Herausforderung im Rahmen des Verfassungsrechts" Der Vortrag von Susanne Baer wurde auf dem Herrenhäuser Symposium "Umbruch durch Migration? Ein Neustart für die Selbstreflexion in Wissenschaft und Demokratie" gehalten, das vom 16.bis 17. März 2017 im Tagungszentrum Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover stattfand. Weitere Informationen und ein Bericht zur Veranstaltung: https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/deutschland-umbruch-durch-migration/marginal/5148.html PROGRAMM Sektion I: Flucht - Asyl - Zuwanderung: Eine historische Herausforderung für Deutschland? Sektion II: Selbstreflexionsraum Wissenschaft Öffentliche Abendveranstaltung: Zuwanderung - Eine Herausforderung für Politik und Gesellschaft in Deutschland (https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/schaffen-wir-das-die-zuwanderung-nach-deutschland/marginal/5205.html) Sektion III: Narrative des Fremden und Eigenen: "Imagined Communities" Sektion IV: Transfer in die Gesellschaft: Modelle guter Praxis aus Schule und Hochschule Sektion V: Eine historisch neue Situation: Perspektiven für Forschung und Lehre Die aktuellen Migrationsbewegungen stellen die deutsche Gesellschaft vor völlig neue Herausforderungen. Die Wissenschaft auch? Ob hier ein Neustart nötig ist, diskutierten Experten vom 16.-17. März 2017 in Hannover. Seit Herbst 2015 sind die verstärkten Flüchtlingsbewegungen nach Europa Thema in der Gesellschaft, in Wissenschaft und Politik. Auch wenn die Zahl der neu ankommenden Asylsuchenden inzwischen gesunken ist, so hat diese jüngste Migration im politischen Gefüge der Europäischen Union, im deutschen Parteiensystem und in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu tiefgreifenden Verwerfungen geführt. Breiter Hilfsbereitschaft stehen Frustration, Wut und offener Hass gegenüber. Mahnungen zur Besonnenheit stoßen auf Aufforderungen zur Konfrontation. In der Bevölkerung breitet sich zunehmende Ratlosigkeit aus, wie sich der Ausbreitung eines radikalen Islamismus einerseits und einer neuen Welle von Nationalismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit wirkungsvoll begegnen lässt. Diese Frage stellte sich auch schon in den frühen 1990er Jahren, als Fremdenfeindlichkeit in offene Gewalt umschlug, die in den Ausschreitungen in Rostock-Lichtenhagen 1992 ihren traurigen Höhepunkt fand. Die VolkswagenStiftung reagierte darauf seinerzeit mit den Förderinitiativen "Das Fremde und das Eigene - Probleme und Möglichkeiten interkulturellen Verstehens" und "Konstruktionen des Fremden und des Eigenen: Prozesse interkultureller Abgrenzung, Vermittlung und Identitätsbildung". Neu ist heute, dass die verstärkte Zuwanderung nach Deutschland und Europa in kürzester Zeit Menschen aus vielen Weltregionen, unterschiedlichen Kulturen, Ethnien und Religionen in Aufnahmeländern mit teils ganz anderen Traditionen, Verfassungen und Rechtssystemen zusammenführt. Das zwingt nicht nur das politische System in Deutschland, sondern auch die Wissenschaft dazu, neue Denkräume zu erschließen. Das Herrenhäuser Symposium will dazu einen Beitrag leisten. Wie kann ein neues Miteinander gestaltet werden? Die Veranstaltung wendete sich an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Gesellschafts- und Kulturwissenschaften ebenso wie an Vertreterinnen und Vertreter zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen und der Politik. Anmoderation: Sibylle Salewski Foto: David Carreno Hansen für VolkswagenStiftung https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20170316_SU_141_Baer.mp3 Thu, 16 Mar 2017 16:07:00 GMT 35:23 Darum sollt ihr auch die Fremdlinge lieben (Audio) Moshe Zimmermann: "Darum sollt ihr auch die Fremdlinge lieben" Der Vortrag von Moshe Zimmermann wurde auf dem Herrenhäuser Symposium "Umbruch durch Migration? Ein Neustart für die Selbstreflexion in Wissenschaft und Demokratie" gehalten, das vom 16.bis 17. März 2017 im Tagungszentrum Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover stattfand. Weitere Informationen und ein Bericht zur Veranstaltung: https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/deutschland-umbruch-durch-migration/marginal/5148.html PROGRAMM Sektion I: Flucht - Asyl - Zuwanderung: Eine historische Herausforderung für Deutschland? Sektion II: Selbstreflexionsraum Wissenschaft Öffentliche Abendveranstaltung: Zuwanderung - Eine Herausforderung für Politik und Gesellschaft in Deutschland (https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/nc/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsarchiv/detailansicht-veranstaltung/news/detail/artikel/schaffen-wir-das-die-zuwanderung-nach-deutschland/marginal/5205.html) Sektion III: Narrative des Fremden und Eigenen: "Imagined Communities" Sektion IV: Transfer in die Gesellschaft: Modelle guter Praxis aus Schule und Hochschule Sektion V: Eine historisch neue Situation: Perspektiven für Forschung und Lehre Die aktuellen Migrationsbewegungen stellen die deutsche Gesellschaft vor völlig neue Herausforderungen. Die Wissenschaft auch? Ob hier ein Neustart nötig ist, diskutierten Experten vom 16.-17. März 2017 in Hannover. Seit Herbst 2015 sind die verstärkten Flüchtlingsbewegungen nach Europa Thema in der Gesellschaft, in Wissenschaft und Politik. Auch wenn die Zahl der neu ankommenden Asylsuchenden inzwischen gesunken ist, so hat diese jüngste Migration im politischen Gefüge der Europäischen Union, im deutschen Parteiensystem und in der deutschen Gesellschaft zu tiefgreifenden Verwerfungen geführt. Breiter Hilfsbereitschaft stehen Frustration, Wut und offener Hass gegenüber. Mahnungen zur Besonnenheit stoßen auf Aufforderungen zur Konfrontation. In der Bevölkerung breitet sich zunehmende Ratlosigkeit aus, wie sich der Ausbreitung eines radikalen Islamismus einerseits und einer neuen Welle von Nationalismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit wirkungsvoll begegnen lässt. Diese Frage stellte sich auch schon in den frühen 1990er Jahren, als Fremdenfeindlichkeit in offene Gewalt umschlug, die in den Ausschreitungen in Rostock-Lichtenhagen 1992 ihren traurigen Höhepunkt fand. Die VolkswagenStiftung reagierte darauf seinerzeit mit den Förderinitiativen "Das Fremde und das Eigene - Probleme und Möglichkeiten interkulturellen Verstehens" und "Konstruktionen des Fremden und des Eigenen: Prozesse interkultureller Abgrenzung, Vermittlung und Identitätsbildung". Neu ist heute, dass die verstärkte Zuwanderung nach Deutschland und Europa in kürzester Zeit Menschen aus vielen Weltregionen, unterschiedlichen Kulturen, Ethnien und Religionen in Aufnahmeländern mit teils ganz anderen Traditionen, Verfassungen und Rechtssystemen zusammenführt. Das zwingt nicht nur das politische System in Deutschland, sondern auch die Wissenschaft dazu, neue Denkräume zu erschließen. Das Herrenhäuser Symposium will dazu einen Beitrag leisten. Wie kann ein neues Miteinander gestaltet werden? Die Veranstaltung wendete sich an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus den Gesellschafts- und Kulturwissenschaften ebenso wie an Vertreterinnen und Vertreter zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen und der Politik. Anmoderation: Sibylle Salewski Foto: David Carreno Hansen für VolkswagenStiftung https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20170316_SU_140_Zimmermann.mp3 Thu, 16 Mar 2017 16:04:00 GMT 38:46 Dynamics in the History of Religions Volkhard Krech is Professor of Religious Studies at Bochum University in Germany and Director of the International Research Consortium on "Dynamics in the History of Religions" as well as of the Center for Religious Studies. He held his talk at the Herrenhausen Conference "Religious Pluralisation - A Challenge for Modern Societies" on October 4-6, 2016, where the challenges of religious pluralization and the contribution to be made by interreligious dialogue in the areas of societal and scientific discourse were discussed. In his talk Volkhard Krech builds on the presentations and discussions at the conference. He summarizes what he thinks of as the most important issues about religious pluralization. Further information "Religious Pluralisation - A Challenge for Modern Societies" Herrenhausen Conference October 4-6, 2016; Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany Program Session 1: Religion and Dialogue in Different Contexts Public Lecture: Toward a New Paradigm for Religion in a Pluralist Age Session 2: Community Building and Policymaking in European Perspectives Session 3: Contribution of Religious Education to Dialogue and Integration Session 4: The Relevance of Interreligious Dialogue in the Public Sphere Forum on Dialogical Theology Session 5: Interreligious Communication and the Role of Media Perspectives of Further Research in the Field of Interreligious Dynamics Photo: 4th World Day of Prayer for Peace, Assisi (Italy), 2011. (Stephan Kölliker via Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20161006_SU_123_HK_Krech.mp3 Thu, 06 Oct 2016 07:57:00 GMT 29:10 Governance of Religious Diversity - Socio-Legal Dynamics in Europe Matthias Koenig is a sociologist of law, professor at the University of Göttingen and Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity. He held his talk at the Herrenhausen Conference "Religious Pluralisation - A Challenge for Modern Societies" on October 4-6, 2016, where the challenges of religious pluralization and the contribution to be made by interreligious dialogue in the areas of societal and scientific discourse were discussed. In his talk, he argues that there are two main problems with our standard answer to the question of how to resolve problems arising from religious diversity. First, we too easily overlook the remnants of confessional statehood that are still present in our state structures. And second, we have to pay more attention to the limitations of secular law and to how it operates. How is religious diversity actually governed? Further information "Religious Pluralisation - A Challenge for Modern Societies" Herrenhausen Conference October 4-6, 2016; Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Germany Program Session 1: Religion and Dialogue in Different Contexts Public Lecture: Toward a New Paradigm for Religion in a Pluralist Age Session 2: Community Building and Policymaking in European Perspectives Session 3: Contribution of Religious Education to Dialogue and Integration Session 4: The Relevance of Interreligious Dialogue in the Public Sphere Forum on Dialogical Theology Session 5: Interreligious Communication and the Role of Media Perspectives of Further Research in the Field of Interreligious Dynamics Photo: 4th World Day of Prayer for Peace, Assisi (Italy), 2011. (Stephan Kölliker via Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20161005_SU_122_HK_Koenig.mp3 Wed, 05 Oct 2016 07:53:00 GMT 26:52 International Dada: Between Aesthetic and Political Revolution David Hopkins, University of Glasgow The Dada movement (1916-1923) is normally seen as linked to specific locations: Zurich, Berlin, Cologne, Hanover, Paris and New York. Whilst common anti-war and anti-art sentiments are understood as uniting these centers, Dada activity in each location is customarily defined in terms of distinguishing characteristics. Zurich Dada is therefore seen as having an aesthetic tendency (in the direction of abstraction) whilst the Berlin group is considered more politically engaged. This paper seeks to challenge the too-easy separation between aesthetics and politics in accounts of Dada that has been encouraged by the above model. At the same time, it aims to challenge the model of static Dada locations and to promote a dynamic notion of Dada as constituted primarily by the principle of dissemination. The paper will look closely at a series of interactions between key Dada figures in far-flung locations. It will aim to show that magazines, letters or telegrams between these individuals are as much manifestations of Dada as anything else, and that, in line with this fluidity of communication, Dada is pledged to dissolving fixed notions of identity and place, as well as hard-and-fast distinctions between ‘aesthetics’ and ‘politics’. On this reading Dada’s distrust of borders (both geographic and conceptual) may in the end be seen as its most revolutionary impulse. David Hopkins is Professor of Art History and Director of Institute of Art History at the University of Glasgow. His main research areas are Dada, Surrealism, Ernst, Duchamp as well as selected aspects of post-1945 art and photography. He is the author of the following books: “Virgin Microbe: Essays on Dada” (2013, co-edited with Michael White), “Dada’s Boys: Masculinity After Duchamp” (2007), “Dada and Surrealism: A Very Short Introduction” (2004). One of his ongoing research projects is called “The Soul of the Toy: Legacies of Dada and Surrealism”. The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 11 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160611_SU_119_WCR_Hopkins_1.mp3 Fri, 10 Jun 2016 15:48:00 GMT 24:57 "Knave Proof": The Macroeconomics of Stabilization in Europe and the U.S., 1919-1926 Adam Tooze, Columbia University The violent politics of counter-revolution in the aftermath of World War I are eye-catching. But focusing on them can lead us to underestimate a larger and more broad-based phenomenon of unsettlement and restabilization that operated in the more abstract arena of macroeconomic forces. Between 1919 and the mid-1920s a gigantic cycle of inflation and deflation rocked the world economy. Here too a politics of stabilization was at work. It is one that operated in a classically counter-revolution fashion against the left and organized labor. But it also served to contain the more violent forces of the nationalist right-wing. It is precisely in this sphere that a liberal politics of stabilization was at its most powerful and effective. Adam Tooze is Professor of History at Columbia University. Previously, he was Professor at Yale University (2009 - 2015) and Director of International Security Studies at the University of Cambridge (1996 - 2009). He is an Invited Commission Member of the Ministerial Research Project “History of the Reichsministerium der Finanzen in the Third Reich”. In 2002, he won the book prize for modern history with his work on “Statistics and the German state 1900-1945: The making of modern economic knowledge”. Moreover, he is the author of “The Wages of Destruction. The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy” (2006). His latest publication “The Deluge: The Great War and the Remaking of the Global Order 1916-1931” was published in 2014 and won the LA Times History Prize. In 2015, he co-edited the “Cambridge History of World War II. Volume 3” (with Michael Geyer). That same year, he published a book on “Normalität und Fragilität: Demokratie nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg“ (with Tim B. Müller). The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 10 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160610_SU_118_WCR_Tooze_1.mp3 Fri, 10 Jun 2016 15:46:00 GMT 32:07 Audio: Entangling Collective Action and Imaginaries of Threat, c. 1916-23 Klaus Weinhauer, Universität Bielefeld Globally the years roughly between 1910 and the mid 1920s saw multiple and overlapping upheavals. Labor historians, mostly focusing on nation states, have studied strikes and social movements, while others have discussed the revolutionary, social and consumer protests of this phase. What we still need, however, are globally oriented studies of these important years. My paper employs a micro historical and space sensitive approach focused on the struggle about local order. In the phase of global upheaval, roughly between the 1910s and mid 1920s, not only hopes for revolution but on a massive scale also fears and imaginaries of threat surfaced. These fears (and also the hopes) were mostly about social change and about possible revolutions - the latter often inspired by the Russian Revolutions and later by the German Revolution. Transnational and translocal networks of communication, highly mobile intellectuals, and the network of shipping lines were instrumental in entangling these imaginaries of threat and order. The presentation will, firstly, study why the First World War evoked such fears and imaginaries of threat – even in countries which did not directly participate in the war (like Argentina). Secondly, the paper will argue that the threats and social tensions of these years were strongly influenced by confrontations between locally based models of order on the one hand and nation state based models of order on the other hand. These local-versus-central order contestations were rooted in a confrontation of and competition between diverse urban social movements (left and right), among which established trade unions and political parties were by far not the only players. Thirdly, the presentation will analyze why, globally, in 1919 these confrontations often escalated. Klaus Weinhauer is Professor of Modern History and teaches Transnational and Comparative History at Bielefeld University. He received his PhD and his Habilitation from Hamburg University. He held fellowships at Oxford University, at Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS), and at the Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) in Bielefeld. His research focuses on: transformations of the state (urban violence, security, policing, terrorism); labor history; history of protest and of social movements. He recently co-edited “Germany 1916-23. A Revolution in Context” (2015) and a special journal issue on “Terrorism, Gender, and History” (2014). Currently, he is working on a book about the phase of global upheaval between the 1910s and the mid-1920s. The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 10 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160610_SU_117_WCR_Weinhauer_1.mp3 Fri, 10 Jun 2016 15:43:00 GMT 25:57 Colonial Modernity, National Subjectivity and Subaltern Everydayness Jie-Hyun Lim, Sogang University, Seoul Asianization, Africanization or Latin Americanization of Marxism involves more than a mere transposition of Marxian ideas to non-European countries. When revolution came to East, events contradicted the ideology. The Bolshevik revolution seemed to deny Marx’s famous dictum of ‘the country that is more developed industrially only shows, to the less developed, the image of its own future.’ Based on a divergent mode of capitalist development from the ‘West’, the Russian revolution represented ‘a revolution against Karl Marx’s Capital.’ However, revolution in Russia was not a derivative one wherein the historical authenticity of the Marxian revolution in the developed capitalist countries is tested. Viewed from entangled histories of capitalism, colonialism, nationalism and socialism as competing visions of the global modernity, the Bolshevik revolution was the field of political contests of those competing visions. As the development of the global socialism showed in the twentieth century, socialism was not consequent to capitalism but constitutive of it. Confronting subaltern everydayness, all that solid division of the revolution and counterrevolution, and colonial modernity and national subjectivity melts into the air. This is to trace the socialist revolution moving to East from the combined optic of the global modernity and local everydayness with a spatial stress on Asia. Jie-Hyun Lim is Professor of Transnational History and founding director of the Critical Global Studies Institute at Sogang University in Seoul. While serving the Research Institute of Comparative History and Culture (RICH) as the founding director in 2004-2014, he initiated the “Flying University of Transnational Humanities” as the transnational academic venture. Most recently he published five volumes of the Palgrave series of “Mass Dictatorship in the 20th Century” as the series editor. He is the president of the “Network of Global and World History Organizations” in 2015-2020. He held visiting appointments at Cracow Pedagogical University, Warsaw University, Harvard-Yenching Institute, Nichibunken, EHESS, Paris II University and Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. His present research topic is a transnational history of “Victimhood Nationalism” covering Post-WWII Korea, Japan, Poland, Israel and Germany. The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 10 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160610_SU_116_WCR_Jie-Hyun_Lim_1.mp3 Fri, 10 Jun 2016 15:41:00 GMT 26:05 After Empire, Before Nation: Competing Visions of Order in the Ottoman Empire After 1917 Abdulhamit Kirmizi, Istanbul Şehir University The examination of the connections between the Russian Revolution and the “Anatolian Revolution” (as the Turkish war of independence is sometimes called) is exciting, yet understudied. My paper will deal with the intriguing question of how (post-) Ottoman actors responded to and navigated within a new world changed by the Bolshevik Revolution after 1917. A chaotic new world needed to be ordered with innovative configurations of current ideological trends in a time when many loyalties persisted together. Sources speak of an alliance between Turkish nationalism and Bolshevism after the revolution. The immediate impressions on the revolution must have prevalent effects on Turkish leaders’ future visions of order. After the war, Mustafa Kemal tried to get the support of Bolshevism from the very first moment he started organizing the “anti-imperialist” national movement and considered implementing its principles for the liberation of the country without endangering Islamic and Turkish traditions and values. But pragmatic consequences like getting material help and securing the northern borders constituted the greater part of this consideration. The idea of world revolution was sold to the Muslim world within an emballage of Pan-Islamism. The Bolsheviks wanted to use Ottoman leaders to organize an Islamic blended anti-colonial revolution against the Allied Powers mainly in Arabia and India, whereas the Ottoman leaders wanted to gain Bolshevik material support for the national movement in Anatolia. What was left from the Ottoman Empire after the WWI could be called a’raf, or purgatorio in Dante’s word, a place in between inferno and paradiso. This purgatory soon became a disputed field between the Anatolian independence movement headed by Mustafa Kemal, the war time leaders of the Unionist government, and the new Istanbul government, all competing to fill the power vacuum for the leadership of the emerging future state. During their struggle, how have competing leaders employed transnational entanglements (Bolshevism, World Revolution, Pan-Islam) against each other? Bolshevism and Panislamism provided supranational sources for the new national-identity-in-formation. My paper will examine how these sources were used during the formations of modern Turkey. Abdulhamit Kirmizi is Associated Professor, teaches Historiography, Auto/Biography and late Ottoman History at Istanbul Şehir University, where he chairs the Department of History. He studied Political Sciences at Ankara University and received his MA from Hacettepe and PhD from Boğaziçi University. He was Visiting Fellow of The British Academy AHRC/ESRC at SOAS, University of London in 2009. His most important books include a biography of the grandvizier Avlonyalı Ferid Paşa (2014), and his dissertation on late Ottoman provincial government, “Abdülhamid'in Valileri: Osmanlı Vilayet İdaresi, 1895-1908” (2007). He is founding co-editor of TALID (Türkiye Arastirmalari Literatür Dergisi/Turkish Studies Review). The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 10 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160610_SU_115_WCR_Kirmizi_1.mp3 Fri, 10 Jun 2016 15:38:00 GMT 27:37 1917-1920 and the Global Revolution of Rising Expectations Jörn Leonhard, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg When the American President Woodrow Wilson developed his vision of a new world order in 1917, his focus on the right of national self-determination, particularly that of small nations, played an almost fundamental role. Against the background of the First World War and the hitherto unknown number of victims contemporaries sought to answer the question what the causes of this catastrophe had been. Wilson’s answer pointed to the suppression of nationalities: “This war had its roots in the disregard of rights of small nations and of nationalities which lacked the union and the force to make good their claim to determine their own allegiances and their own forms of political life.” Both the war and the Wilsonian moment provoked globally rising expectations of what a peace settlement after a totalized war would have to achieve. The hitherto unknown number of war victims which had to be legitimized through the results of the peace, ever radicalizing war aims, the ideal of a new international order which would make future wars impossible, as well as the new mass markets of public deliberations and the new relation between “international” and “domestic” politics in an age of mass media and democratic franchise: all these elements contributed to a massive disillusion and disappointment when the results of the peace settlements became obvious. Turning away from the new international order, which seemed to have lost its legitimacy very soon, paved the way to multiple revisionisms. Against this background my lecture will look at the period from 1917 to 1920 as a period of globally rising expectations – political and social as well as national and anticolonial expectations, often overlapping with each other and thereby reinforcing complexity. By departing from the classical chronological compartment of 1914 to 1918, our image of the war changes if we open our European narrative into a global one. Thus the end of the war becomes highly ambivalent. The beginning of the war in early August 1914 marked a common experience for millions over thousands of kilometers. Yet the end of the war was no longer a synchronic moment in history. If we follow the aura of the eleventh hour on the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918, we focus on the end of war between states in Western Europe – while other wars continued or were about to start: in Ireland and Poland, where new nation states emerged in civil war or national war, in Eastern Europe as a whole, where the state war had already ended in 1917 and had transcended into a civil war, time and again overlapping with ethnic conflicts, that would continue into the early 1920s, in the Near and Middle East, in India, Asia and in many parts of Northern Africa. The formal end of the war gave way to a broad spectrum of new spaces of violence on a global level – wars of independence, ethnic cleansing, wars to revise terms of the peace-treaties – which transcend chronological compartment of 1914-1918. Jörn Leonhard is Full Professor in Modern European History at the History Seminar of Freiburg University. He received his Doctorate (1998) and his Habilitation (2004) from the University of Heidelberg. From 1998-2003 he taught as Fellow and Tutor in Modern History at Oxford University, from 2004-2006 as Reader in West European History at Jena University before coming to Freiburg. From 2007-2012 he was one of the Founding Directors of the School of History of the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS). In 2012/13 he was Visiting Fellow at the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University, where he completed a general history of the First World War. In 2015 he was elected member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. In 2016/17 he will be a Senior Fellow at the Historisches Kolleg in Munich to complete his book “Overburdened Peace: A Global History 1918-1923”. His main publications include: “Liberalismus. Zur historischen Semantik eines europäischen Deutungsmusters“ (2001, edited with Ulrike von Hirschhausen), “Nationalismen in Europa: West- und Osteuropa im Vergleich“ (2001); “Bellizismus und Nation. Kriegsdeutung und Nationalbestimmung in Europa und den Vereinigten Staaten 1750-1914“ (2008); “Empires und Nationalstaaten im 19. Jahrhundert“ (2nd edition 2010, with Ulrike von Hirschhausen); ”Comparing Empires. Encounters and Transfers in the Nineteenth an Early Twentieth Century” (2nd edition 2012, edited with Ulrike von Hirschhausen); “What Makes the Nobility Noble? Comparative Perspectives from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century” (2011, edited with Christian Wieland); “Die Büchse der Pandora. Geschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs” (5th edition 2014). The talk was held at the international conference “World-Counter-Revolutions”, 9 June 2016 in Hanover, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Katharina Böcker https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20160609_SU_114_WCR_Leonhard_1.mp3 Thu, 09 Jun 2016 15:34:00 GMT 1:01:22 Ethnological Museums: "The First Steps of the New" Ethnological museums in the 21st century have to embrace their influence on society not only thanks to a thoroughly knowledge of their collection but also by amplifying the civic discourse, accelerating the cultural and social change and contributing to contextual intelligence”. In his talk, Mauricio Estrada Muñoz describes the new plans for the Musée d’Ethnographie de Genève and how the museum is coping with history and provenance issues. He focuses on the permanent exhibition “The Archives of Human Diversity” and how these are displayed in regard to different perspectives. Furthermore, he lines out different approaches on audience development and networking with different groups, for example diasporas installed in the vicinity of Geneva in order to promote their living traditions and intangible heritage. Mauricio Estrada Muñoz is Head of Publics at the Museum of Ethnography, City of Geneva, and is in charge to develop along with his team outreach and educational programs that foster understanding and dialogue between audiences of all kinds. Until 2013 Mauricio contributed to the development and the implementation of Studio 13/16, Centre Pompidou’s teen gallery, and served as curator. Prior to museums, Mauricio worked as researcher in the field of social psychology. He holds a degree in psychology from the University of Geneva and obtained an M.S in Communication for Cultural Heritage from the University of Lugano with honors. Photo: Ludwig Schoepfer for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150623_SU_090_EM_MunozM.mp3 Tue, 23 Jun 2015 09:10:00 GMT 13:32 Ethnological Museums: "The Museum as Maloca? A Cooperation Project with Indigenous Partners" Michael Kraus presents a project between indigenous and scientific partners: in 2014, several anthropologists from Germany have invited four guests from Mitú to the ethnological museum in Berlin. The meeting consisted of two parts: a closed workshop and a public conference. The objects from the museums collections were taken in a time, when the relation between the indigenous society and the colonialist was not peaceful. In his talk, Kraus describes the meeting’s impact on both sides and how the indigenous guests structured it according to their cultural traditions. Michael Kraus is lecturer at the Department for the Anthropology of the Americas at the University of Bonn. He studied ethnology, comparative religious studies and sociology at the universities of Tübingen, Guadalajara and Marburg. In 2004, he received his PhD in ethnology for his work “Bildungsbürger im Urwald. Die deutsche ethnologische Amazonienforschung (1884-1929)”. As a research assistant, he worked at the University of Marburg and the Ethnologisches Museum in Berlin. He has also curated exhibitions for various museums (e.g. “Novos Mundos - Neue Welten. Portugal und das Zeitalter der Entdeckungen” at Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, 2007 and “WeltWissen. 300 Jahre Wissenschaften in Berlin” at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 2010). He has carried out ethnographic fieldwork among the Guaraní (Gran Chaco, Bolivia) and Tukano (Upper Rio Negro, Brazil/Colombia). His research focusses on indigenous Cultures of Amazonia, Visual Anthropology, the History of Anthropology, Museum Studies and Curatorial Practices, and Material Culture Studies. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_089_EM_Kraus.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 09:07:00 GMT 15:42 Ethnological Museums: "Some Notes on Repatriation, Restitution, Provenance Research and the Historiography of Collecting" Larissa Förster shares her ideas that base on four years on observing restitution processes with various continents. She therefore captures the present debate on the return of human remains and the restitution of objects in Germany. In the second part, Förster reflects on examples of repatriation from the past. Finally, she connects her analysis to present debates on restitution and the history of museum collections. Larissa Förster is a research associate at the Center for Advanced Studies Morphomata at the University of Cologne and spokesperson of the Working Group on Museums of the German Anthropological Association. Her PhD is on the memory of colonialism in Namibia and she co-curated the exhibition "Namibia – Germany: a shared/divided history. Resistance, violence, memory" (Cologne and Berlin, 2004/05). In her current research she links issues of postcolonial memorialisation practices in Africa to a critical study of the history of European museum collections by looking at why, when and how human remains from European museum collections are (or are not) repatriated to postcolonial nation states. Most recently she (co-)edited the volumes "Transforming Knowledge Orders: Museums, Collections and Exhibitions" (Paderborn, 2013) and "Afropolis. City, Media, Art" (Johannesburg, 2012). Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_088_EM_Foerster.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 09:04:00 GMT 22:30 Ethnological Museums: "Return and Dialogue. Two Sets of Experiences from Vienna" Barbara Plankensteiner talks about her experience regarding the restitution of human remains from the Weltmuseum Wien to the Maori community through the official representatives. She contrasts this experience to an initiative called “the Benin Dialogue” that deals with the art work. Barbara Plankensteiner is Deputy Director and Chief Curator at the Weltmuseum Wien where she also is in charge of the Subsaharan Africa collections. She is lecturer at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology at Vienna University. Research and publications on African material culture and arts, history of anthropology and collections, museum anthropology. Her most well-known international exhibitions are Benin—Kings and Rituals: Court Arts from Nigeria where she was lead curator and editor of the accompanying handbook, and African Lace. A History of Trade, Creativity and Fashion in Nigeria that she co-curated and for which she co-edited the accompanying catalogue. Currently, she is project leader of SWICH Sharing a World of Inclusion, Creativity and Heritage. Ethnography, Museums of World Culture and New Citizenship in Europe, a large cooperation project of ten European museums funded by the Creative Europe programme of the EC. Foto: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_087_EM_Plankensteiner.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 09:01:00 GMT 22:19 Ethnological Museums: "Restitution of Ethnological Objects: Legal Obligation or Moral Dilemma" Sophie Lenski talks about the legal aspects of the return of ethnological objects. She points out that the legal standards of the time when the objects were brought to Europe would have to be applied even today. But that leads to the dilemma that these legal standards do not fit the moral standards we would apply nowadays. At present, a problem for the legal return of objects lies in the traditional legal framework of the public international law and / or private law do not include clear procedures on how to replace objects to indigenous groups. Lenski presents different approaches like treaties and conventions trying to solve these problems. Sophie Lenski studied law in Berlin (Humboldt University), Rome and Paris and has been a researcher at the Humboldt University Berlin from 2005 to 2006. After her PhD in law at the Humboldt University Berlin, she did her legal traineeship in Berlin (at the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation), in Venice and Paris from 2005 to 2007. From 2007 to 2012 she has been a senior lecturer in Public Law at the University Bayreuth and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich. In her habilitation at the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich she dealt with “The Public Law of Culture. Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage between Protection, Promotion and Valorisation”. Since 2012 she is a professor for Public Law, Media and Art Law. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_086_EM_Lenski.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 08:59:00 GMT 23:22 Ethnological Museums: "From Curiosa to World Culture: And What Comes Next?" In her talk “From Curiosa to World Culture: what comes next”, Adriana Muñoz describes how the Swedish Värlskulturmuseet in Göteborg defines its new role in the Swedish society. She points out that “museums with wholly or partially ethnographical direction must, even more than now, have an important mission in promoting contacts between Swedish and non-Swedish cultures”. Muñoz looks as a curator at the history of the collection from a post-colonial perspective. Adriana Muñoz is curator for the Collections at the National Museums of World Culture. She studied history in Argentina and archaeology in Sweden. Since 1998 she has been working as curator and in charge of a number of exhibitions at the Etnografiska Museet i Gothenburg as well as at the Museum of World Culture. She has been exploring how categories have been constructed in Ethnographic museums in relationship to the Colonial period. She has been working with possibilities of de-colonial practices in museums. Adriana has been working for ICOM with problems around the illegal import/export of archaeological plundered objects from Latin America. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_085_EM_MunozA.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 08:56:00 GMT 12:08 Ethnological Museums: "Colonial Power Plays, Commodities and State Presents" Völkerschauen, or human ethnological displays, promised to take visitors “around the world for fifty pennies”, providing a form of popular entertainment in late-nineteenth and early twentieth-century Germany while also satisfying deepening European curiosities about exotic peoples and places. For the Samoans – many of high social status – who traveled to Germany to take part in Völkerschauen, the displays were seen as an opportunity to establish political ties with the colonial power. In her talk, Hilke Thode-Arora, describes how she traced the history of these displays of “typically” Samoan forms of music, dance, and weapons performance that could be found in amusement parks, zoos, and even at Oktoberfest. Hilke Thode-Arora is a social and cultural anthropologist specialised on Oceania. Having done research projects on behalf of most German ethnological museums, her specialization lies in material culture and the history of museum collections, interethnic relations and ethnic identities as well as images and stereotypes. From 2002 to 2005, while doing her fieldwork on Niuean weaving under the auspices of the Ethnological Museum in Berlin, she held an Honorary Fellowship at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She currently is a Research Fellow at the Five Continents Museum in Munich. Based on a three-year research project funded by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, she curated the exhibition “From Samoa with Love? Samoan Travellers in Germany. Retracing the Footsteps”, which contextualized the history of the Samoan collection in Munich and was based on in-depth communication with Samoan descendants. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150622_SU_084_EM_Thode-Arora.mp3 Mon, 22 Jun 2015 08:54:00 GMT 18:09 Ethnological Museums: "Ethnographic Museums and the New Humanities" For the last 40 years, museums, that show Non-European objects, had to change a lot due to the different intercultural discourses. Anthony Alan Shelton, Director of the Museum of Anthropology and Professor of Antropology at the the University of British Columbia, gives an overview on the different approaches and perceptions of ethnological museums from a Canadian perspective. Anthony Alan Shelton is Director of the Museum of Anthropology and Professor of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. Dr. Shelton specializes in critical museology and heritage studies, the anthropology of art and aesthetics, and Latin American and European visual cultures. He has over 150 publications including Art, Anthropology and Aesthetics (with J. Coote. 1992) and Heaven, Hell and Somewhere In-Between. Portuguese Popular Art and Culture (2015), and is currently working on a volume on critical museology. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150621_SU_083_EM_Shelton.mp3 Sun, 21 Jun 2015 08:51:00 GMT 33:15 Ethnological Museums: "From Völkerkundemuseum to the Humboldt-Forum" The Humboldt-Forum is a cultural project within the context of the reconstruction of the Berlin Palace (Berliner Stadtschloss). The Forum will be entirely dedicated to the dialogue between the cultures of the world and will act as a forum for debate and analysis of historical and current issues of global significance, viewed from a multitude of fresh perspectives. From 2019 on, it should host permanent exhibitions on non-European cultures and exhibit objects from the Ethnological Museum and the Museum of Asian Art. It is supposed to be a testing ground for new forms of collaboration, a place that will bring to life an array of cultural and social forms of expression, where scientific working methods will be cemented with artistic ones, and where history will come alive in the present. In his keynote speech, Hermann Parzinger, the President of the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz, explains the ambition of the future Humboldt-Forum and the opportunities this project opens up. He explains the setting of this project, but also the origin of the collections going back to the Humboldt Brothers time. Hermann Parzinger has been President of the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation) since 2008. From 1990 he worked at the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (German Archaeological Institute, DAI) and has been its president from 2003 to 2008. Today he directs several excavation and research projects and publishes regularly. He has received numerous national and international prizes. Parzinger studied pre- and early history (prehistoric archaeology), provincial Roman archaeology and medieval history in Munich, Saarbrücken and Ljubljana. He was the Founding Director of the Eurasia Department of the DAI and has directed numerous excavations and archaeological research projects in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan,Tajikistan and Iran. In 1998 he was awarded the Leibniz Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG), in 2009, he received the Order of Friendship by the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev and in 2012, he accepted into the Order Pour le mérite for the Sciences and Arts. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150621_SU_082_EM_Parzinger.mp3 Sun, 21 Jun 2015 08:48:00 GMT 39:15 Ethnological Museums: "Positioning Ethnological Museums in the 21st Century" In her introduction, Wiebke Ahrndt, Director of the Übersee-Museum Bremen and Vice-Director of the Deutscher Museumsbund e.V., points out the importance of discussing the functions of ethnological museums. She talks about the historical change and of the museums – from the “Wunderkammer” in colonial times to the growing interest on provenance research and knowledge transfer as well as a reflection on a non-European point of view. More than others, ethnographic museums face many questions of legitimacy and cross-cultural responsibility. Wiebke Ahrndt studied in ethnology and anthropology of the Americas in Göttingen and Bonn. In 1996, she completed her PhD in anthropology of the Americas. From late 1999 to early 2002 she was Head of Department at the America Museum der Kulturen Basel. Since March 2002, she is Director of the Übersee Museum Bremen. In October 2006, she was awarded an honorary professorship at the Department of Cultural Studies at the University of Bremen. Since May 2010, Wiebke Arndt is a Member of the Board and since May 2011 Vice President of the German Museum Federation. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150621_SU_081_EM_Ahrndt.mp3 Sun, 21 Jun 2015 08:45:00 GMT 15:02 Big Data and Challenges for Research and Research Funding Volker Markl, Chair, Database Systems and Information Management, University of Berlin (TU) Keynote at the Herrenhausen Conference "Big Data in a Transdisciplinary Perspective", 27.03.2015 VOLKER MARKL is a Full Professor and Chair of the Database Systems and Information Man¬agement (DIMA) group at the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) as well as an adjunct status-only professor at the University of Toronto. Earlier in his career, he lead a research group at FORWISS, the Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge-based Systems in Munich, and was a Research Staff member & Project Leader at the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California, USA. He has published numerous research papers on indexing, query optimization, lightweight information integration, and scalable data processing. He holdsseven patents, has transferred technology into several commercial products, and advises several companies and startups. He has been speaker and princi-pal investigator of the Stratosphere research project that resulted in the “ApacheFlink” big data analytics system. He was recently elected as one of Germany’s leading “digital minds” (Digitale Köpfe) by the German Informatics Society. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150327_SU_075_BD_Markl.mp3 Fri, 27 Mar 2015 17:44:00 GMT 41:04 Ignore the Facts, Forget the Facts: European Principles in an Era of Big Data Nikolaus Forgó, Institute for Legal Informatics, University of Hannover Keynote at the Herrenhausen Conference "Big Data in a Transdisciplinary Perspective", 27.03.2015 NIKOLAUS FORGÓ studied law in Vienna and Paris. Since 2000 he is full professor for Legal Infor¬matics and IT-Law at the University of Hanover, since 2007 Co-Head of the In¬stitute for Legal Informatics (www.iri.uni-hannover.de), and since 2013 Member of the Board of the interdisciplinary research centre L3S (www.l3s.de). He has been constantly doing research, teaching, and consulting on all ICT-related legal issues, with particular focus on privacy, intellectual property, and data security. He is regularly consulting public institutions such as the European Commission, the Austrian Parliament, the German Ethics Council, and several national Austrian and German ministries on ICT-related issues. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150327_SU_074_BD_Forgo.mp3 Fri, 27 Mar 2015 17:42:00 GMT 29:49 Data, Scholarship, and Disciplinary Practice Christine L. Borgman, Presidential Chair and Professor of Information Studies, Department of Information Studies, UCLA, USA Keynote at the Herrenhausen Conference "Big Data in a Transdisciplinary Perspective", 25.03.2015 CHRISTINE L. BORGMAN is Professor & Presidential Chair in Information Studies at UCLA and the author of more than 200 publications in information studies, computer science, and communication, including three books published by the MIT Press. “Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World” released in January 2015, follows “Scholarship in the Digital Age”. Amongst her publications are also“Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet” (2007) and “From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in a Networked World” (2000), both winners of the Best Information Science Book of the Year Award from the Association for Information Science and Technology. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Association for Computing Machinery, a member of the Board of Directors of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, and U.S. Co-Chair of the CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation and Attribution. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150325_SU_073_BD_Borgmann.mp3 Wed, 25 Mar 2015 17:38:00 GMT 1:13:18 Big Data in the Arts and in the Humanities Andrew Prescott, AHRC Leadership Fellow for Digital Humanities, Professor of Digital Humanities, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom Keynote at the Herrenhausen Conference "Big Data in a Transdisciplinary Perspective", 25.03.2015 ANDREW PRESCOTT is Professor of Digital Humanities in the School of Critical Studies at the Uni¬versity of Glasgow and Theme Leader Fellow for the “Digital Transformations” strategic theme of the Arts and Humanities Research Council in the United Kingdom. Andrew trained as a medieval historian and wrote his doctoral thesis on the English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. He was a Curator in the Department of Manuscripts of the British Library from 1979-2000. He has also worked in libraries and digital humanities centres at King’s College London, the University of Sheffield, and the University of Wales Lampeter. Andrew was the lead curator for “Electronic Beowulf”, edited by Kevin Kiernan and first published in 2000. He has published many books and articles on subjects ranging from liturgical manuscripts to the history of Freemasonry. Andrew tweets as @ajprescott and his blog is digitalriffs.blogspot.com. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20150325_SU_072_BD_Prescott.mp3 Wed, 25 Mar 2015 16:25:00 GMT 54:24 Moral and Ethical Responsibilities of Life Scientists David A. Relman, Stanford School of Medicine Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 12.12.2014 This is the biological century, believes David Relman. He is professor for medicine and microbiology at Stanford University, has done research on infectious diseases, and has advised the US government on future biological threats. In his talk, he explains how research in the life sciences today is very different from how it used to be. He describes digitalization as one example because over the course of the coming years, more and more robotic devices will carry out lab work. These machines piece together the steps of an experiment through following a code that was written by a scientist – but not necessarily by someone nearby. The location where the experiment takes place thus becomes independent of the location of the person who came up with the idea. The experiment can also be carried out multiple times and at multiple places. This new way of doing laboratory work in the life sciences is basically a good thing, Relman says. But it comes with new risks. What are we to do in this situation? David Relman pleads for scaled governance and oversight: Self-governance, local and regional governance, and larger oversights. Some experiments, he says, are so risky that they should not be carried out at all. Relman is a Professor in Medicine and Microbiology & Immunology and Co-Director of the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University. He is also Chief of Infectious Diseases at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System in Palo Alto, California. Dr. Relman’s research focus is the human indigenous microbiota and the identification of previously-unrecognized microbial agents of disease. He has advised the U.S. Government on emerging infectious diseases, human-microbe interactions, and future biological threats. He is Chair of the Forum on Microbial Threats at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in the USA and Past President of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141212_SU_062_DURM_Relman_01.mp3 Fri, 12 Dec 2014 19:37:00 GMT 28:50 Finding the Balance Between Fear and Progress Michael Specter, The New Yorker Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 12.12.2014 The term “dual use” is a technical one. But it is not as special a category as one might think. Everything has dual use, says journalist Michael Specter: Planes are amazing inventions for transporting people and things but they can also be used as weapons, as happened on September 11th, 2001. He argues that no one in their right mind would want to stop making planes, just because they can be misused as weapons. All we do and should do, is try to make them safer. Research on viruses is no different although Specter admits that a virus is probably the biggest threat to mankind. But we do not know where it might come from – it could be a virus invented in a lab or one that spreads from a chimp. It is the job of science to do as much research as possible on viruses, so that we can understand how they work and find vaccines or other ways to contain them. For scientists, just doing their research in the lab isn’t enough, Specter explains. It is the scientist’s job to explain to the wider public what exactly it is they are doing and what good it can do. Michael Specter writes for the New Yorker about science, technology, genetics and public health. He has published articles about AIDS, TB, avian influenza, malaria, synthetic biology, the search for new viruses, GMO crops, and the attempt to modify mosquitoes to fight dengue. Specter came to The New Yorker from the New York Times, where he had been the newspaper's Senior Foreign Correspondent, based in Rome. He came to the Times from the Washington Post, where he served as the Post's national science reporter and, later, the newspaper's New York bureau chief. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141212_SU_060_DURM_Specter_01.mp3 Fri, 12 Dec 2014 19:32:00 GMT 31:39 Supporting the Public’s Trust in Scientific Research in Ethically Challenging Settings Mark Yarborough, Dean’s Professor of Bioethics, University of California, Davis Medical School Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 12.12.2014 Mark Yarborough, a well-known philosopher, raises the question if scientists should be conducting gain-of-function research in general. He asks if we can promote disease treatment and prevention and simultaneously adequately avoid the risks imposed by potentially dangerous research. Also he discusses if we should forgo possible public health protections that might be gained from doing the research in order to avoid harms and other risks intrinsic to the research. He emphasized the importance of trust from society in science and the role of scientists in gaining this trust. Yarborough received his Ph.D. in philosophy with a special concentration in bioethics from the University of Tennessee. He has been on the faculties of Auburn University, the University of Colorado, Denver, and the University of California, Davis. While at Denver, he was chair of the Philosophy Department and later the director of the Center for Bioethics and Humanities at the university’s health sciences campus. Dr. Yarborough joined the faculty of the University of California Davis Bioethics Program in April 2010 as dean’s professor of bioethics. His primary area of scholarship and research is ethical issues in biomedical research, with a special focus on matters related to trustworthiness in the biomedical research enterprise. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141212_SU_065_DURM_Yarborough.mp3 Fri, 12 Dec 2014 18:12:00 GMT 27:31 Dual Use Research and Gain-of-Function: Perspective of a Junior Scientist Benjamin G. Hale, University of Glasgow, Centre for Virus Research; Silke Stertz, University of Zurich, Institute of Medical Virology (IMV) Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 12.12.2014 Benjamin G. Hale talks about the boundaries between dual use research of concern and gain-of-function experiments that are becoming more and more muddied. He points out that gain-of-function research encompasses a wide-range of experiments and is not limited to studies on increasing virulence or transmission. He analyses the impact of the discussion on junior scientists and the consequences for attractiveness of the field of research. Subsequently, Silke Stertz speaks about cellular proteins that the influenza virus uses to enter host cells and how these cellular factors facilitate viral entry. She explains how researchers can use this kind of information to develop drugs against influenza viruses. She also analyzes the responsibility of scientists and the importance of communicating decision processes. Hale completed his Ph.D. at the University of St. Andrews, UK, before undertaking postdoctoral training at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA. In 2011, Dr. Hale was appointed Group Leader and Lecturer at the MRC – University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, UK, where his laboratory studies the interplay between influenza virus virulence factors and cellular signaling networks. Silke Stertz completed her Ph.D. at the Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg, Germany. She joined the laboratory of Prof. Peter Palese at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA, for her postdoctoral training. In 2011, Dr. Stertz was appointed assistant professor at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, where she started her own research group. Her work focuses on the interplay of influenza viruses with their host cell, particularly at the stage of virus entry. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141212_SU_063_064_DURM_Hale_Stertz.mp3 Fri, 12 Dec 2014 18:09:00 GMT 20:38 The New Dual Use Dilemma Volker Stollorz, science journalist e.g. Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, Cologne Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 12.12.2014 Volker Stollorz works as science journalist since 1991. He talks about the public expectations of biomedical research on manmade microbes and discusses science as a game changer and a possible solution for associated collective action problems. Stollorz studied biology and philosophy at the University of Cologne and finished his diploma at the Netherlands Cancer Institute in Amsterdam. Despite his early success at the cell biological research front he got passionate about a career working at the interface between science, science journalism, and the public. He has been involved in the birth of three major science sections in national German weekly newspapers, DIE ZEIT (1992), DIE WOCHE (1993-1998), and Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung (since 2001). Besides being a regular contributor for the FAS he writes free-lance for weekly and monthly magazines like STERN, GEO, and NZZ-Folio, and co-authored TV-Documentaries for National Public Television. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141212_SU_061_DURM_Stollorz.mp3 Fri, 12 Dec 2014 18:04:00 GMT 17:17 Why not all Research is Free – Constitutional Limits of Science Rüdiger Wolfrum, Heidelberg Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 In Germany, the freedom of science and research is guaranteed without any explicit limits in the basic German law. What does this mean for researchers? Rüdiger Wolfrum, a professor for law, explains in his talk when the government can impose standards for safe research and restrict the publication of the results of certain research, despite this constitutional guarantee of the freedom of research. One of the examples Wolfrum has in mind is research on the modification of influenza viruses. The government cannot limit how a scientist defines the research he does. However, when research is actually being conducted, the government can and must play a role when it comes to issues of safety: When research could potentially endanger the basic human rights of others – their lives, for example, or their health – there is a duty to protect them. Risks cannot simply be ignored, Wolfrum argues. The greater the potential damage, the less willing we are to accept these risks. Wolfrum goes further: Both individual scientists and institutions have a duty to anticipate the misuse of their research by others. Wolfrum is a professor for comparative public law and international law and worked at the law faculties of the universities of Mainz (1982), Kiel (1982-1993), and Heidelberg (1993-2012). He also served as director at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg (1993-2012), was vice-president of the German Research Foundation (1996-2002), and vice-president of the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Sciences (2002-2006). Wolfrum is a member of the humanities section of the German Academy of Natural Sciences (Leopoldina) since 2003 and is president of the Ethics Council of the Max Planck Society. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_056_DURM_Wolfrum_01.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 19:21:00 GMT 52:09 Advice on Dual Use Research Policy in The Netherlands André Knottnerus, Scientific Council for Government Policy, The Hague Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 André Knottnerus speaks about the separate worlds of life sciences and security policy, the impact of 9/11 and the anthrax letters, and an increased awareness as an issue for biomedicine, public health, and academies of science. He analyses today’s governmental and regulatory situation, discusses the possibility of a general code of conduct, and explains the Dutch code of conduct for biosecurity. Knottnerus studied epidemiology at Maastricht University, obtaining his doctorate in 1986 with a thesis on the evaluation of diagnostic tests. He was appointed Professor of General Practice there in 1988 and has published a great deal on primary care, public health and quality of care. He was appointed chairman of the Scientific Council for Government Policy in May 2010 and currently chairs the “Supervision and responsibility” project. He is member of various boards including the Supervisory Committee and the Scientific Advisory Board of the Stichting Instituut GAK. He is Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Member of Royal Netherlands Society of Sciences (KHMW), and Editor-in-chief of the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_059_DURM_Knottnerus.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 18:01:00 GMT 26:10 Biosecurity – Freedom and Responsibility of Research Silja Vöneky, University of Freiburg Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Silja Vöneky is Professor of Public International Law and Ethics of Law at the University of Freiburg, (Co-)Director of the Institute for Public Law and (Co-)Director of the Network for Civil Security Law in Europe (KORSE). She talks about biosecurity in general and the freedom and responsibility of research in particular from her point of view as a legal expert. Her areas of focus include international law and philosophy of law, especially humanitarian law, international environmental law, the relation of ethics and law ("ethicalization" of law), including questions on how to regulate existential risks (biosecurity law and democratic legitimacy). She studied law and philosophy of law at the Universities of Freiburg, Bonn, Edinburgh (UK), and Heidelberg and was head of a Max Planck Research Group in Heidelberg focusing on the interdependence of ethics and law (2005-2011). Since 2001 Silja Vöneky is legal advisor to the Federal Foreign Office, the Federal Ministry of Research, the Federal Ministry of Environment, and to the Alfred Wegener Institute for Scientific Marine Research. Since 2012 she has been a member of the German Ethics Council appointed on the proposal of the federal government and was the head of the working group on biosecurity of the German Ethics Council. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_058_DURM_Voeneky.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:39:00 GMT 23:19 Considering Publication of Dual Use Research of Concern Véronique Kiermer, Nature Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Véronique Kiermer is Director of Author and Reviewer Services for Nature Publishing Group. She talks about controversial papers, e.g. about Mousepox, the synthetic polio virus genome, and Anthrax. She also discusses the journal’s reaction to increasing biosecurity concerns and a journal editor’s statement on scientific publication and security. She analyzes the journal’s roles as gatekeepers and possible ways out of this dilemma. Kiermer obtained her Ph.D. in molecular biology from the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. Her postdoctoral work was in at the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, studying the transcriptional regulation of HIV. She then worked on gene therapy projects at the biotechnology company Cell Genesys before moving to Nature Publishing Group in 2004. She was the founding chief editor of Nature Methods. In 2010, she became executive editor at NPG and since 2014 she oversees the author and reviewer experience. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_055_DURM_Kiermer.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:36:00 GMT 30:01 The EU Export Control policy – Provisions for Research Cornelius Schmaltz, European Commission, Directorate General for Research and Innovation Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Cornelius Schmaltz provides an overview of the history, policy, legal framework, and institutional aspects of the EU export control policy in his talk and also discusses the particular case of Ron Fouchier’s publication of his H5N1 influenza research. For example, he names basic features like a common set of rules and of licenses as well as the coordination of implementation of the policy. He also discusses provisions for research and considerations for dual use research in the EU framework programme for research and innovation “Horizon 2020”. Schmalz received his MD and his training as a board-certified pediatrician from the University of Freiburg/Germany. Following a postdoc at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston and a fellowship in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, Dr. Schmaltz joined the Volkswagen Foundation in Germany, as programme manager in Medicine. Since 2006 he has been an official at the European Commission's Research and Innovation Directorate General, where he is currently Deputy Head of Unit for Infectious Diseases and Public Health. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_054_DURM_Schmaltz.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:32:00 GMT 23:33 Gain of Function and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Raymond Zilinskas, Monterey Institute of International Studies Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Raymond A. Zilinskas speaks about the first (1928-1971) and second (called FERMENT, 1972-1992) generation biological warfare programs, relevant elements of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, and Russian weapons based on “genetics”. He provides statistics about the USSR Ministry of Defense biological warfare facilities, the biopreparat biological warfare facilities, and anti-plague institutes. The scientist names examples of FERMENT program’s projects and discusses the program’s legacy in today’s Russia. Zilinskas has worked for the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment, the U.N. Industrial Development Organization, the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, the School of Hygiene and Public Health, and the Johns Hopkins University. In 1994, he twice served as UNSCOM biological inspector in Iraq. Currently he directs the Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program at James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, California. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_053_DURM_Zilinskas.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:30:00 GMT 31:55 Biorisk Management Challenges in Gain-of-function Research Peter Clevestig, SIPRI, Stockholm Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Peter Clevestig is senior researcher with the Chemical and Biological Security Project of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. He speaks about laboratory biosafety vs. biosecurity and laboratory risks like unintentional exposures or accidental release, as well as unauthorized access, loss, theft, misuse, diversion, and intentional release of hazardous pathogens. He discusses the lack of internationally agreed norms for biosafety and biosecurity and provides statistics about laboratory acquired infections and accidental releases of pathogens. Clevestig is a trained virologist working on multiple aspects of biological security including biosecurity (biorisk-management policy and implementation strategies), dual-use aspects and oversight mechanisms for microbiological research, and strategic trade control of biological materials and technology. Clevestig interests also include historical aspects of biological warfare programmes and developments in biotechnology and their potential security implications. He joined SIPRI in early 2007. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_052_DURM_Clevestig.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:28:00 GMT 26:21 Biorisks Management – Standards, Risks and Oversight Paul J Huntly, Global Leader DNV Biorisk Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 11.12.2014 Paul Huntly is Managing Director of Riskren, specializing in laboratory biorisk management (biosafety/biosecurity), infection control in healthcare, and topics relevant to the Biological Weapons Convention. He speaks about current practices and alternative mechanisms in biosafety and biosecurity and looks at traditional and emerging standards and control philosophies, e.g. risk groups and containment levels. He also discusses the challenges in providing oversight in the modern era for example through all-embracing biorisk management concepts and proposes some focus areas. A microbiologist by training, Huntly has specialized in management systems approaches to life science and healthcare environments. He was the originator of the terms and associated concepts of ‘biorisk’ and ‘biorisk management’ and project manager for the development of CWA 15793; Laboratory Biorisk Management Standard, Together with the DNV GL Managing Infection Risk Standard (2012), addressing hospital infection control from a biorisk management perspective. Huntly works extensively throughout Asia and the rest of the world, providing consultancy and risk assessment advice to many leading national and international organizations. Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141211_SU_051_DURM_Huntly.mp3 Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:24:00 GMT 31:32 Decisions about Gain-of-function Research: Who Bears the Burden of Proof? Harvey Fineberg, Institute of Medicine, Washington Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 10.12.2014 In his talk, Harvey Fineberg describes a recent fundamental shift in US policy on dual use research on microbes. In the summer of 2014 three lapses in biosafety became public and caused the U.S. government to temporarily halt its funding for dual use research on certain kinds of organisms. This decision represents a fundamental shift: In the past, the burden of proof whether research or the publication of research results was too high a risk, lay with the regulating body, i.e. mainly the government. The halting of funding turned this around. Now the researchers and the research institutions have the burden of proof to show that the benefits of going forward with their research outweigh the risks. In his talk, Fineberg lays out the challenges to reaching informed, sensible, acceptable, and appropriate solutions. He emphasizes that the words in which we frame the problems already influence the issues we raise and the answers we might give. Fineberg describes what a discussion about this kind of risk-benefit analysis could look like and who needs to be involved. Fineberg served two consecutive terms as President of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in the USA (2002-2014). He served as Provost of Harvard University from 1997 to 2001, following thirteen years as Dean of the Harvard School of Public Health. His past research has focused on the process of policy development and implementation, assessment of medical technology, evaluation and use of vaccines, and dissemination of medical innovations. Dr. Fineberg helped found and served as president of the Society for Medical Decision Making and has been a consultant to the World Health Organization. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_046_DURM_Fineberg_01.mp3 Wed, 10 Dec 2014 19:14:00 GMT 27:00 Risks and Benefits of Potential Pandemic Pathogen Creation Marc Lipsitch, Harvard University, Boston Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 10.12.2014 Marc Lipsitch, Professor of Epidemiology and Director of the Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics (CCDD) at Harvard School of Public Health, talks about risks and benefits of potential pandemic pathogen creation. He focusses on enhancing transmissibility in mammalian model hosts of avian influenza viruses. Lipsitch analyses enhanced flu viruses with a nearly unique combination of hazardous properties and describes laboratory accidents leading to onward transmission. In his talk he also provides statistics about accidental infections in high security laboratories, the general risk of lab-associated infections, and the probability of pandemics caused by incidents during laboratory research. He also talks about scientific freedom, benefits from certain possibly dangerous experiments, and alternative ways to study and defeat diseases. Lipsitch has authored over 200 papers on the impact of medical and public health interventions on the spread and evolution of pathogens, and the consequences for human health. His research combines population genomics, epidemiology and mathematical modeling with molecular biology, immunology and animal experiments. He has advised the governments of the US, Mexico, and Canada and the World Health Organization and holds a BA in philosophy (Yale University) and a DPhil in zoology (Oxford University). Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_050_DURM_Lipsitch.mp3 Wed, 10 Dec 2014 15:19:00 GMT 27:47 Vaccines: How Protection is Elicited? Adel Mahmoud, Princeton University Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 10.12.2014 The main focus of Adel A. F. Mahmoud’s talk is out on vaccines, their value, use, and still limited knowledge of the underlying biological processes. He describes the dual nature of immune responses in general as well as current assessments of influenza vaccines in particular. Mahmoud is a Professor at Princeton University and has recently retired as President of Merck Vaccines. Prior to that, he served at Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland as chairman of medicine and physician-in-chief. Dr. Mahmoud's academic pursuits focused on investigations of host resistance to infections. At Merck, he led the effort to develop four new vaccines including: combination of Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella; Rota Virus; Shingles; Human Papillomavirus. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and is a past president of the International Society for Infectious Diseases. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_049_DURM_Mahmoud.mp3 Wed, 10 Dec 2014 15:16:00 GMT 20:36 Problems with Avian Influenza GOF Virology Simon Wain-Hobson, Institut Pasteur, Paris Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 10.12.2014 In his talk Simon Wain-Hobson explains among other things the results of selective screening of ferrets that were deliberately infected with viruses and compares them to the likely evolution by natural selection. He elucidates the transferability of findings to other virus strains and the limits of animal models. Wain-Hobson points out risks as well as benefits from this kind of research like pandemic preparedness by predicting influenza evolution or the ability of making and stockpiling drugs. He also discusses if these theoretical benefits correspond to recent experiences in science and medicine. Wain-Hobson obtained his DPhil in biophysics from the University of Oxford. After his Ph.D. he moved to Paris where he switched to human virology, notably the AIDS virus HIV, from the earliest hour. Being the first to publish its genetic map his group went on to show that it evolved from a chimpanzee virus. He is Professor at the Institut Pasteur, a member of the EMBO, Academia Europaea and is Director of the French papillomavirus reference laboratory. He is presently Board Chair of the Foundation for Vaccine Research in Washington DC. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_048_DURM_Hobson.mp3 Wed, 10 Dec 2014 15:12:00 GMT 25:36 Influenza Viruses - Facts, not Fear Peter Palese, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York Speech at the Herrenhausen Symposium "Dual Use Research on Microbes: Biosafety, Biosecurity, Responsibility", 10.12.2014 Peter Palese is Professor of Microbiology and Chair of the Department of Microbiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. He talks about the impact of viral diseases on human health and points out the facts about zoonotic viral infections, e.g. avian influenza viruses. He gives statistics like the cumulative number of confirmed human cases of avian influenza A(H5N1) and tells his view on the question if the virus effectively transmits from human to human. Peter Palese’s research is in the area of RNA-containing viruses with a special emphasis on influenza viruses. Specifically, he established the first genetic maps for influenza A, B, and C viruses and his laboratory was the first to develop reverse genetics for negative strand RNA viruses. He is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences, a Member of the Institute of Medicine, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141210_SU_047_DURM_Palese.mp3 Wed, 10 Dec 2014 15:08:00 GMT 23:52 Environmental Microbes in the Hygiene Hypothesis Harald Renz, University of Marburg Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Beyond the Intestinal Microbiome – From Signatures to Therapy", 10.10.2014 Overwhelming evidence indicates a strong impact of environmental microbes on the programming and the development of (early) immune responses. Based on clinical and epidemiological data, a certain exposure of environmental microbes – particularly of bacteria – seems to be an important pre-requisite for programming immune responses towards the tolerance default program. Such programming on the level of the adaptive immune responses is necessary, and required in order to prevent unwanted (chronic) inflammatory diseases and many autoimmune diseases. The grand challenge is to define the appropriate microbial environment on the cellular and molecular level in order to delineate the underlying mechanism of microbe-host interaction. Microbial diversity is one important finding the scientific community largely agrees upon. Conversely, reduced diversity is closely linked to several clinical phenotypes that precede the clinical onset of the disease, suggesting a cause-effect relationship. This concept implies the loss of evolutionary co-evolved microbial strains and is the result of changes in lifestyle condition. The great challenge is to delineate the molecular pathomechanism of gene-environment interactions and the impact of microbial communities on this complex and intimate relationship. Therefore, it is urgently needed to move this research field towards translational activities. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141008_SU_039_HK_Renz.mp3 Fri, 10 Oct 2014 10:51:00 GMT 29:51 Games Between Microbes with Rules Set by the Host? Prof. Dr. Arne Traulsen, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Beyond the Intestinal Microbiome – From Signatures to Therapy", 09.10.2014 Evolutionary game theory provides a powerful way to think about interactions between different phenotypes. This mathematical approach allows us to make very general statements about the stability of communities, and is particularly powerful for analyzing the interplay of competition and cooperation and the emergence of polymorphisms. Can this theory be applied to microbial communities in the gut? A combination of simple models and experimental data shows that some general statements about the dynamics in such communities can be made, but a bottom up approach based on transparent mathematical models requires a different view on the data, and in some cases laborious experiments. Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141009_SU_040_HK_Traulsen.mp3 Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:48:00 GMT 28:55 Diet, Gut Microbiota and Western Lifestyle Diseases Charles R. Mackay, Monash University Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Beyond the Intestinal Microbiome – From Signatures to Therapy", 09.10.2014 Human disease is affected by diet, as well as by the composition of the gut microbiota, through poorly understood mechanisms. One of the major activities of commensal microbes is digestion of dietary fibre to yield short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Deficiency of dietary fibre, in particular, has been associated with increased mortality due to various diseases. Decreasing amounts of fibre intake in western countries is one hypothesis for the increased incidences of certain inflammatory diseases. The burning questions in the field of dietary metabolites to be addressed in future studies are: What is the relative importance of metabolite-sensing GPCRs versus HDACs for gut health and human disease? How important are metabolites such as SCFAs for a ‘developmental origin’ of disease, i.e. diseases that are put in train in utero or during breast feeding, and which may have an epigenetic basis? What are all the metabolites of beneficial bacteria, and are non-bacterially produced metabolites important as well? Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141009_SU_038_HK_Mackay.mp3 Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT 28:39 The Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease Karsten Kristiansen, University of Copenhagen and BGI-ShenzhenSpeech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Beyond the Intestinal Microbiome – From Signatures to Therapy", 08.10.2014The importance of the gut microbiota for regulation of metabolism and immune functions is well established, and evidence has been presented that the gut microbiota may also affect behavior. However, the exact molecular mechanisms by which bacteria in the gut exert their actions still remain elusive.Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen FoundationScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20141008_SU_037_HK_Kristiansen.mp3 Wed, 08 Oct 2014 10:40:00 GMT 51:22 Innovations - Managing Risk, not Avoiding it Public Lecture: Sir Mark Jeremy Walport, UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser Moderation: Dr. Wilhelm Krull, Generalsekretär VolkswagenStiftung Heilsbringer oder Unheilstifter? Wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse, neue Technologien und innovative Verfahren können häufig sowohl nutzen als auch schaden. Doch wie lässt sich bewerten, in welche Richtung das Pendel ausschlägt, wenn eine Technologie sich verbreitet? Sir Mark Jeremy Walport gab bei einem öffentlichen Abendvortrag am 19. September im Tagungszentrum Schloss Herrenhausen Antworten auf diese und weitere Fragen. Der Vortrag fand im Rahmen eines forschungs- und hochschulpolitischen Werkstattgesprächs in Kooperation mit der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft vom 19. bis 20. September 2014 mit dem Titel "Couragiert – Risikobereit – Fehlertolerant: Wie kreativ und innovativ ist Europa?" statt. Foto: Chris Harker für VolkswagenStiftung ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20140919_SU_030_ManagingRisk.mp3 Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:31:00 GMT 1:03:32 Digital Humanities 2013: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, professor for Internet Governance and Regulation at the Internet Institute at Oxford University Everyone everywhere nowadays collects data – be it text, audio or images. But collecting is one thing, what theses masses of data are good for, is a completely different question. What can we actually do with “big data”? This is the central question of Viktor Mayer-Schönberger’s talk. Photo: Volker Crone ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20131205_SU_008_Mayer-Schoenberger_02.mp3 Wed, 04 Dec 2013 23:00:00 GMT 21:29 Digital Humanities 2013: Jeffrey T. Schnapp Jeffrey T. Schnapp, Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University In his talk, Jeffrey T. Schnapp lays out the many possibilities created by our current flood of data. He explains how libraries are changing and how museums are suddenly able to tell stories that couldn’t be told before. The question we should be thinking about is: How can we give these data a culturally meaningful form? Photo: Volker Crone ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20131205_SU_007_Schnapp_02.mp3 Wed, 04 Dec 2013 23:00:00 GMT 45:26 The Importance of Access to Professional Training and Higher Education Shoshona Zuboff, Social Psychologist, Harvard Business School Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Re-Thinking Social Inequality", 15.05.2014. In the transition to an information civilization, there is one central question: Will we be the masters of information, or will we be its slaves? The answer depends to a large extend on how we, as a society, create access to education, and what form this education has. This is what Shoshana Zuboff explores in her talk for the Volkswagen Foundation. Photo: Mathias Schumacher ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130514_SU_XXX_Zuboff.mp3 Wed, 15 May 2013 13:51:00 GMT 41:52 Market Liberalism, Marginalized Citizens and the Counter-Movements in India Dr. Sarbeswar Sahoo, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, India Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Re-Thinking Social Inequality", 14.05.2014. Sarbeswar Sahoo was 1 of 45 young researchers who were invited by the Volkswagen Foundation to participate at the conference. In his talk he explains how the failure of the economic reforms to benefit the poor has given rise to several counter-movements: Reactionary, reformist, welfarist and political movements all try to make the poor benefit from India's growth. Photo: Mathias Schumacher ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130513_SU_XXX_Sahoo.mp3 Tue, 14 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT 16:16 Re-Imaging Equality: Reflections on Civil Society and Markets John Keane, Political Scientist, University of Sydney and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Re-Thinking Social Inequality", 14.05.2014. John Keane looks at the history of the relation between civil society and capitalism. Markets, he says, produce communities of friends. But at the same time, they create competition and disfunction, for example, when large conglomerations of power produce mega-projects. If those go wrong, the effects on civil society are catastrophic - just think of the Deep Water Horizon oil spill or Fukushima. Photo: Mathias Schumacher ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130513_SU_XXX_Keane.mp3 Tue, 14 May 2013 13:37:00 GMT 39:46 Democracy and Social Equity: Potential Tensions Paul Collier, Economist, Oxford University Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Re-Thinking Social Inequality", 14.05.2014. In his talk for the Volkswagen Foundation, Collier gives one central and provocative argument for why the extremly poor stay poor: "Democracy", he says, "fails to counter the forces of inequality". According to Collier, democracy is by nature a divisive power and does not produce the identities, narratives and norms that are necessary to create more equality. Photo: Mathias Schumacher ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130513_SU_XXX_Collier.mp3 Tue, 14 May 2013 13:18:00 GMT 40:00 Mental Health: "Mental Health Equity" by Pamela Y. Collins Pamela Y. Collins, National Institute of Mental Health, USAIn her talk, Pamela Y. Coolins argues that we have to look at mental disorders from a global perspective. Poverty, violence and migration have different effects on the mental health of the population in different countries. Collins is calling for a true collaboration between rich and poor countries, and for engaging the global public health community. Collins argues that this is the only way to better understand the causes of mental disorders and to fight them.Photo: David Carreno HansenScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130403_SU_011_Collins_01.mp3 Tue, 02 Apr 2013 22:01:00 GMT 34:42 Conflicts of Interest in Public Health Fiona Godlee, editor in chief, British Medical Journal, London In 2009 a flu pandemic started: The H1N1 virus, more commonly known as the “swine flu” was on the rise. The British government spent over 500 million pounds to stockpile the anti-viral drug oseltamivir, better known under its brand name “Tamiflu”. The problem is: Oseltamivir seems to not do anything to significantly reduce the effects of the flu... How is it possible that governments worldwide spent millions of dollars on a drug that had not been sufficiently proven to be effective? This is the story at the heart of Fiona Godlee’s talk “Conflicts of Interest in Public Health”. Photo: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a3/Tamiflu_75mg_german_closeup.jpg by Alcibiades (Own Work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20130304_SU_027_Godlee_Interessenkonflikte_01.mp3 Mon, 04 Mar 2013 15:29:00 GMT 58:33 Limits to Growth: Feeling a bit uneasy? Dennis L. Meadows, Laboratory of Interactive Learning, New Hampshire, USA A bit more then 40 years ago, a small group of researches at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston dared to look into the future. They summarized their results in a book that would become one of the most influential texts of the 20th century: "The Limits to Growth". One of its leading authors was the economist Dennis L. Meadows. 40 years later, the Volkswagen Foundation organized a conference with the title: “Already Beyond? 40 Years Limits to Growth”. During the conference experts looked at the effects of the study and what it means for us today. Dennis L. Meadows gave the opening address. Photo: Fabian Fiechter ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/uploads/tx_itaojwplayer/20121128_SU_010_Meadows_02.mp3 Wed, 28 Nov 2012 16:25:00 GMT 22:03