Grants 2008

Grants 2008

 

"The flow of life": 150 years of evolution theory, on show in Stuttgart

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

In 2009 the Foundation will support a major exhibition to be held on the occasion of Darwin Year in the Museum of Natural History Stuttgart. This large show will reflect the significance of evolution theory and illustrate the current state of the art on the basis of carefully selected examples taken from evolution research in progress. The form of the exhibition is oriented on Darwin’s voyage of discovery and in particular on his ship, the Beagle, a stylish reproduction of which occupies central place in the spatial order of the exhibition. Contributors are the Universities of Stuttgart and Hohenheim as well as Stuttgart’s Wilhelma Zoological and Botanical Garden. In the two weeks leading up to the exhibition the contributing universities will be running a summer school on the topic of evolutionary biology. The exhibition will be accompanied later on the Internet by a dedicated website, which will contain additional background information and teaching material on the subject of evolution.  

Contact:
Naturkundemuseum Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Johanna Eder
Phone: 0711 8936-115
Fax: 0711 8936-100
Homepage: http://www.naturkundemuseum-bw.de/stuttgart

* * * *

"Experience evolution" – underway with a streetcar in Cologne

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 9 months

The central idea of this project is to decorate the inside and outside of a streetcar with the evolution theme. As an integral part of their courses, students from the Departments of Biology and Art at Cologne University will join together with the Cologne artist Volker Saul to work on the content and design. For several hours each day the streetcar will be underway on different routes within the city on the Rhine. Whereby the streetcar’s exterior appearance publicizes the evolution theme and arouses people’s curiosity when passing by, once inside the passengers will be exposed to information on the evolution theme via the attractively designed seating accommodation–knowledge dissemination almost by way of chance. Special trips will simulate a time journey through 400 million years of the earth’s history, illustrating important stages along the evolutionary path of life on earth.

The organizers are the Institute for Genetics (evolutionary genetics) and the Institute for Art and Theory of Art at the University of Cologne as well as KölnPUB – Publikum und Biotechnologie e. V. The project is also being sponsored by Kölner Verkehrs-Betrieben AG, who are providing the streetcar, and Kölner Außenwerbung GmbH, providing technical assistance. Passengers will be escorted on some special trips by Darwin Scouts, whose task will be to elucidate and answer questions on the evolution theme. The so-called “scouts” are pupils of Kreuzgasse Highschool in Cologne. Furthermore, there are plans to show films in the streetcar featuring certain aspects of evolution. The festive roll-out is on 12the February 2009; the streetcar will then be underway for a full year.

Contact:
Universität zu Köln
Institut für Genetik
PD Dr. Daniel Dreesmann
Zülpicher Straße 47
50674 Köln
Phone: 0221 4705661

Institut für Kunst und Kunsttheorie
Professorin Silke Leverkühne
Gronewaldstraße 2
50931 Köln
Phone: 0221 4704702

* * * *

"Evolution creates variety": an exhibition at IKEA in Hanover

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 2 years

On the occasion of Darwin Year and in collaboration with IKEA Hanover, a group of initiators from the Universities of Hanover, Oldenburg and Frankfurt am Main are planning an exhibition of a special kind–in the middle of the furniture store’s showrooms. Visitors to the store–many of whom will have preconceived visions of the evolution theme–will be able to decide themselves which exhibits to visit. The idea is to encourage playful interaction with the exhibits, developing an awareness of what evolution entails as well as illustrating the significance of evolution for our everyday lives.

The aisles which lead visitors through the store will be enhanced with a number of differently designed methodical and thematic stations, forming an “evolutionary pathway”, intentionally referring to commonly held conceptions. Associations to the offered products and the choice of products become apparent: for instance, the evolutionary connection between the themes of “variation”, “selection” and “adaptation”. The exhibition is designed in such a way as to allow visitors manifold access points and selective use of the items on show–thus allowing for the situation in which the surprised visitors may find themselves. The initiators have also allowed for the different needs of the user, providing activities in the form of games and other interactive offers.

Beside the “everyday use” of the exhibition on the part of random shoppers, it is planned to organize tours for special groups before the store opens to the public, by means of which the biology instructors hope to achieve a more direct impact and to gather useful experience. They also hope that after the presentation in Hanover the idea will be picked up by IKEA stores at other locations–possibly becoming a touring exhibition. Cooperation partners include Erhard Friedrich-Verlag in Hannover-Velber (accompanying printed matter) as well as Niedersächsische Landesmuseum in Hannover and the Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum in Frankfurt am Main, who are contributing the exhibits

Contact:
Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften (IDN)
Professor Dr. Harald Gropengießer
Bismarckstraße 1
30173 Hannover
Phone: 0511-762 8571
Fax: 0511-762 8418

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften (IDN)
Dr. Jorge Groß
Phone: 0511-762 8509

Universität Oldenburg
Didaktisches Zentrum
Didaktik der Biologie
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Kattmann
Ammerländer Heerstr. 114-118
26129 Oldenburg
Phone: 04486-8261

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Abt. Didaktik der Biowissenschaften
Dr. Annette Scheersoi
Sophienstrasse 1-3
60487 Frankfurt/Main
Phone: 069-798 28323

* * * *

“Darwin Rocks”: The entertaining music video “Struggle for Love”

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

Presenting ideas on evolution in an innovative, creative way and at the same time appealing to a young public: that is the aim shared by the project team at the Chair for Evolutionary Ecology of Animals at the University of Tübingen. The central project feature is the production of a music clip entitled “Struggle for Love”. The music follows an evolutionary process. What does that mean? Beginning with a minimal sound linked up in a process of simple genetics, mutation, recombination and heredity, a special program generates a population of musical pieces which are then subjected to a process of selection – this is where the choice of the listeners comes into play – and subsequently reintroduced into the process. Thus, in a sort of evolutionary process it is the listeners themselves who finally create the musical piece via their concentration on or rejection of particular pieces of the melody – although the actual process is far more complicated than can be described here. The lyrics portray a tough but amusing story on the affair of love, in which topics of evolutionary biology are inextricably involved. The aim is to remove some of the more blatant classical misconceptions and emphasize that: Love is everything, but environmental constraints are so massive that a “free choice” becomes very restricted indeed. The story is visualized by a number of colourful clips and the music video will finally be released as a simple clip on YouTube. Professional technical assistance in the production of sound and video is provided by cooperation partners from the Faculty of Music Therapy of the University of Applied Sciences Heidelberg and the University of Television and Film Munich.

Contact:
Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsökologie der Tiere
Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels
Auf der Morgenstelle 28
72076 Tübingen
Phone: 07071-29 74649
Fax: 07071-29 5634
Homepage: http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/evoeco

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Suska Sahm
Phone: 07071-29 74841

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Johannes Faber
Phone: 07071-29 7573557

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Gregor Schulte
Phone: 07071-29 74653

* * * *

Off to Bielefeld zoo: “Darwin leads a trip through Olderdissen”

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

This joint project involving a number of cooperation partners in Bielefeld is located at the interface between biology and art. The aim is to bring the evolution theme nearer to a broad public. What could be more suitable than a zoo? And one which attracts 500,000 visitors per year, making it the most-visited free zoo in Germany. The realization will take place in the Olderdissen Zoo. It will involve an integrated concept comprising opening week, billboards and modern audio-visual guides with staggered depths of information, guided tours through a zoo school and an exhibition. A large number of evolutionary phenomena will be depicted by means of the zoo animals themselves; thus, a visit to the zoo will be discretely combined with an educational experience. The central feature will be the week dedicated to Darwin Year, with a program for children, open-air cinema, special events for visitors, as well as guided tours and an exhibition on the evolution theme involving Bielefeld artists and students. The special promotion week will also feature a wood-carving workshop for students. Cooperation partners are the Departments of Art and Music, Proteom and Metabolom Research, Didactics of Biology, and Applied Neuro Informatics at Bielfeld University, together with Heimat-Tierpark Olderdissen – and the Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, represented by the Department of Media Informatics.

Contact:
Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Linguistik u. Literaturwissenschaft
Abt. Kunst & Musik
Studienrätin Heike Thienenkamp
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1066075
Fax: 0521-1068082

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Genetik
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Karsten Niehaus
Phone: 0521-1065631

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Professor Dr. Norbert Grotjohann
Phone: 0521-1065506

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Dr. Antje Fischer
Phone: 0521-10667189

Universität Bielefeld
Technische Fakultät
Lehrstuhl f. Angewandte Neuroinformatik
Professor Dr. Tim W. Nattkemper
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone.: 0521-1066059

* * * *

Awakening curiosity: Start of a touring exhibition in Osnabrück

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 10 months

This touring exhibition designed by project partners from Osnabrück and Bielefeld is “alive” even before it has begun. The main idea is prior to the opening to gradually introduce some of the design elements which will eventually form an important part of the actual exhibition. Following their initial performance, these “events ex-ante”–for instance theatrical and musical events–will subsequently undergo refinement so they can be included in the exhibition to come: work in progress at its best. Sculptors come to grips with the evolution theme, musicians compose an “evolution symphony”, teachers of dramatology create an “evolution theatre”, a photographer adopts the theme “evolution and variety” with schoolchildren, scenic readings round off the picture. In this way a bundle of events taking place in the first half of 2009 will build up to the start of the exhibition in Osnabrück later in the year. Many of the events will also be initiated at different locations beforehand–creating maximum publicity as part of a touring exhibition, which inevitably leads to reinvention due to its changing locations. Thus, over the years the evolution theme will be recurrently presented in ever changing forms. Another feature is the creation of an “evolution suitcase” for use in school biology classes, also intended to arouse interest in the exhibition. Main initiators are the Museum am Schölerberg in Osnabrück, the Biology Department at Bielelefeld University and Städtischen Bühnen Osnabrück; these institutions lead a number of contributors from the worlds of art and culture, which also includes the University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück.

Contact:
Museum am Schölerberg, Osnabrück
Natur und Umwelt
Planetarium
Umweltbildungszentrum
Norbert Niedernostheide
Am Schölerberg 8
49082 Osnabrück
Phone: 0541-5600345
Fax: 0541-5600337

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Abt. Evolutionsbiologie
Prof. Dr. Klaus Reinhold
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1062721

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät der Biologie
Lehrstuhl f. Exp. Ökologie u. Ökosystembiologie
Dr. Thomas Steinlein
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1065563

* * * *

Media dome Kiel: Learning between science and aesthetics

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

This joint project involving the Center for Multimedia at the Applied University of Kiel and the Botanical Garden at Kiel University features the fascination of the orchid. The aim is to provide a comprehensive review of the theme of evolution and Darwin’s theory of evolution on the basis of phenomena surrounding this versatile family of orchids. This is achieved in a projection dome – the Kiel media dome – by means of a completely new form of multimedia presentation. The core of this impressive experience is the creation of illusions in a 360°-by-90° surrounding scenery and a media-educational application. The experience is created by new technological developments currently applied in the “planetarium scene”, permitting spectators to interact with projected images. The media dome at the Applied University of Kiel is acclaimed as the leading European research laboratory for dome applications, and is as such predestined to take on this challenge.

A number of other planetaria in Germany have already expressed interest in exhibiting the show themselves. This project thus provides a unique opportunity to present a biological topic in planetary domes nationwide – opening up the theme of evolution to a public previously more interested in astronomical-physical topics. Visitors to the planetarium will be able to develop a feeling for the complexity and interconnectedness of life on our planet, to what extent very small things interplay, and how all the multiplicity of life which surrounds us in system earth has evolved – and continues to evolve. At the same time the project provides a link in the itinerary of even the most conventionally oriented planetarien.

Contact:
Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Eduard Thomas
Sokratesplatz 6
24149 Kiel
Phone: 0431-2101721
Fax: 0431-21061721
Homepage: www.fh-kiel.de

Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Professor Dr. Franziska Uhing
Phone: 0431-2104514

Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Peter Hertling
Phone: 0431-2104518

VBIO-Verband Biologie, Biowissenschaften und Biomedizin in Deutschland e.V.
VBIO - Landesverband Schleswig-Holstein/Hamburg
Universität Kiel
Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten
Ohlshausenstraße 40
24098 Kiel
Dr. Martin Nickol
Phone: 0431-8804273

* * * *

Evolution of life: Videos and animated films for schoolchildren

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 8 months

A young team of researchers and filmmakers from Munich and Poitiers in France will produce three short videos and three animated films on the topic of evolution for dissemination via the Internet (YouTube), museums and festivals. The films depict evolutionary topics in an innovative and entertaining way; presenting the young Charles Darwin in an animated film, for instance, or looking over the shoulders of researchers in search of a particular set of genes. Furthermore, it is planned to create a series of teaching support simulations, allowing pupils to work in the same way as experimenting scientists. All these formats share the common aim of developing teaching materials capable of illustrating evolutionary-biological concepts to a specific target group and portraying evolutionary biology as a modern and relevant science. Production will begin early in the summer of 2008; the last of the films are expected to be finished by the beginning of 2009. Some of the productions are to be shown during trips with the Cologne “evolutionary streetcar”.

Contact:
Universität München
Biozentrum
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsbiologie
Dr. Pleuni S. Pennings
Großhaderner Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried
Phone: 089 218074234
Fax: 089 218074104
Homepage: http://www.zi.biologie.uni-muenchen.de

Yannick Mahe
Résidence Pégase Appt. 71
1, avenue Blaise Pascal
86360 Chasseneuil-du-Poitou
FRANCE
Phone: +33 549497822

* * * *

Symposium EMPSEB 2008

08.09.2008 - 13.09.2008 in Einsiedeln

University of Bern
Zoological Institute
Dept. Biology
Prof. Dr. Michael Taborsky
Wohlenstrasse 50a
3032 Hinterkappelen
SWITZERLAND
Tel.: +41-31-6319156
Fax: +41-31-6319141
Homepage: http://www.zoology.unibe.ch/behav/index_e.php

University of Bern
Zoological Institute
Verhaltensökologie
Kassier des OK "EMPSEB 2008"
Christoph Grüter
Wohlenstraße 50a
3032 Hinterkappelen
SCHWEIZ
Tel.: +41-31-6319161
Fax: +41-31-6319141

* * * *

Grants 2008

 

"The flow of life": 150 years of evolution theory, on show in Stuttgart

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

In 2009 the Foundation will support a major exhibition to be held on the occasion of Darwin Year in the Museum of Natural History Stuttgart. This large show will reflect the significance of evolution theory and illustrate the current state of the art on the basis of carefully selected examples taken from evolution research in progress. The form of the exhibition is oriented on Darwin’s voyage of discovery and in particular on his ship, the Beagle, a stylish reproduction of which occupies central place in the spatial order of the exhibition. Contributors are the Universities of Stuttgart and Hohenheim as well as Stuttgart’s Wilhelma Zoological and Botanical Garden. In the two weeks leading up to the exhibition the contributing universities will be running a summer school on the topic of evolutionary biology. The exhibition will be accompanied later on the Internet by a dedicated website, which will contain additional background information and teaching material on the subject of evolution.  

Contact:
Naturkundemuseum Stuttgart
Prof. Dr. Johanna Eder
Phone: 0711 8936-115
Fax: 0711 8936-100
Homepage: http://www.naturkundemuseum-bw.de/stuttgart

* * * *

"Experience evolution" – underway with a streetcar in Cologne

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 9 months

The central idea of this project is to decorate the inside and outside of a streetcar with the evolution theme. As an integral part of their courses, students from the Departments of Biology and Art at Cologne University will join together with the Cologne artist Volker Saul to work on the content and design. For several hours each day the streetcar will be underway on different routes within the city on the Rhine. Whereby the streetcar’s exterior appearance publicizes the evolution theme and arouses people’s curiosity when passing by, once inside the passengers will be exposed to information on the evolution theme via the attractively designed seating accommodation–knowledge dissemination almost by way of chance. Special trips will simulate a time journey through 400 million years of the earth’s history, illustrating important stages along the evolutionary path of life on earth.

The organizers are the Institute for Genetics (evolutionary genetics) and the Institute for Art and Theory of Art at the University of Cologne as well as KölnPUB – Publikum und Biotechnologie e. V. The project is also being sponsored by Kölner Verkehrs-Betrieben AG, who are providing the streetcar, and Kölner Außenwerbung GmbH, providing technical assistance. Passengers will be escorted on some special trips by Darwin Scouts, whose task will be to elucidate and answer questions on the evolution theme. The so-called “scouts” are pupils of Kreuzgasse Highschool in Cologne. Furthermore, there are plans to show films in the streetcar featuring certain aspects of evolution. The festive roll-out is on 12the February 2009; the streetcar will then be underway for a full year.

Contact:
Universität zu Köln
Institut für Genetik
PD Dr. Daniel Dreesmann
Zülpicher Straße 47
50674 Köln
Phone: 0221 4705661

Institut für Kunst und Kunsttheorie
Professorin Silke Leverkühne
Gronewaldstraße 2
50931 Köln
Phone: 0221 4704702

* * * *

"Evolution creates variety": an exhibition at IKEA in Hanover

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 2 years

On the occasion of Darwin Year and in collaboration with IKEA Hanover, a group of initiators from the Universities of Hanover, Oldenburg and Frankfurt am Main are planning an exhibition of a special kind–in the middle of the furniture store’s showrooms. Visitors to the store–many of whom will have preconceived visions of the evolution theme–will be able to decide themselves which exhibits to visit. The idea is to encourage playful interaction with the exhibits, developing an awareness of what evolution entails as well as illustrating the significance of evolution for our everyday lives.

The aisles which lead visitors through the store will be enhanced with a number of differently designed methodical and thematic stations, forming an “evolutionary pathway”, intentionally referring to commonly held conceptions. Associations to the offered products and the choice of products become apparent: for instance, the evolutionary connection between the themes of “variation”, “selection” and “adaptation”. The exhibition is designed in such a way as to allow visitors manifold access points and selective use of the items on show–thus allowing for the situation in which the surprised visitors may find themselves. The initiators have also allowed for the different needs of the user, providing activities in the form of games and other interactive offers.

Beside the “everyday use” of the exhibition on the part of random shoppers, it is planned to organize tours for special groups before the store opens to the public, by means of which the biology instructors hope to achieve a more direct impact and to gather useful experience. They also hope that after the presentation in Hanover the idea will be picked up by IKEA stores at other locations–possibly becoming a touring exhibition. Cooperation partners include Erhard Friedrich-Verlag in Hannover-Velber (accompanying printed matter) as well as Niedersächsische Landesmuseum in Hannover and the Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum in Frankfurt am Main, who are contributing the exhibits

Contact:
Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften (IDN)
Professor Dr. Harald Gropengießer
Bismarckstraße 1
30173 Hannover
Phone: 0511-762 8571
Fax: 0511-762 8418

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften (IDN)
Dr. Jorge Groß
Phone: 0511-762 8509

Universität Oldenburg
Didaktisches Zentrum
Didaktik der Biologie
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Kattmann
Ammerländer Heerstr. 114-118
26129 Oldenburg
Phone: 04486-8261

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Abt. Didaktik der Biowissenschaften
Dr. Annette Scheersoi
Sophienstrasse 1-3
60487 Frankfurt/Main
Phone: 069-798 28323

* * * *

“Darwin Rocks”: The entertaining music video “Struggle for Love”

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

Presenting ideas on evolution in an innovative, creative way and at the same time appealing to a young public: that is the aim shared by the project team at the Chair for Evolutionary Ecology of Animals at the University of Tübingen. The central project feature is the production of a music clip entitled “Struggle for Love”. The music follows an evolutionary process. What does that mean? Beginning with a minimal sound linked up in a process of simple genetics, mutation, recombination and heredity, a special program generates a population of musical pieces which are then subjected to a process of selection – this is where the choice of the listeners comes into play – and subsequently reintroduced into the process. Thus, in a sort of evolutionary process it is the listeners themselves who finally create the musical piece via their concentration on or rejection of particular pieces of the melody – although the actual process is far more complicated than can be described here. The lyrics portray a tough but amusing story on the affair of love, in which topics of evolutionary biology are inextricably involved. The aim is to remove some of the more blatant classical misconceptions and emphasize that: Love is everything, but environmental constraints are so massive that a “free choice” becomes very restricted indeed. The story is visualized by a number of colourful clips and the music video will finally be released as a simple clip on YouTube. Professional technical assistance in the production of sound and video is provided by cooperation partners from the Faculty of Music Therapy of the University of Applied Sciences Heidelberg and the University of Television and Film Munich.

Contact:
Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsökologie der Tiere
Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels
Auf der Morgenstelle 28
72076 Tübingen
Phone: 07071-29 74649
Fax: 07071-29 5634
Homepage: http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/evoeco

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Suska Sahm
Phone: 07071-29 74841

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Johannes Faber
Phone: 07071-29 7573557

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Gregor Schulte
Phone: 07071-29 74653

* * * *

Off to Bielefeld zoo: “Darwin leads a trip through Olderdissen”

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

This joint project involving a number of cooperation partners in Bielefeld is located at the interface between biology and art. The aim is to bring the evolution theme nearer to a broad public. What could be more suitable than a zoo? And one which attracts 500,000 visitors per year, making it the most-visited free zoo in Germany. The realization will take place in the Olderdissen Zoo. It will involve an integrated concept comprising opening week, billboards and modern audio-visual guides with staggered depths of information, guided tours through a zoo school and an exhibition. A large number of evolutionary phenomena will be depicted by means of the zoo animals themselves; thus, a visit to the zoo will be discretely combined with an educational experience. The central feature will be the week dedicated to Darwin Year, with a program for children, open-air cinema, special events for visitors, as well as guided tours and an exhibition on the evolution theme involving Bielefeld artists and students. The special promotion week will also feature a wood-carving workshop for students. Cooperation partners are the Departments of Art and Music, Proteom and Metabolom Research, Didactics of Biology, and Applied Neuro Informatics at Bielfeld University, together with Heimat-Tierpark Olderdissen – and the Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, represented by the Department of Media Informatics.

Contact:
Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Linguistik u. Literaturwissenschaft
Abt. Kunst & Musik
Studienrätin Heike Thienenkamp
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1066075
Fax: 0521-1068082

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Genetik
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Karsten Niehaus
Phone: 0521-1065631

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Professor Dr. Norbert Grotjohann
Phone: 0521-1065506

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Dr. Antje Fischer
Phone: 0521-10667189

Universität Bielefeld
Technische Fakultät
Lehrstuhl f. Angewandte Neuroinformatik
Professor Dr. Tim W. Nattkemper
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone.: 0521-1066059

* * * *

Awakening curiosity: Start of a touring exhibition in Osnabrück

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 10 months

This touring exhibition designed by project partners from Osnabrück and Bielefeld is “alive” even before it has begun. The main idea is prior to the opening to gradually introduce some of the design elements which will eventually form an important part of the actual exhibition. Following their initial performance, these “events ex-ante”–for instance theatrical and musical events–will subsequently undergo refinement so they can be included in the exhibition to come: work in progress at its best. Sculptors come to grips with the evolution theme, musicians compose an “evolution symphony”, teachers of dramatology create an “evolution theatre”, a photographer adopts the theme “evolution and variety” with schoolchildren, scenic readings round off the picture. In this way a bundle of events taking place in the first half of 2009 will build up to the start of the exhibition in Osnabrück later in the year. Many of the events will also be initiated at different locations beforehand–creating maximum publicity as part of a touring exhibition, which inevitably leads to reinvention due to its changing locations. Thus, over the years the evolution theme will be recurrently presented in ever changing forms. Another feature is the creation of an “evolution suitcase” for use in school biology classes, also intended to arouse interest in the exhibition. Main initiators are the Museum am Schölerberg in Osnabrück, the Biology Department at Bielelefeld University and Städtischen Bühnen Osnabrück; these institutions lead a number of contributors from the worlds of art and culture, which also includes the University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück.

Contact:
Museum am Schölerberg, Osnabrück
Natur und Umwelt
Planetarium
Umweltbildungszentrum
Norbert Niedernostheide
Am Schölerberg 8
49082 Osnabrück
Phone: 0541-5600345
Fax: 0541-5600337

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät für Biologie
Abt. Evolutionsbiologie
Prof. Dr. Klaus Reinhold
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1062721

Universität Bielefeld
Fakultät der Biologie
Lehrstuhl f. Exp. Ökologie u. Ökosystembiologie
Dr. Thomas Steinlein
Universitätsstraße 25
33615 Bielefeld
Phone: 0521-1065563

* * * *

Media dome Kiel: Learning between science and aesthetics

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year

This joint project involving the Center for Multimedia at the Applied University of Kiel and the Botanical Garden at Kiel University features the fascination of the orchid. The aim is to provide a comprehensive review of the theme of evolution and Darwin’s theory of evolution on the basis of phenomena surrounding this versatile family of orchids. This is achieved in a projection dome – the Kiel media dome – by means of a completely new form of multimedia presentation. The core of this impressive experience is the creation of illusions in a 360°-by-90° surrounding scenery and a media-educational application. The experience is created by new technological developments currently applied in the “planetarium scene”, permitting spectators to interact with projected images. The media dome at the Applied University of Kiel is acclaimed as the leading European research laboratory for dome applications, and is as such predestined to take on this challenge.

A number of other planetaria in Germany have already expressed interest in exhibiting the show themselves. This project thus provides a unique opportunity to present a biological topic in planetary domes nationwide – opening up the theme of evolution to a public previously more interested in astronomical-physical topics. Visitors to the planetarium will be able to develop a feeling for the complexity and interconnectedness of life on our planet, to what extent very small things interplay, and how all the multiplicity of life which surrounds us in system earth has evolved – and continues to evolve. At the same time the project provides a link in the itinerary of even the most conventionally oriented planetarien.

Contact:
Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Eduard Thomas
Sokratesplatz 6
24149 Kiel
Phone: 0431-2101721
Fax: 0431-21061721
Homepage: www.fh-kiel.de

Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Professor Dr. Franziska Uhing
Phone: 0431-2104514

Fachhochschule Kiel
Zentrum für Multimedia
Mediendom
Peter Hertling
Phone: 0431-2104518

VBIO-Verband Biologie, Biowissenschaften und Biomedizin in Deutschland e.V.
VBIO - Landesverband Schleswig-Holstein/Hamburg
Universität Kiel
Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten
Ohlshausenstraße 40
24098 Kiel
Dr. Martin Nickol
Phone: 0431-8804273

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Evolution of life: Videos and animated films for schoolchildren

Grant: 15.05.2008 Duration: 1 year 8 months

A young team of researchers and filmmakers from Munich and Poitiers in France will produce three short videos and three animated films on the topic of evolution for dissemination via the Internet (YouTube), museums and festivals. The films depict evolutionary topics in an innovative and entertaining way; presenting the young Charles Darwin in an animated film, for instance, or looking over the shoulders of researchers in search of a particular set of genes. Furthermore, it is planned to create a series of teaching support simulations, allowing pupils to work in the same way as experimenting scientists. All these formats share the common aim of developing teaching materials capable of illustrating evolutionary-biological concepts to a specific target group and portraying evolutionary biology as a modern and relevant science. Production will begin early in the summer of 2008; the last of the films are expected to be finished by the beginning of 2009. Some of the productions are to be shown during trips with the Cologne “evolutionary streetcar”.

Contact:
Universität München
Biozentrum
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsbiologie
Dr. Pleuni S. Pennings
Großhaderner Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried
Phone: 089 218074234
Fax: 089 218074104
Homepage: http://www.zi.biologie.uni-muenchen.de

Yannick Mahe
Résidence Pégase Appt. 71
1, avenue Blaise Pascal
86360 Chasseneuil-du-Poitou
FRANCE
Phone: +33 549497822

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Symposium EMPSEB 2008

08.09.2008 - 13.09.2008 in Einsiedeln

University of Bern
Zoological Institute
Dept. Biology
Prof. Dr. Michael Taborsky
Wohlenstrasse 50a
3032 Hinterkappelen
SWITZERLAND
Tel.: +41-31-6319156
Fax: +41-31-6319141
Homepage: http://www.zoology.unibe.ch/behav/index_e.php

University of Bern
Zoological Institute
Verhaltensökologie
Kassier des OK "EMPSEB 2008"
Christoph Grüter
Wohlenstraße 50a
3032 Hinterkappelen
SCHWEIZ
Tel.: +41-31-6319161
Fax: +41-31-6319141

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Workshop "Evolution across scales: Integrating Evolutionary Biology, Genomics and Geosciences"

26.05.2008 - 28.05.2008 in Potsdam

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24 - 25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775249
Fax: 0331 9775070

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Dipl. Biol. Laura Epp
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24-25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775250
Fax: 0331 9775070

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Doktorandenstipendium "Identification of early speciation genes in the invading parasite Anguillicola crassus"

Bewilligung: 22.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

A major reason for the high biodiversity of parasites is considered to be adaptive speciation after host-switching. Central to such a speciation process are genes which show differing fitnesses in the old and new hosts. Individual genomic regions, even without complete isolation of the diverging populations, cannot be freely exchanged when such genes are present. The swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus, which originally parasitized the Asian eel Anguilla japonica, was first reported from Europe in the early 1980s where it showed increased pathogenicity in its new European host Anguilla anguilla. Since then, significant changes in morphology and pathogenicity have occurred in this nematode. An expressed sequence tag (EST) approach is planned to be used for identifying genes differentially expressed in the two populations, based on the hypothesis that this class of genes may underpin the fitness differences observed. This is made possible by the striking recent advances in DNA-sequencing methods which can now be used to investigate the process of evolution over very short time periods.

Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. für Ökologie und Parasitologie
Emanuel Heitlinger

Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. Ökologie - Parasitologie
Prof. Dr. Horst Taraschewski

University of Edinburgh
School of Biological Sciences
Institute of Evolutionary Biology
Ashworth Laboratories
King's Building
Professor Mark Blaxter
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. für Ökologie und Parasitologie
Emanuel Heitlinger
Kornblumenstraße 13
76131 Karlsruhe
Tel.: 0721 608-3105
Fax: 0721 608-7655

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Doktorandenstipendium "Seed evolution and environmental adaptation - A comparative study of dormancy and endosperm weakening within the monophyletic clade Lepidium (Brassicaceae)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

Plant evolution and adaptation to the environment (climate, habitat) strongly relies on seed germination timing. The seed covering layers (endosperm and testa) are major determinants that delay or promote germination, e.g. by endosperm weakening. The endosperm in mature seeds thereby provides a new trait for studying tissue-gene-environment interactions. Arabidopsis seeds are too tiny for this type of study, but the bigger seeds of the closely related genus Lepidium (cress) provide an excellent model system for studying endosperm weakening and (coat) dormancy at the molecular and tissue-specific level. The genus Lepidium is one of the most important monophyletic clades of the Brassicaceae family, spread over four continents, present in a broad range of environmental conditions, and with seeds of distinct dormancy status. These advantages shall be exploited by comparing phylogenetically defined Lepidium species from different environments concerning seed (endosperm) structure, dormancy and defined endosperm weakening genes. This will provide novel insight into the role of endosperm weakening and coat dormancy in climatic adaptation during seed evolution. This work will further aim on studying chromosome rearrangements during Lepidium speciation and polyploidization by cytogenetics.

Universität Freiburg
Institut für Biologie II
Fabian Corlier
Schänzlestraße 1
79104 Freiburg

Universität Freiburg
Institut für Biologie II
Botanik/Pflanzenphysiologie
Privatdozent Dr. Gerhard Leubner
Schänzlestraße 1
79104 Freiburg i. Br.
Tel.: 0761 203-2936
Fax: 0761 203-2612
Homepage: www.seedbiology.de

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Doktorandenstipendium "Mortality crises and their influence on human life histories - An evolutionary perspective on historical family data from the 18th and 19th century (Krummhörn,Germany)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Life-history theory provides evolutionary explanations for numerous phenomena of human and animal life cycles. To date however, there have not been any studies on the impact of mortality crises on personal life histories in this context. On the basis of historical family data from the Krummhörn population (18 and 19 centuries), this project thesis attempts to investigate the impact of mortality crises on life histories. Of particular interest to this study is the question of whether the effects detected can be explained by life history theory. Two different aspects of mortality crises are to be analysed: 1. Epidemiological crises: What consequences for further survival result from a confrontation with a highly pathogenic environment (smallpox epidemic)? 2. Cases of death in the family: Are there psychological mechanisms (in terms of coping with contingency problems) that affect life-history strategies? Moreover, parental investment, as one example of a strategic trade-off decision, is to be analysed. In times of epidemiological stress or mortality experiences: Do parents favour male or female offspring? Finally, are there trans generational effects on fitness parameters or life-history traits? Is there an epigenetic manifestation of the experience of mortality crises?

Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Charlotte Störmer

Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Prof. Dr. Eckart Voland

University of Sheffield
Dept. of Animal and Plant Sciences
Dr. Virpi Lummaa
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und
Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Charlotte Störmer
Otto-Behaghel-Straße 10c
35394 Gießen

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Doktorandenstipendium "Conflict and conflict-resolution in termite societies"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Communities of social insects are the epitome of cooperation and altruism. Individuals forego their own reproduction and often victimize themselves for the good of their colony to increase the reproductive success of their relatives. More recently investigations on social hymenopterans (ants, some bees and wasps) however showed that often conflicts occur between colony members and furthermore that coercion and manipulation are major mechanisms for the suppression of conflicts and the maintenance of cooperation. Many conflicts arise due to the particular sex determination of hymenopterans, the haplodiploidy. The aim of this project is to examine conflicts and mechanisms of conflict resolution in diploid social organisms, with termites serving as a model system. Thus it should be pointed out how widespread conflicts are in diploid organisms, to which most higher organisms, including human beings, belong, and if cooperation is maintained through coercion and manipulation. This might also provide an important contribution to a better understanding of conflicts in human societies.

Universität Osnabrück
Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie
Gebäude 35-39
Katharina Hoffmann
Barbarastraße 11
49069 Osnabrück

Universität Regensburg
Biologie I
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Judith Korb
Universitätsstr. 31
93040 Regensburg
Tel.: 0941 943-2461
Fax: 0941 943-3304

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Doktorandenstipendium "Evolution of codon usage preferences: gentic drift within the own genome"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

This project is intended to study the evolution of codon preferences in horizontally transferred genes, the importance of codon usage as both cause and effect of molecular evolution of coding sequences, and how evolutionary pressures drive new acquired genes towards either optimal adaptation or towards loss. It is a multidisciplmary evolutionary project that combines experimental molecular biology with in silico biomformatics. This project proposes the study of the adaptation of newly transferred genes into foreign recipient genomes, find out whether and how codon usage influences the expression of these transferred genes, paying attention to the relation between genotype and phenotype, and monitor and analyse which are the sequence changes having occurred to the new genes in the new environment due to the amelioration process. The experimental model used in this project will be bacterial transformation with antibiotic resistance genes.

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Dolors Amorós Moya
Hüfferstraße 1
48143 Münster
Tel.: 0176 25802119

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Juniorprofessor Dr. Ignacio González Bravo
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 832-1027
Fax: 0251 832-4668

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Doktorandenstipendium "Tracing evolution: Molecular phylogeny of the Acochlidia (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The Acochlidia are a poorly known, basal opisthobranch gastropod group of Mesozoic origin. The only 35 acochlidian species reported worldwide show, however, an enormous biological and morphological diversity (e.g. hermaphrodism vs. gonochorism, aphallic vs. highly complex genital structures, marine/interstitial vs. limnic/benthic), and thus, a fascinating evolutionary history. This study plans to investigate the origin, phylogeny and evolution of the Acochlidia as a suitable invertebrate model taxon. Congruent, robust and plausible phylogenetic hypotheses shall be achieved using an "all species approach" on a molecular basis. Analyses of primary sequence data (mitochondrial and nuclear genes) are supported by investigating rare genomic changes (indels and tRNA gene order), as well as by "molecular-morphological" analysis of rRNA secondary structures. In combination with ongoing structural research, "optimal" data conditions shall be obtained for a real taxon, and the accuracy and efficiency of different markers and settings shall be explored exemplarily.

Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Katharina Jörger
Münchhausenstraße 21
81247 München

Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Dr. Michael Schrödl
Münchhausenstraße 21
81247 München
Tel.: 089 8107142

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Doktorandenstipendium "The origin and evolution of the signaling pathway of the plant hormone cytokinin"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Signal transduction systems are crucial for the life of all species from simple bacteria to higher animals and plants. They allow the organism to sense changes in its environment and react to those to ensure its survival. In more developed systems they are also vital to ensure that the developmental programs are established and executed correctly. Therefore it is not surprising that during evolution new signaling pathways have been acquired and existing ones have become more and more complex to fulfill the increasing need for regulation. The aim of the project is to contribute to our understanding of the molecular mechanism that underlie those evolutionary processes. As a model system the signaling system of the phytohormone cytokinin was chosen, as it is based on the two- component signaling system of bacteria and is well characterized and understood in higher plants. However, little is known about its evolution and virtually nothing about its origin. In the course of the proposed project two questions, where the basis of this signaling pathway is found and how it developed in the highly redundant pathway of higher plants, will be addressed.

Freie Universität Berlin
Institut für Biologie/Angewandte Genetik
Nijuscha Gruhn
Albert-Thaer-Weg 6
14195 Berlin

Freie Universität Berlin
Institut für Biologie/Angewandte Genetik
Dr. Alexander Heyl
Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 6
14195 Berlin
Tel.: 030 83-856550
Fax: 030 83-854345

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Doktorandenstipendium "Evolutionary characterization of antimicrobial peptides in the skin secretions of anuran amphibians"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Among tetrapods, amphibians are distinguished in part by their highly specialized and glandular skin. Whereas the moist permeable nature of#Z#
the skin enables key physiological functions such as cutaneous respiration, it simultaneously represents a prime route for infection. To counteract this, amphibians have developed an elaborate system of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) expressed in the skin glands. Although it is widely held that frogs (Anura) possess a common AMP system that is reasonably conserved, this view is influenced by the fact that the majority of data are stemming from Neobatrachia ("higher frogs"), where the degree of conservation is indeed high. Own preliminary investigations of available AMP cDNA data revealed the existence of two additional motifs in the two non-neobatrachian lineages ("Archeobatrachia" or "archaic frogs") sampled thus far. An open question, therefore, is whether these three highly distinct AMP systems within anurans have arisen independently or via punctuated evolution. The project aims to answer this question by characterizing the AMP system for the remaining major "archaeobatrachian" lineages to reconstruct the evolutionary history of this complex and vital defense system across anurans.

Universität Oldenburg
Institut für Biologie und Umweltwissenschaften
Enrico König
Ammerländer Heerstraße 114-118
26129 Oldenburg

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Dr. Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds
Erbertstraße 1
07743 Jena
Tel.: 03641 949-174
Fax: 03641 949-161

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Doktorandenstipendium "Geographic variation in genetic, morphological and behavioural traits in Granular Poison Frogs, Dendrobates granuliferus"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

This study aims to analyse genetic, morphological and behavioural geographic variation in the granular poison frog, Dendrobates granuliferus, in Pacific Costa Rica and Western Panama. The main purpose is to discover the reasons for colour polymorphism, common in Dendrobatidae, and how it is related to other phenotypic traits, genetic variation and differences in habitat structure. This species presents two main colour morphs, one with mainly red and larger individuals in the South, and a second one with mainly green and smaller frogs toward the North. Moreover, there are populations showing an intermediate bronze colour in a contact zone. Presumably the red populations are aposematic and the green populations are cryptic. Predation and mate choice experiments will be carried out to study the possible causes. Finally, population and genetic differentiation between colour morphs and the possible link between neutral markers and colour genes under selection will be investigated. This species is an optimal model to explore these puzzling topics since, in contrast to other dendrobatid species, the number of colour morphs is small.

Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule
Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Oscar Brusa

Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule
Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Professor Dr. Heike Pröhl

University of Cambridge
Dept. of Zoology
Dr. Nick Mundy
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Oscar Brusa
Bünteweg 17
30559 Hannover

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "The effects of sex on the coevolution and dynamics of a predator-prey system"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The evolution of sex is an important but still poorly understood topic in evolutionary biology and ecology even though we know that there are significant consequences for populations and communities. One of the main ideas for the evolution of sex is that sex is advantageous because it allows a population to co-evolve with another species (Red Queen Hypothesis). The present study will use an experimental system to investigate consequences of sex on the coevolution of predator and prey and on population dynamics. In particular, the predictions will be tested that short-term effects of sex are negative while on a long time scale the effect on fitness is positive for the population (here the predator). Furthermore, it will be analyzed how the number of episodes of sexual reproductions alters the short and long-term effects, and if sex is beneficial for the predator if the prey does not evolve. Observations over many generations will also reveal effects of sexual evolution on population dynamics.

Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Dr. Lutz Becks

University of Toronto
Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Professor Dr. Aneil Agrawal
KANADA

Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Prof. Dr. Hartmut Arndt

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Dr. Lutz Becks
Weyertal 119
83517 Köln

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Doktorandenstipendium "Adaptive radiation in an extreme environment - genetic population structure in antarctic notothenioids"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Genetic diversity, population structure and phylogeography of four species of Antarctic fish (Notothenioidei, Teleostei) across the Scotia Ridge shall be determined by investigating mitochondrial control region sequences, microsatellite markers, and sequences of the nuclear hemoglobine and antifreeze glycoprotein genes. The Antarctic Region fulfils most of the essential parameters of lakes containing radiations of fish and is therefore equivalent to a closed basin, providing a comparable opportunity for studying adaptive radiation within a confined area. Population genetic data are available for only a limited number of Antarctic fish species. Whether there is substantial genetic structure or not is of particular importance not only for the management of Antarctic fisheries but also for a general understanding of evolutionary pathways like the influence of geography, hydrography and reproduction mode on dispersal and speciation in the Antarctic environment.

Universität Basel
Zoologisches Institut
Michael Matschiner
SCHWEIZ

Universität Basel
Evolutionsbiologie
Zoologisches Institut
Professor Dr. Walter Salzburger
SCHWEIZ

Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften an der Universität Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR)
Marine Ökologie
Prof. Dr. Reinhold Hanel

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Basel
Zoologisches Institut
Michael Matschiner
Vesalgasse 1
4056 Basel
SCHWEIZ

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "Shades of black and grey. The genetic architecture of the European Crow hybrid zone"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The study of speciation mechanisms remains one of the major challenges in fundamental biological research. With the advent of the genomic era it has become possible to study the genetic underpinnings of reproductive isolation (RI). Hybrid zones are ideal systems to unveil the barriers that keep gene pools from merging. The European crow hybrid zone is an often cited textbook example of hybridization between Carrion Crows (Corvus [corone] corone) and Hooded Crows (Corvus [corone] cornix). In a narrow zone that stretches across Europe, they produce viable hybrids that backcross into the parental populations. Morphological, ecological and behavioural evidence suggest almost complete RI. This is traditionally interpreted in terms of allopatric speciation leading to genome wide incompatibilities upon secondary contact. Contrary to the pronounced RI, genetic evidence reveals unexpectedly low levels of differentiation between the two taxa. Using a large-scale genetic marker approach, the scenario of allopatric divergence will be revisited in an attempt to explore the presence of 'speciation islands' in a non-model species. Studying genomic signatures of introgression and selection in several replicate transects will allow to gain insight into the evolutionary processes and genetic underpinnings of RI.

Max-Planck-Institut für Evolutionsbiologie, Plön
Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
Dr. Jochen Brock Wacain Wolf

Uppsala University
Dept. of Evolutionary Biology
Professor Hans Ellegren
SCHWEDEN

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Professor Martin Wikelski
USA

Ansprechpartner:
Max-Planck-Institut für Evolutionsbiologie, Plön
Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
Dr. Jochen Brock Wacain Wolf
August-Thienemannstraße 2
24306 Plön
Tel.: 04522 763283

* * * *

Postdoktorandenstipendium "Quantitative genetic analysis of selection trade-offs in natural populations"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Evolutionary theory predicts the depletion of genetic variation by selection. One of the most puzzling paradoxes in evolutionary theory is the fact that genetic variation is still abundant across numerous traits under selection. Heritable genetic variation for fitness in the wild suggests the existence of limits to the evolution of a single genetic optimum for a species, resulting in antagonistic selection pressures in different spatial or temporal environments, or on different phenotypes. Understanding such selection trade-offs is an important step towards refining the widely applied concept "good genes": the adaptive value of specific genotypes may vary considerably among phenotypes and environments. Little is known about natural selection trade-offs because relevant phenotypes and enviroments are mainly encountered in natural populations and studies in the wild rarely provide the required data structure to investigate genetic variances. Here, data resources from long-term field studies will be used and quantitative genetic analyses will be applied on suitable measures of individual fitness and on other key traits under selection to detect selection trade-offs. New insights on selection trade-offs in natural populations will help refining and probably reformulating the concept of genetic adaptation.

Universität München
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsökologie
Dr. Katharina Foerster
Großhadener Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried

Universität München
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsökologie
Professor Dr. Wilfried Gabriel
Großhadener Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried
Tel.: 089 218074203
Fax: 089 218074204

* * * *

Postdoktorandenstipendium "A developmentally focused comparative investigation of patterns and processes in mammalian brain evolution"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The impressive sensorimotor and cognitive capacities of the mammalian brain result from extensive evolutionary change of its early development (ontogeny). However, evolutionary influences of intrinsic, life history, and metabolic factors on mammalian brain ontogeny have rarely been quantified; most hypotheses regarding these issues are based on few comparative data. This project combines existing neontological and palaeontological data with the first comprehensive dataset on the early development of mammalian brain size, brain proportions,and cranial vault bones. Data will be collected from a range of developmental stages in representatives of all mammalian superorders, which is made possible through employment of a diverse array of methods (CT- and MRI-scans, reflex microscopy, and serial sections). This will allow quantitative investigation of key questions regarding 1) the constraints of metabolism/life history parameters on brain size development, 2) the influence of intrinsic developmental constraints vs. selection pressure on brain proportions, and 3) the influence of evolutionary brain size increase on cranial vault bone ontogeny.

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Vera Weisbecker

University of Cambridge
Dept. of Earth Sciences
Dr. Anjali Goswami
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Prof. Dr. Lennart Olsson

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Vera Weisbecker
Ebertstraße 1
07743 Jena

* * * *

Postdoktorandenstipendium "Genome Evolution of Wolbachia: Modelling and Data Analysis of Symbiosis and Speciation"

Bewilligung:  14.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Das Vorhaben wurde am 11.01.2011 von Münster nach Braunschweig umgesetzt.

Among the most interesting questions in biology is to understand parasitism and symbiosis, and its role in adaptation and speciation. So far, most insights were gained on experimental evidence or mathematical modelling, which, however, do not always match. Due to the ever increasing amount of large-scale data from genomics, proteomics and other techniques it becomes possible to test hypothesis about adaptation, speciation, and symbiosis. In this project standard mathematical methods will be combined with modern bioinformatics to get a better understanding on evolutionary processes. The main theme of the proposal is the role of Wolbachia in eukaryotic evolution. Three main strands of Wolbachia research will be followed: (1) Wolbachia and Mitochondria, (2) Gene Flow Modification and (3) Genome evolution in the parasitic wasp Nasonia.

Helmholtz-Zentrum für
Infektionsforschung GmbH, Braunschweig
Dr. Arndt Telschow
Inhoffenstr. 4
38144 Braunschweig
Tel.: 0531 61815402

Universität Münster
Biology
Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity
Prof. Dr. Erich Bornberg-Bauer
Hüfferstrasse 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 83 21630
Homepage: http://ieb.uni-muenster.de/bioinf

* * * *

Postdoktorandenstipendium "Insect evolutionary immunology: the role of the Dscam gene in host-parasite coevolution"

Bewilligung: 14.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Parasites are predicted to evolve rapidly and thus provide us with an excellent opportunity for studying fast evolutionary processes. Host defence against parasites relies on the immune system, and research has increasingly made use of insect model species for analysing immune functions. To understand how the insect immune system combats parasites it is necessary to have insight into both immunological mechanisms, and importantly, into how the evolutionary pressures of abundant and rapidly evolving parasites have shaped immune defence. Key to this understanding is knowledge about how the immune system recognises parasite antigen diversity: Downs syndrome cell adhesion molecule (Dscam) is a prime candidate for recognition of specific antigens. This project interweaves evolutionary thinking and methodologies with molecular techniques and immune-ecology to illuminate the role of Dscam in insect immunity. First by testing whether parts of the Dscam gene show signs of positive selection in support of a role for Dscam in parasite epitope recognition. Second by using Drosophila melanogaster to combine these results with experimental immune-ecology: examining in detail the level of specificity Dscam may show towards parasites, and whether it could play a role in specific immune priming.

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Dr. Sophie Armitage
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Prof. Dr. Joachim Kurtz
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 8324661
Fax: 0251 8324668
Homepage: www.uni-muenster.de/Evolution/

* * * *

Ausbildungskonzept "Evolution across Scales"

Bewilligung: 11.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

The overall goal of this concept is to enhance evolutionary teaching in biosciences as well as in other natural sciences that study the role and impact of organisms, including geosciences and theoretical physics. Two central research fields,both of which have a strong scientific basis in Potsdam will be integrated which are: (a) genomics, metabolomics, and supporting bioinformatics that allow the genome-wide analysis of molecular events in model organisms, and (b) geosciences and climate impact research, which provide superior opportunity to study the interaction between the biosphere and the geosphere. Integration of these sciences into a stringent Evolutionary Biology programme will be achieved through complementary measures, like the integration of relevant theoretical, genomic and geoscientific knowledge into already existing curricula of biosciences and the development of an intensive training program devoted to a selected Core Group of particularly motivated students. In addition, State-of-the-Art Evolutionary Biology modules will be exported to other natural sciences, in particular Geosciences, Physics, and Bioinformatics. More generally, further interdisciplinary research on evolution among biologists, geoscientists, and physicists will be stimulated through joint teaching activities.

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann

Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare
Pflanzenphysiologie, Potsdam-Golm
Developmental Physiology and Genomics
Prof. Dr. Thomas Altmann

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Simone Sommer

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Physik
Prof. Dr. Siegfried Franck

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Florian Jeltsch

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Dr. Stefanie Hartmann

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Haus 25, Raum D 2.17
Prof. Dr. Maria Mutti

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Bernd Müller-Röber

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Joachim Selbig

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Haus 27, Raum 1.32
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Martin Trauth

Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung, Golm
Dr. Angelo Valleriani

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Haus 26
Dr. Oliver Ebenhöh

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24 - 25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775249
Fax: 0331 9775070

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Ausbildungskonzept "Tübingen in Evolution, Evolution in Tübingen"

Bewilligung: 11.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The goal of this innovative training programme is two-pronged. First, it aims at achieving a better understanding of evolutionary biology by the general public by aiming at improved school education, better education of teachers and a permanent,public lecture series. Second, it promotes aimed at students from other fields, (3) organising high-level seminars by international speakers that bridge gaps between disciplines, and (4) offering financial encouragement for student projects that involve interdisciplinary cooperation on evolutionary topics. This project will be carried out by the Evolution and Ecology Forum Tübingen(EvE) in which 17 professors from 5 faculties and institutions are united. The two speakers for EvE are Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels (Faculty of Biology) and Prof. Dr. Michal Kucera (Faculty of Geosciences).

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsökologie der Tiere
Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels
Auf der Morgenstelle 28
72076 Tübingen
Tel.: 07071 29 74649
Fax: 07071 29 5634
Homepage: www.uni-tuebingen.de/evoeco

Universität Tübingen
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Professor Dr. Michal Kucera
Sigwartstraße 10
72076 Tübingen
Tel.: 07071 29 74674
Fax: 07071 29 5727

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Workshop "Evolution across scales: Integrating Evolutionary Biology, Genomics and Geosciences"

26.05.2008 - 28.05.2008 in Potsdam

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24 - 25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775249
Fax: 0331 9775070

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Dipl. Biol. Laura Epp
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24-25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775250
Fax: 0331 9775070

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Doktorandenstipendium "Identification of early speciation genes in the invading parasite Anguillicola crassus"

Bewilligung: 22.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

A major reason for the high biodiversity of parasites is considered to be adaptive speciation after host-switching. Central to such a speciation process are genes which show differing fitnesses in the old and new hosts. Individual genomic regions, even without complete isolation of the diverging populations, cannot be freely exchanged when such genes are present. The swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus, which originally parasitized the Asian eel Anguilla japonica, was first reported from Europe in the early 1980s where it showed increased pathogenicity in its new European host Anguilla anguilla. Since then, significant changes in morphology and pathogenicity have occurred in this nematode. An expressed sequence tag (EST) approach is planned to be used for identifying genes differentially expressed in the two populations, based on the hypothesis that this class of genes may underpin the fitness differences observed. This is made possible by the striking recent advances in DNA-sequencing methods which can now be used to investigate the process of evolution over very short time periods.

Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. für Ökologie und Parasitologie
Emanuel Heitlinger

Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. Ökologie - Parasitologie
Prof. Dr. Horst Taraschewski

University of Edinburgh
School of Biological Sciences
Institute of Evolutionary Biology
Ashworth Laboratories
King's Building
Professor Mark Blaxter
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Zoologisches Institut I
Abt. für Ökologie und Parasitologie
Emanuel Heitlinger
Kornblumenstraße 13
76131 Karlsruhe
Tel.: 0721 608-3105
Fax: 0721 608-7655

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Doktorandenstipendium "Seed evolution and environmental adaptation - A comparative study of dormancy and endosperm weakening within the monophyletic clade Lepidium (Brassicaceae)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

Plant evolution and adaptation to the environment (climate, habitat) strongly relies on seed germination timing. The seed covering layers (endosperm and testa) are major determinants that delay or promote germination, e.g. by endosperm weakening. The endosperm in mature seeds thereby provides a new trait for studying tissue-gene-environment interactions. Arabidopsis seeds are too tiny for this type of study, but the bigger seeds of the closely related genus Lepidium (cress) provide an excellent model system for studying endosperm weakening and (coat) dormancy at the molecular and tissue-specific level. The genus Lepidium is one of the most important monophyletic clades of the Brassicaceae family, spread over four continents, present in a broad range of environmental conditions, and with seeds of distinct dormancy status. These advantages shall be exploited by comparing phylogenetically defined Lepidium species from different environments concerning seed (endosperm) structure, dormancy and defined endosperm weakening genes. This will provide novel insight into the role of endosperm weakening and coat dormancy in climatic adaptation during seed evolution. This work will further aim on studying chromosome rearrangements during Lepidium speciation and polyploidization by cytogenetics.

Universität Freiburg
Institut für Biologie II
Fabian Corlier
Schänzlestraße 1
79104 Freiburg

Universität Freiburg
Institut für Biologie II
Botanik/Pflanzenphysiologie
Privatdozent Dr. Gerhard Leubner
Schänzlestraße 1
79104 Freiburg i. Br.
Tel.: 0761 203-2936
Fax: 0761 203-2612
Homepage: www.seedbiology.de

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Doktorandenstipendium "Mortality crises and their influence on human life histories - An evolutionary perspective on historical family data from the 18th and 19th century (Krummhörn,Germany)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Life-history theory provides evolutionary explanations for numerous phenomena of human and animal life cycles. To date however, there have not been any studies on the impact of mortality crises on personal life histories in this context. On the basis of historical family data from the Krummhörn population (18 and 19 centuries), this project thesis attempts to investigate the impact of mortality crises on life histories. Of particular interest to this study is the question of whether the effects detected can be explained by life history theory. Two different aspects of mortality crises are to be analysed: 1. Epidemiological crises: What consequences for further survival result from a confrontation with a highly pathogenic environment (smallpox epidemic)? 2. Cases of death in the family: Are there psychological mechanisms (in terms of coping with contingency problems) that affect life-history strategies? Moreover, parental investment, as one example of a strategic trade-off decision, is to be analysed. In times of epidemiological stress or mortality experiences: Do parents favour male or female offspring? Finally, are there trans generational effects on fitness parameters or life-history traits? Is there an epigenetic manifestation of the experience of mortality crises?

Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Charlotte Störmer

Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Prof. Dr. Eckart Voland

University of Sheffield
Dept. of Animal and Plant Sciences
Dr. Virpi Lummaa
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Gießen
Zentrum für Philosophie und
Grundlagen der Wissenschaft
Charlotte Störmer
Otto-Behaghel-Straße 10c
35394 Gießen

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Doktorandenstipendium "Conflict and conflict-resolution in termite societies"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Communities of social insects are the epitome of cooperation and altruism. Individuals forego their own reproduction and often victimize themselves for the good of their colony to increase the reproductive success of their relatives. More recently investigations on social hymenopterans (ants, some bees and wasps) however showed that often conflicts occur between colony members and furthermore that coercion and manipulation are major mechanisms for the suppression of conflicts and the maintenance of cooperation. Many conflicts arise due to the particular sex determination of hymenopterans, the haplodiploidy. The aim of this project is to examine conflicts and mechanisms of conflict resolution in diploid social organisms, with termites serving as a model system. Thus it should be pointed out how widespread conflicts are in diploid organisms, to which most higher organisms, including human beings, belong, and if cooperation is maintained through coercion and manipulation. This might also provide an important contribution to a better understanding of conflicts in human societies.

Universität Osnabrück
Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie
Gebäude 35-39
Katharina Hoffmann
Barbarastraße 11
49069 Osnabrück

Universität Regensburg
Biologie I
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Judith Korb
Universitätsstr. 31
93040 Regensburg
Tel.: 0941 943-2461
Fax: 0941 943-3304

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Doktorandenstipendium "Evolution of codon usage preferences: gentic drift within the own genome"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

This project is intended to study the evolution of codon preferences in horizontally transferred genes, the importance of codon usage as both cause and effect of molecular evolution of coding sequences, and how evolutionary pressures drive new acquired genes towards either optimal adaptation or towards loss. It is a multidisciplmary evolutionary project that combines experimental molecular biology with in silico biomformatics. This project proposes the study of the adaptation of newly transferred genes into foreign recipient genomes, find out whether and how codon usage influences the expression of these transferred genes, paying attention to the relation between genotype and phenotype, and monitor and analyse which are the sequence changes having occurred to the new genes in the new environment due to the amelioration process. The experimental model used in this project will be bacterial transformation with antibiotic resistance genes.

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Dolors Amorós Moya
Hüfferstraße 1
48143 Münster
Tel.: 0176 25802119

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Juniorprofessor Dr. Ignacio González Bravo
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 832-1027
Fax: 0251 832-4668

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Doktorandenstipendium "Tracing evolution: Molecular phylogeny of the Acochlidia (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia)"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The Acochlidia are a poorly known, basal opisthobranch gastropod group of Mesozoic origin. The only 35 acochlidian species reported worldwide show, however, an enormous biological and morphological diversity (e.g. hermaphrodism vs. gonochorism, aphallic vs. highly complex genital structures, marine/interstitial vs. limnic/benthic), and thus, a fascinating evolutionary history. This study plans to investigate the origin, phylogeny and evolution of the Acochlidia as a suitable invertebrate model taxon. Congruent, robust and plausible phylogenetic hypotheses shall be achieved using an "all species approach" on a molecular basis. Analyses of primary sequence data (mitochondrial and nuclear genes) are supported by investigating rare genomic changes (indels and tRNA gene order), as well as by "molecular-morphological" analysis of rRNA secondary structures. In combination with ongoing structural research, "optimal" data conditions shall be obtained for a real taxon, and the accuracy and efficiency of different markers and settings shall be explored exemplarily.

Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Katharina Jörger
Münchhausenstraße 21
81247 München

Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Dr. Michael Schrödl
Münchhausenstraße 21
81247 München
Tel.: 089 8107142

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Doktorandenstipendium "The origin and evolution of the signaling pathway of the plant hormone cytokinin"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Signal transduction systems are crucial for the life of all species from simple bacteria to higher animals and plants. They allow the organism to sense changes in its environment and react to those to ensure its survival. In more developed systems they are also vital to ensure that the developmental programs are established and executed correctly. Therefore it is not surprising that during evolution new signaling pathways have been acquired and existing ones have become more and more complex to fulfill the increasing need for regulation. The aim of the project is to contribute to our understanding of the molecular mechanism that underlie those evolutionary processes. As a model system the signaling system of the phytohormone cytokinin was chosen, as it is based on the two- component signaling system of bacteria and is well characterized and understood in higher plants. However, little is known about its evolution and virtually nothing about its origin. In the course of the proposed project two questions, where the basis of this signaling pathway is found and how it developed in the highly redundant pathway of higher plants, will be addressed.

Freie Universität Berlin
Institut für Biologie/Angewandte Genetik
Nijuscha Gruhn
Albert-Thaer-Weg 6
14195 Berlin

Freie Universität Berlin
Institut für Biologie/Angewandte Genetik
Dr. Alexander Heyl
Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 6
14195 Berlin
Tel.: 030 83-856550
Fax: 030 83-854345

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Doktorandenstipendium "Evolutionary characterization of antimicrobial peptides in the skin secretions of anuran amphibians"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Among tetrapods, amphibians are distinguished in part by their highly specialized and glandular skin. Whereas the moist permeable nature of#Z#
the skin enables key physiological functions such as cutaneous respiration, it simultaneously represents a prime route for infection. To counteract this, amphibians have developed an elaborate system of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) expressed in the skin glands. Although it is widely held that frogs (Anura) possess a common AMP system that is reasonably conserved, this view is influenced by the fact that the majority of data are stemming from Neobatrachia ("higher frogs"), where the degree of conservation is indeed high. Own preliminary investigations of available AMP cDNA data revealed the existence of two additional motifs in the two non-neobatrachian lineages ("Archeobatrachia" or "archaic frogs") sampled thus far. An open question, therefore, is whether these three highly distinct AMP systems within anurans have arisen independently or via punctuated evolution. The project aims to answer this question by characterizing the AMP system for the remaining major "archaeobatrachian" lineages to reconstruct the evolutionary history of this complex and vital defense system across anurans.

Universität Oldenburg
Institut für Biologie und Umweltwissenschaften
Enrico König
Ammerländer Heerstraße 114-118
26129 Oldenburg

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Dr. Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds
Erbertstraße 1
07743 Jena
Tel.: 03641 949-174
Fax: 03641 949-161

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Doktorandenstipendium "Geographic variation in genetic, morphological and behavioural traits in Granular Poison Frogs, Dendrobates granuliferus"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

This study aims to analyse genetic, morphological and behavioural geographic variation in the granular poison frog, Dendrobates granuliferus, in Pacific Costa Rica and Western Panama. The main purpose is to discover the reasons for colour polymorphism, common in Dendrobatidae, and how it is related to other phenotypic traits, genetic variation and differences in habitat structure. This species presents two main colour morphs, one with mainly red and larger individuals in the South, and a second one with mainly green and smaller frogs toward the North. Moreover, there are populations showing an intermediate bronze colour in a contact zone. Presumably the red populations are aposematic and the green populations are cryptic. Predation and mate choice experiments will be carried out to study the possible causes. Finally, population and genetic differentiation between colour morphs and the possible link between neutral markers and colour genes under selection will be investigated. This species is an optimal model to explore these puzzling topics since, in contrast to other dendrobatid species, the number of colour morphs is small.

Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule
Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Oscar Brusa

Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule
Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Professor Dr. Heike Pröhl

University of Cambridge
Dept. of Zoology
Dr. Nick Mundy
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Ansprechpartner:
Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
Institut für Zoologie
Oscar Brusa
Bünteweg 17
30559 Hannover

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "The effects of sex on the coevolution and dynamics of a predator-prey system"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The evolution of sex is an important but still poorly understood topic in evolutionary biology and ecology even though we know that there are significant consequences for populations and communities. One of the main ideas for the evolution of sex is that sex is advantageous because it allows a population to co-evolve with another species (Red Queen Hypothesis). The present study will use an experimental system to investigate consequences of sex on the coevolution of predator and prey and on population dynamics. In particular, the predictions will be tested that short-term effects of sex are negative while on a long time scale the effect on fitness is positive for the population (here the predator). Furthermore, it will be analyzed how the number of episodes of sexual reproductions alters the short and long-term effects, and if sex is beneficial for the predator if the prey does not evolve. Observations over many generations will also reveal effects of sexual evolution on population dynamics.

Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Dr. Lutz Becks

University of Toronto
Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Professor Dr. Aneil Agrawal
KANADA

Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Prof. Dr. Hartmut Arndt

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Köln
Zoologisches Institut
Dr. Lutz Becks
Weyertal 119
83517 Köln

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Doktorandenstipendium "Adaptive radiation in an extreme environment - genetic population structure in antarctic notothenioids"

Bewilligung: 21.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Genetic diversity, population structure and phylogeography of four species of Antarctic fish (Notothenioidei, Teleostei) across the Scotia Ridge shall be determined by investigating mitochondrial control region sequences, microsatellite markers, and sequences of the nuclear hemoglobine and antifreeze glycoprotein genes. The Antarctic Region fulfils most of the essential parameters of lakes containing radiations of fish and is therefore equivalent to a closed basin, providing a comparable opportunity for studying adaptive radiation within a confined area. Population genetic data are available for only a limited number of Antarctic fish species. Whether there is substantial genetic structure or not is of particular importance not only for the management of Antarctic fisheries but also for a general understanding of evolutionary pathways like the influence of geography, hydrography and reproduction mode on dispersal and speciation in the Antarctic environment.

Universität Basel
Zoologisches Institut
Michael Matschiner
SCHWEIZ

Universität Basel
Evolutionsbiologie
Zoologisches Institut
Professor Dr. Walter Salzburger
SCHWEIZ

Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften an der Universität Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR)
Marine Ökologie
Prof. Dr. Reinhold Hanel

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Basel
Zoologisches Institut
Michael Matschiner
Vesalgasse 1
4056 Basel
SCHWEIZ

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "Shades of black and grey. The genetic architecture of the European Crow hybrid zone"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The study of speciation mechanisms remains one of the major challenges in fundamental biological research. With the advent of the genomic era it has become possible to study the genetic underpinnings of reproductive isolation (RI). Hybrid zones are ideal systems to unveil the barriers that keep gene pools from merging. The European crow hybrid zone is an often cited textbook example of hybridization between Carrion Crows (Corvus [corone] corone) and Hooded Crows (Corvus [corone] cornix). In a narrow zone that stretches across Europe, they produce viable hybrids that backcross into the parental populations. Morphological, ecological and behavioural evidence suggest almost complete RI. This is traditionally interpreted in terms of allopatric speciation leading to genome wide incompatibilities upon secondary contact. Contrary to the pronounced RI, genetic evidence reveals unexpectedly low levels of differentiation between the two taxa. Using a large-scale genetic marker approach, the scenario of allopatric divergence will be revisited in an attempt to explore the presence of 'speciation islands' in a non-model species. Studying genomic signatures of introgression and selection in several replicate transects will allow to gain insight into the evolutionary processes and genetic underpinnings of RI.

Max-Planck-Institut für Evolutionsbiologie, Plön
Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
Dr. Jochen Brock Wacain Wolf

Uppsala University
Dept. of Evolutionary Biology
Professor Hans Ellegren
SCHWEDEN

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Professor Martin Wikelski
USA

Ansprechpartner:
Max-Planck-Institut für Evolutionsbiologie, Plön
Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
Dr. Jochen Brock Wacain Wolf
August-Thienemannstraße 2
24306 Plön
Tel.: 04522 763283

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "Quantitative genetic analysis of selection trade-offs in natural populations"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Evolutionary theory predicts the depletion of genetic variation by selection. One of the most puzzling paradoxes in evolutionary theory is the fact that genetic variation is still abundant across numerous traits under selection. Heritable genetic variation for fitness in the wild suggests the existence of limits to the evolution of a single genetic optimum for a species, resulting in antagonistic selection pressures in different spatial or temporal environments, or on different phenotypes. Understanding such selection trade-offs is an important step towards refining the widely applied concept "good genes": the adaptive value of specific genotypes may vary considerably among phenotypes and environments. Little is known about natural selection trade-offs because relevant phenotypes and enviroments are mainly encountered in natural populations and studies in the wild rarely provide the required data structure to investigate genetic variances. Here, data resources from long-term field studies will be used and quantitative genetic analyses will be applied on suitable measures of individual fitness and on other key traits under selection to detect selection trade-offs. New insights on selection trade-offs in natural populations will help refining and probably reformulating the concept of genetic adaptation.

Universität München
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsökologie
Dr. Katharina Foerster
Großhadener Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried

Universität München
Dept. Biologie II
Evolutionsökologie
Professor Dr. Wilfried Gabriel
Großhadener Straße 2
82152 Planegg-Martinsried
Tel.: 089 218074203
Fax: 089 218074204

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "A developmentally focused comparative investigation of patterns and processes in mammalian brain evolution"

Bewilligung: 15.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The impressive sensorimotor and cognitive capacities of the mammalian brain result from extensive evolutionary change of its early development (ontogeny). However, evolutionary influences of intrinsic, life history, and metabolic factors on mammalian brain ontogeny have rarely been quantified; most hypotheses regarding these issues are based on few comparative data. This project combines existing neontological and palaeontological data with the first comprehensive dataset on the early development of mammalian brain size, brain proportions,and cranial vault bones. Data will be collected from a range of developmental stages in representatives of all mammalian superorders, which is made possible through employment of a diverse array of methods (CT- and MRI-scans, reflex microscopy, and serial sections). This will allow quantitative investigation of key questions regarding 1) the constraints of metabolism/life history parameters on brain size development, 2) the influence of intrinsic developmental constraints vs. selection pressure on brain proportions, and 3) the influence of evolutionary brain size increase on cranial vault bone ontogeny.

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Vera Weisbecker

University of Cambridge
Dept. of Earth Sciences
Dr. Anjali Goswami
GROSSBRITANNIEN

Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Prof. Dr. Lennart Olsson

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Jena
Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum
Vera Weisbecker
Ebertstraße 1
07743 Jena

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "Genome Evolution of Wolbachia: Modelling and Data Analysis of Symbiosis and Speciation"

Bewilligung:  14.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Das Vorhaben wurde am 11.01.2011 von Münster nach Braunschweig umgesetzt.

Among the most interesting questions in biology is to understand parasitism and symbiosis, and its role in adaptation and speciation. So far, most insights were gained on experimental evidence or mathematical modelling, which, however, do not always match. Due to the ever increasing amount of large-scale data from genomics, proteomics and other techniques it becomes possible to test hypothesis about adaptation, speciation, and symbiosis. In this project standard mathematical methods will be combined with modern bioinformatics to get a better understanding on evolutionary processes. The main theme of the proposal is the role of Wolbachia in eukaryotic evolution. Three main strands of Wolbachia research will be followed: (1) Wolbachia and Mitochondria, (2) Gene Flow Modification and (3) Genome evolution in the parasitic wasp Nasonia.

Helmholtz-Zentrum für
Infektionsforschung GmbH, Braunschweig
Dr. Arndt Telschow
Inhoffenstr. 4
38144 Braunschweig
Tel.: 0531 61815402

Universität Münster
Biology
Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity
Prof. Dr. Erich Bornberg-Bauer
Hüfferstrasse 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 83 21630
Homepage: http://ieb.uni-muenster.de/bioinf

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Postdoktorandenstipendium "Insect evolutionary immunology: the role of the Dscam gene in host-parasite coevolution"

Bewilligung: 14.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Parasites are predicted to evolve rapidly and thus provide us with an excellent opportunity for studying fast evolutionary processes. Host defence against parasites relies on the immune system, and research has increasingly made use of insect model species for analysing immune functions. To understand how the insect immune system combats parasites it is necessary to have insight into both immunological mechanisms, and importantly, into how the evolutionary pressures of abundant and rapidly evolving parasites have shaped immune defence. Key to this understanding is knowledge about how the immune system recognises parasite antigen diversity: Downs syndrome cell adhesion molecule (Dscam) is a prime candidate for recognition of specific antigens. This project interweaves evolutionary thinking and methodologies with molecular techniques and immune-ecology to illuminate the role of Dscam in insect immunity. First by testing whether parts of the Dscam gene show signs of positive selection in support of a role for Dscam in parasite epitope recognition. Second by using Drosophila melanogaster to combine these results with experimental immune-ecology: examining in detail the level of specificity Dscam may show towards parasites, and whether it could play a role in specific immune priming.

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Dr. Sophie Armitage
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster

Universität Münster
Institut für Evolution und Biodiversität
Prof. Dr. Joachim Kurtz
Hüfferstraße 1
48149 Münster
Tel.: 0251 8324661
Fax: 0251 8324668
Homepage: www.uni-muenster.de/Evolution/

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Ausbildungskonzept "Evolution across Scales"

Bewilligung: 11.04.2008  Laufzeit:  4 Jahre

The overall goal of this concept is to enhance evolutionary teaching in biosciences as well as in other natural sciences that study the role and impact of organisms, including geosciences and theoretical physics. Two central research fields,both of which have a strong scientific basis in Potsdam will be integrated which are: (a) genomics, metabolomics, and supporting bioinformatics that allow the genome-wide analysis of molecular events in model organisms, and (b) geosciences and climate impact research, which provide superior opportunity to study the interaction between the biosphere and the geosphere. Integration of these sciences into a stringent Evolutionary Biology programme will be achieved through complementary measures, like the integration of relevant theoretical, genomic and geoscientific knowledge into already existing curricula of biosciences and the development of an intensive training program devoted to a selected Core Group of particularly motivated students. In addition, State-of-the-Art Evolutionary Biology modules will be exported to other natural sciences, in particular Geosciences, Physics, and Bioinformatics. More generally, further interdisciplinary research on evolution among biologists, geoscientists, and physicists will be stimulated through joint teaching activities.

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann

Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare
Pflanzenphysiologie, Potsdam-Golm
Developmental Physiology and Genomics
Prof. Dr. Thomas Altmann

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Simone Sommer

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Physik
Prof. Dr. Siegfried Franck

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Florian Jeltsch

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Dr. Stefanie Hartmann

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Haus 25, Raum D 2.17
Prof. Dr. Maria Mutti

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Bernd Müller-Röber

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Prof. Dr. Joachim Selbig

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Haus 27, Raum 1.32
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Martin Trauth

Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung, Golm
Dr. Angelo Valleriani

Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Haus 26
Dr. Oliver Ebenhöh

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Potsdam
Institut für Biochemie und Biologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsbiologie/Spezielle Zoologie
Haus 26
Prof. Dr. Ralph Tiedemann
Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24 - 25
14476 Potsdam
Tel.: 0331 9775249
Fax: 0331 9775070

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Ausbildungskonzept "Tübingen in Evolution, Evolution in Tübingen"

Bewilligung: 11.04.2008  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The goal of this innovative training programme is two-pronged. First, it aims at achieving a better understanding of evolutionary biology by the general public by aiming at improved school education, better education of teachers and a permanent,public lecture series. Second, it promotes aimed at students from other fields, (3) organising high-level seminars by international speakers that bridge gaps between disciplines, and (4) offering financial encouragement for student projects that involve interdisciplinary cooperation on evolutionary topics. This project will be carried out by the Evolution and Ecology Forum Tübingen(EvE) in which 17 professors from 5 faculties and institutions are united. The two speakers for EvE are Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels (Faculty of Biology) and Prof. Dr. Michal Kucera (Faculty of Geosciences).

Universität Tübingen
Fakultät für Biologie
Institut für Zoologie
Lehrstuhl für Evolutionsökologie der Tiere
Prof. Dr. Nico K. Michiels
Auf der Morgenstelle 28
72076 Tübingen
Tel.: 07071 29 74649
Fax: 07071 29 5634
Homepage: www.uni-tuebingen.de/evoeco

Universität Tübingen
Institut für Geowissenschaften
Professor Dr. Michal Kucera
Sigwartstraße 10
72076 Tübingen
Tel.: 07071 29 74674
Fax: 07071 29 5727

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