Mediathek

Dual Use Research on Microbes

On December 10 to 12, 2014, a Herrenhausen Symposium was held in Hanover, Germany and discussed the issue of Dual Use Research of Concern (DURC) with microbes. You can find a summary report on our event website as well as audio recordings from selected speakers in our Media-Center and in our YouTube channel.

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Harvey Fineberg from the Institute of Medicine in Washington described in his talk a recent fundamental shift in US policy on dual use research on microbes. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Harvey Fineberg from the Institute of Medicine in Washington described in his talk a recent fundamental shift in US policy on dual use research on microbes. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Peter Palese is Professor of Microbiology and Chair of the Department of Microbiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. He talked about the impact of viral diseases on human health. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Peter Palese is Professor of Microbiology and Chair of the Department of Microbiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. He talked about the impact of viral diseases on human health. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Simon Wain-Hobson is Professor at the Institut Pasteur, a member of the EMBO, Academia Europaea and is Director of the French papillomavirus reference laboratory and explained among other things the results of selective screening of ferrets that were deliberately infected with viruses and compares them to the likely evolution by natural selection. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Simon Wain-Hobson is Professor at the Institut Pasteur, a member of the EMBO, Academia Europaea and is Director of the French papillomavirus reference laboratory and explained among other things the results of selective screening of ferrets that were deliberately infected with viruses and compares them to the likely evolution by natural selection. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
At the End of each section there was enough time for lively discussions with the speakers (from left: Adel Mahmoud, Princeton University; Marc Lipsitch, Harvard University; Simon Wain-Hobson, Institut Pasteur). (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
At the End of each section there was enough time for lively discussions with the speakers (from left: Adel Mahmoud, Princeton University; Marc Lipsitch, Harvard University; Simon Wain-Hobson, Institut Pasteur). (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The experts in the audience like science journalist Michael Specter asked many challenging questions. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The experts in the audience like science journalist Michael Specter asked many challenging questions. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The audience consisted of representatives from science, economy, politics, law, and media. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The audience consisted of representatives from science, economy, politics, law, and media. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Lively talks between the participants also took place during the breaks. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Lively talks between the participants also took place during the breaks. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The main focus of Adel A. F. Mahmoud’s talk was out on vaccines, their value, use, and still limited knowledge of the underlying biological processes. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
The main focus of Adel A. F. Mahmoud’s talk was out on vaccines, their value, use, and still limited knowledge of the underlying biological processes. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Paul Huntly is Managing Director of Riskren, specializing in laboratory biorisk management (biosafety/biosecurity), infection control in healthcare, and topics relevant to the Biological Weapons Convention. He spoke about current practices and alternative mechanisms in biosafety and biosecurity and looks at traditional and emerging standards and control philosophies. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Paul Huntly is Managing Director of Riskren, specializing in laboratory biorisk management (biosafety/biosecurity), infection control in healthcare, and topics relevant to the Biological Weapons Convention. He spoke about current practices and alternative mechanisms in biosafety and biosecurity and looks at traditional and emerging standards and control philosophies. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Cornelius Schmaltz provided an overview of the history, policy, legal framework, and institutional aspects of the EU export control policy in his talk and also discussed the particular case of Ron Fouchier’s publication of his H5N1 influenza research to the audience. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Cornelius Schmaltz provided an overview of the history, policy, legal framework, and institutional aspects of the EU export control policy in his talk and also discussed the particular case of Ron Fouchier’s publication of his H5N1 influenza research to the audience. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Véronique Kiermer is Director of Author and Reviewer Services for Nature Publishing Group and talked about controversial papers, e.g. about Mousepox, the synthetic polio virus genome, and Anthrax. She was fielding questions from the audience together with Cornelius Schmaltz from the EU. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Véronique Kiermer is Director of Author and Reviewer Services for Nature Publishing Group and talked about controversial papers, e.g. about Mousepox, the synthetic polio virus genome, and Anthrax. She was fielding questions from the audience together with Cornelius Schmaltz from the EU. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Rüdiger Wolfrum, a professor for law, explained in his talk when the government can impose standards for safe research and restrict the publication of the results of certain research, despite this constitutional guarantee of the freedom of research. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Rüdiger Wolfrum, a professor for law, explained in his talk when the government can impose standards for safe research and restrict the publication of the results of certain research, despite this constitutional guarantee of the freedom of research. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Silja Vöneky is Professor of Public International Law and Ethics of Law at the University of Freiburg, (Co-)Director of the Institute for Public Law and (Co-)Director of the Network for Civil Security Law in Europe (KORSE). She talked about biosecurity in general and the freedom and responsibility of research in particular from her point of view as a legal expert. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Silja Vöneky is Professor of Public International Law and Ethics of Law at the University of Freiburg, (Co-)Director of the Institute for Public Law and (Co-)Director of the Network for Civil Security Law in Europe (KORSE). She talked about biosecurity in general and the freedom and responsibility of research in particular from her point of view as a legal expert. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
André Knottnerus, a Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, spoke about the separate worlds of life sciences and security policy, the impact of 9/11 and the anthrax letters, and an increased awareness as an issue for biomedicine, public health, and academies of science. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
André Knottnerus, a Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, spoke about the separate worlds of life sciences and security policy, the impact of 9/11 and the anthrax letters, and an increased awareness as an issue for biomedicine, public health, and academies of science. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Many of the sessions like "Hard Law, Soft Law, Institutional Responsibility" ended up in controversial debates. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Many of the sessions like "Hard Law, Soft Law, Institutional Responsibility" ended up in controversial debates. (Photo: David Carreno Hansen for Volkswagen Foundation)
Michael Specter writes for the New Yorker about science, technology, genetics and public health. He said that everything has dual use: Planes are amazing inventions for transporting people and things but they can also be used as weapons, as happened on September 11th, 2001. He argued that no one in their right mind would want to stop making planes, just because they can be misused as weapons. All we do and should do is trying to make them safer. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Michael Specter writes for the New Yorker about science, technology, genetics and public health. He said that everything has dual use: Planes are amazing inventions for transporting people and things but they can also be used as weapons, as happened on September 11th, 2001. He argued that no one in their right mind would want to stop making planes, just because they can be misused as weapons. All we do and should do is trying to make them safer. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Volker Stollorz works as science journalist since 1991. He talked about the public expectations of biomedical research on manmade microbes and discussed science as a game changer and a possible solution for associated collective action problems. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Volker Stollorz works as science journalist since 1991. He talked about the public expectations of biomedical research on manmade microbes and discussed science as a game changer and a possible solution for associated collective action problems. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Silke Stertz spoke about cellular proteins that the influenza virus uses to enter host cells and how these cellular factors facilitate viral entry. She held her talk together with Benjamin G. Hale. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Silke Stertz spoke about cellular proteins that the influenza virus uses to enter host cells and how these cellular factors facilitate viral entry. She held her talk together with Benjamin G. Hale. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Benjamin G. Hale pointed out that gain-of-function research encompasses a wide-range of experiments and is not limited to studies on increasing virulence or transmission. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)
Benjamin G. Hale pointed out that gain-of-function research encompasses a wide-range of experiments and is not limited to studies on increasing virulence or transmission. (Photo: Philip Bartz for Volkswagen Foundation)