Knowledge for Tomorrow - Cooperative Research Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa

Bewilligungen / Grants 2012


Konferenz zu "How to put models into practice? African perspectives on technologies of ordering in legal, organisational and medical contexts"

06.02.2013 - 07.02.2013 in Halle/Saale

Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Philosophische Fakultät I
Seminar für Ethnologie
Dr. Andrea Behrends

Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Philosophische Fakultät I
Seminar für Ethnologie
Dr. Katharina Schramm

GEEP
S/c FASTEF ex ENS
Prof. Dr. Babacar Fall
SENEGAL

Kontakt:
Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Philosophische Fakultät I
Seminar für Ethnologie
Dr. Andrea Behrends
Postfach
06099 Halle (Saale)
Tel.: 0345 55 24201
Fax: 0345 55 27326
Homepage: http://www.ethnologie.uni-halle.de/personal/andrea_behrends/

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Abschließende Förderung "The Formation and Transformation of Musical Archives in West African Societies"

Bewilligung:  03.12.2012  Laufzeit:  1 Jahr  6 Monate

The research project which has been funded by the VolkswagenStiftung since 2008 explores the formation and change of musical archives using the example of Nigeria and Ghana. It differentiates between material archives, which refer to collections of instruments, compositions or transcriptions and ideal archives, which contain practical knowledge about cultural and social traditions regarding the crucial importance of music as a part of social memory. The prime interest is in the dialectic relation between ideal and material archives and the organization as well as the maintenance of cultural traditions. In the second project phase the researchers seek to deal with new questions which arose from the case studies in southern Ghana and northern Nigeria. In particular, they aim at concentrating on the growing impact of religion on musical life in both regions as well as on the statistical evaluation of the quantitative data that was generated in the survey study during the first project phase. The project will be completed by an international conference in Cape Coast/Ghana and the publication of a volume. Both will be realized in cooperation with Professor Matthias Krings, Head of the African Music Archives (AMA) at Mainz University.

Universität Hildesheim
Center for World Music
Prof. Dr. Raimund Vogels
Marienburger Platz 22
31141 Hildesheim
Tel.: 05121 883 291
Fax: 05121 883 293
Homepage: http://www.uni-hildesheim.de/index.php?id=3049

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Global Financial Linkages, MFIs' Sustainability and Poverty Reduction (Dr. Esther Ishengoma)

Bewilligung: 31.10.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

This study aims at exploring the types/nature of global financial linkages and assessing their effects on products design/innovation, microfinance institutions' sustainability and poverty reduction as well as at analyzing the nature of internal and public governance structures, their interactions and examining their roles in enhancing linkages between microfinance institutions and global investors, microfinance institutions' sustainability and poverty reduction.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Campus Westend
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

University of Dar es Salaam
Esther K. Ishengoma
TANSANIA

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Campus Westend
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main

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Cooperative Workshop on Supporting PhD Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

26.08.2012 - 08.09.2012 in Arusha, Tanzania

Technische Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
International Spatial Planning Institute
Prof. Dr. Einhard Schmidt-Kallert

Technische Universität Dortmund
International Spatial Planning Centre
Dr. Karin Gaesing

Technische Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
Fachgebiet Geographische Grundlagen
und Raumplanung in Entwicklungsländern
Prof. em. Dr. Volker Kreibich

Ardhi University, Dar es Salaam
Faculty of Planning and Architecture
Prof. Dr. Wilbard Kombe
TANSANIA

Ardhi University, Dar es Salaam
Dr. Ally Hassan Namangaya
TANSANIA

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and
Technology, Kumasi
College of Architecture and Planning
Dr. Imoro Braimah
GHANA

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and
Technology, Kumasi
Vice Chancellor
Prof. Dr. Kwasi K. Adarkwa
GHANA

Technische Universität Dortmund
Dr.-Ing. Genet Alem Gebregiorgis

Kontakt:
Technische Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
International Spatial Planning Institute
Prof. Dr. Einhard Schmidt-Kallert
Postfach
44221 Dortmund
Tel.: 0231 755 3267
Fax: 0231 755 6468
Homepage: http://www.spring-master.net

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Morbidity and mortality burden of neonatal bacterial meningitis and sepsis in a rural Manhiça, southern of Mozambique (Travel Grant: Dr. Betuel Sigaúque)

Bewilligung: 09.05.2012  Laufzeit:  1 Jahr

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

Manhiça Health Research Centre CISM, Maputo
Dr. Betuel Sigaúque
Rua 12, Cambeve, Vila de Manhiça
Maputo
MOSAMBIK

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Analysis of genetic polymorphisms of cytokines, vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and VEGF receptors in disease manifestations in lymphatic filariasis (Senior Fellowship: Dr. Alexander Debrah)

Bewilligung: 18.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) affects 120 million people in the tropics while 1.2 billion are at risk. The majority of infected individuals have no or transient pathology while others suffer more severe pathologies including lymphedema of the limbs or hydrocele. It is now known that more people in endemic areas infected with adult worms do not have microfilariae (Mf) in the blood. In these amicrofilaremic worm carriers, immunological mechanisms are believed to be involved in the suppression of the Mf. To develop LF pathology associated SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) as biomarkers for indentifying persons at greater risk of pathology, the following three objectives are proposed for the study: 1) Genotyping of more SNPs associated with latency/patency, 2) Functional characterization of SNPs associated with LF disease, 3) Elucidation of biomarkers focusing on angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. It is expected that by the end of the project, more biomarkers will be identified, some of which can be used for diagnosis of pathology patients.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and
Technology, Kumasi
Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
Dr. Alexander Yaw Debrah
University Post Office
Kumasi
GHANA
Tel.: +233 51 60351
Fax: +233 51 62017

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Geographical Information System, Bayesian Geostatistics and Co-spatial Distribution of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis in Nigeria (Senior Fellowship: Dr. Uwemedimo Ekpo)

Bewilligung: 18.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Nigeria has the highest African burden of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiasis (STH). Modelling studies on the geospatial distribution of schistosomiasis, STH and other neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are becoming increasingly useful, with global risk mapping databases for intervention and control. The proposed project will build on the successes of schistosomiasis database (http://www.gntd.org) to develop a similar database for STH to delineate and predict areas of co-spatial distribution for integrated control. With the increasing international support to control schistosomiasis and STH infections, co-infection risk maps would be invaluable for the country's control programme in the face of limited resources. The project will collate available STH epidemiological data, conduct new surveys, use environmental and socio-economic data and Bayesian geostatistical methods within GIS to assess changes in disease co-distribution over time and space and estimate treatment cost at implementation level. The project will help to accelerate the Nigerian schistosomiasis/STH control programme to bring treatment to population in need.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Department of Biological Sciences
Dr. Uwemedimo Friday Ekpo
Postfach PMB 2240
Abeokuta  110001
NIGERIA
Tel.: +234 802 7555689

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Generating regional rotavirus vaccine strains through reverse genetics to alleviate viral diarrhoea in Africa (extension: Dr. Hester O'Neill)

Bewilligung: 18.04.2012  Laufzeit:  2 Jahre

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences
Dept. of Microbial Biochemical
and Food Biotechnology
Dr. Hester Gertruida O'Neill
Postfach 339
9300 Bloemfontein
SÜDAFRIKA
Tel.: + 27 (0)51 401 212
Fax: +27 (0)86 535 799

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Immune modulation in Schistosoma mansoni infections and effects on immune responses to childhood immunisation (Senior Fellowship: Dr. Robert Tweyongyere)

Bewilligung: 18.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Background: Despite significant efforts towards the mass treatment of schistosomiasis in Uganda, prevalence remains high in fishing communities; particularly in the island communities of Lake Victoria, which are physically difficult to reach and socially marginalised. These communities are also under-served in the provision of childhood immunisations.  Immunisation is a key strategy in the control and prevention of infectious diseases, but the efficacy of some vaccines is lower in tropical countries, and in rural than urban environments. One of several hypotheses that has been advanced, which is the focus of this proposal, is that chronic helminth infection induces type 2 and regulatory immune responses to unrelated antigens which inhibit the type 1 immune responses required for protective immunity to many viral or bacterial pathogens. The proposed project seeks to examine this hypothesis among children likely to be infected with helminths particularly S. mansoni. Objectives: Considering that Schistosoma mansoni infection is associated with induction of strong Th2 and immune modulation profiles that could influence immune responses to non-schistosome antigens, this study aims to explore and elucidate the impact of S. mansoni infection and its treatment on the efficacy of childhood immunization focusing on responses to measles and human papilloma virus (HPV) immunization.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

Medical Research Council, Entebbe
Uganda Research unit on AIDS
c/o Uganda Virus Research Institute
Dr. Robert Tweyongyere
Entebbe
UGANDA
Tel.: +256 712 817220

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Burden of disease of Buruli Ulcer in the Democratic Republic of Congo and management of Large Buruli Ulcers (Junior Fellowship: Dr. Anatole Kibadi Kapay)

Bewilligung: 17.04.2012  Laufzeit:  1 Jahr

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

Institut National de Recherche
Bio-Médicale (INRB), Kinshasa
Dr. Anatole Kibadi Kapay
Avenue de la Democratie
Kinshasa 1
KONGO

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Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of Arbovirus among Mozambican individuals with acute Febrile Syndrom (Junior Fellowship: Eduardo Samo Gudo)

Bewilligung: 17.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Arbovirus represents a group of zoonotic viral diseases that has been neglected for many years, despite the fact that represent an important group of emerging pathogens. These viruses cause fever, headache, rash and in some situations can lead to severe infections such as fulminant meningitis, encephalitis or viral hemorrhagic fever. Arbovirus also pose threat in the management of acute febrile illnesses, particularly for the management of malaria in malaria endemic regions, since a significant percentage of acute febrile cases are caused by pathogens not frequently considered such as arbovirus. Therefore, little is known about burden and epidemiology of arboviral disease in Mozambique. The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of Dengue, Chikungunya and Rift Valey Fever Virus in individuals presenting with acute febrile syndrome. Patients older than 5 years old, attending the selected health centers and presenting with acute febrile syndrome for less than 5 days will be recruited to participate in this study. Paired acute and convalescent sample will be collected from each participant. The study duration will be 2 years. Laboratory diagnosis will performed by serology measurement of specific IgM and IgG and confirmation by Real Time PCR. Genetic sequencing will be used for molecular studies.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

Ministry of Health
National Institute of Health
Dr. Eduardo Samo Gudo
Maputo
MOSAMBIK

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Cost-effectiveness and Sustainability of co-implementation of Community-directed Treatment for Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminth infections in Children and Pregnant Women in Zambia (Junior Fellowship: Dr. Hikabasa Halwindi)

Bewilligung: 17.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Soil-transmitted helminth infections and schistosomiasis prevalences of up to 80% have been reported in Zambia. Deworming programs target all school age children (SAC), under-five children and pregnant women, through health facilities and schools. However, coverage is poor in certain areas of the country. New approaches like the community-directed treatment (CDT) need to be introduced to raise coverage. In Zambia CDT was piloted in 2006 and 2007 in under-five children in two rural communities. There is therefore, need to test the effectiveness and sustainability of different CDT strategies in Zambia on a larger scale. The objective of the study is determine the impact, effectiveness and sustainable of adding CDT to the existing approaches of delivering anthelminthic drugs to under-five children, school age children and pregnant women, singly and combined. A cluster randomization design will be used to test the different combinations of the interventions in two districts of Zambia, and a total of 12 health centres being included in the study. The study will be conducted in two phases, a formative phase and an implementation and evaluation phase. The expected impact of the project is increased access to treatment, reduction in morbidity due to helminthiases; increased use of local resources mobilized by communities and reduced costs for treatment.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

University of Zambia, Lusaka
School of Medicine
Dept. of Community Medicine
Dr. Hikabasa Halwindi
Lusaka
SAMBIA

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Extent of co-existence of Trachoma with Schistosomiasis infections in Chikwawa District, Southern Malawi (Junior Fellowship: Dr. Khumbo Kalua)

Bewilligung: 17.04.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Trachoma and schistosomiasis are common NTDs that are a leading cause of morbidity in Malawi. Currently there is no information regarding co-infections between trachoma and schistosomiasis. Risk factors for t rachoma include dry areas with poor environmental hygiene while risk factors for schistosomiasis include readily availability of water that is not hygienically clean and harbors the schistosomiasis parasite. The applicants hypothesize that in districts where these infections are considered endemic; infections do not overlap in same communities. The study objectives are to compare prevalence rates and determine rates of co-infection in different areas within a district which have associated risk factors for trachoma and schistosomiasis respectively. The study will use mixed quantitative and qualitative methods in collecting clinical and laboratory data at community at different levels in Chikwawa District. Results of this study are likely to have a wider implication and lead to policy change where trachoma and schistosomiasis infections do/do not coexist. Targeted treatment guided by the research findings may potentially lead to cheaper and more cost effectiveness ways of administering drugs for NTDs, and eventually lead to reduced Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) among endemic communities.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut
für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Sektion Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Abteilung für Immunologie
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Fleischer
Postfach 30 41 20
20324 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 401
Fax: 040 42818 400
Homepage: http://www.bni-hamburg.de

University of Malawi, Blanytre
College of Medicine
John Hopkins Project
Dr. Khumbo Kalua
Chipatala Avenue
Blantyre
MALAWI

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Abschließende Förderung "Passages of Culture. Media and Mediations of Culture in African Societies"

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  2 Jahre

Universität Basel
Philosophisch-Historische Fakultät
Ethnologisches Seminar
Prof. Dr. Till Förster
SCHWEIZ

Universität Freiburg
Institut für Völkerkunde
(Instituts-)Direktorin
Prof. Dr. Judith Schlehe

Bayero University, Kano
Faculty of Education
Department of Education
Prof. Dr. Abdalla Uba Adamu
NIGERIA

University of Yaoundé
Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences
Prof. Dr. Bole Butake
KAMERUN

University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
Wits Institute for Social & Economic Research
(WISER)
East Campus
Prof. Dr. Elizabeth Gunner
SÜDAFRIKA

Kontakt:
Universität Basel
Philosophisch-Historische Fakultät
Ethnologisches Seminar
Prof. Dr. Till Förster
Münsterplatz 19
CH-4051 Basel
SCHWEIZ
Tel.: 0041 61 2672740
Fax: 0041 61 2672747
Homepage: http://www.unibas-ethno.ch/redakteure/foerster/detail.php

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Managing Natural Risks and Shocks in Developing Countries. The Role of Informal Response Mechanisms

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

The post doctoral research is a solid attempt to search for scientific solutions to the increasingly observed devastating effects of natural shocks in developing countries. Formulated within the framework of a 3-year post doctoral research, the project will validate the multi-sector framework as relevant for a social science based analysis of risk management in developing countries, where risk markets and state oriented risk management institutions are often missing, or function only partially.The project aims at contributing to an improved understanding of socially embedded informal responses to covariate natural shocks, and their inclusion into broader risk management agendas, specifically in Cameroon and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). SSA is chosen because it is hardest hit by covariate natural shocks in Africa, with catastrophic, long-term negative impacts on the livelihoods (ISDR/The World Bank 2008, Naude 2010). Results will deepen scientific apprehension of the role of social responses to covariate shocks, and support risk management service providers to more effectively manage covariate natural shocks in less costly ways. This project will: 1. Undertake an in-depth review of social and economic literatures on risks and shocks. 2. Empirically analyze the dynamics of informal response mechanisms amongst natural disaster victims in Cameroon. 3. Validate a multi-sector framework for risk analysis in SSA.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

Bamenda University of Science and
Technology, Bamenda
North West Region
Dr. Roland Azibo Balgah
KAMERUN

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

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The measurement, determinants and implications of competition in the African banking sector: A new industrial organization perspective

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

This study is structured along two distinctive African public policy debates related to banking, whereby one problem is further decomposed into two different analyses. To this end, one paper is devoted to each of the three different lines of research. However, what is common to these distinct lines of research is their focus on the effect of competition. Competition is a key driver of social welfare. It pushes down prices and improves services for both businesses and households. Employing the New Empirical Industrial Organisation (NEIO) literature, this study aims at contributing to the literature by measuring and analysing the determinants and implications of competitive conduct in the African banking sector. In the light of this, three distinct research papers will be undertaken: The research paper I is the starting point of this study and it contains the measurement and the analyses of factors that drive African banking sector competition. Paper II will build upon the initial findings of paper I and extends the analysis of competition to bank resources allocation. Paper III will employ a different approach to analysing bank stability by focusing on earning management and a variety of measures of market power. This is a novel approach in this area of research.  

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

University of Ghana, Accra
Business School
Dr. Mohammed Amidu
GHANA

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

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Agrarian Transformation: Revisiting processes of De-peasantisation and Re-peasantisation and Rural Livelihoods after Fast Track Land Reform in Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Debates on agrarianisation and land reform have taken centre stage in recent years in Zimbabwe. This has prompted the need to investigate the (re) peasantisation and depeasantisation thesis in the aftermath of the fast track land reform programme in Zimbabwe. Land is the ultimate natural resource available to humanity and shapes all human endeavour. It represents and promises the fulfilment of two critical human aspirations i.e. the economic and the social/cultural: It is therefore of the utmost economic significance in that it is the
primary source of means of economic production; beyond that, it is the basis for the construction of social/cultural identities of people of Zimbabwe. It is unfortunately also a very finite and therefore scarce resource; which is then the subject of intense and spirited competition amongst humanity. The study aims at examining concretely on the basis of detailed empirical studies in the South Eastern Lowveld of Zimbabwe how the new farmers have settled on their land a
decade after the land reform, the agrarian and non agrarian activities that are happening on the acquired land. These are issues which have not been thoroughly documented in the literature on fast track land reform in Zimbabwe. It is imperative to find out whether there is repeasantisation or depeasantisation processes going on in the land as the farmers have settled. The postdoctoral research focuses on the processes of social, political, and economic factors that have led to reapesantisation or depeasantisation processes in Mwenezi. Focus will
also be on men, women, and children as they form part of the fast track farms constituting the social organization pillars of the new farms. Men, women, and children engage in collective labour provision on the farms.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

Ruzivo Trust, Harare
Dr. Patience Mutopo
SIMBABWE

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

* * * *

Welfare Effect, Design Preference and Enforcement Mechanisms of Common Property Forestry Management: Econometric and Experimental Studies in Ethiopian Villages

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Tropical deforestation, inter alia, spurred by market failure resulting from incomplete property right, is pervasive and has been observed to pose significant welfare loss in many of developing and emerging economies. Theoretical argument is rife that, compared to its rivals, common property right instrument appears superior on efficiency grounds to correct the problem. Partly as the result of this reason and a broader political decentralization spur, recent decades have seen a wave of its widespread adoption in the form of state-community property right arrangement in several developing and emerging economies. However, its effectiveness and the welfare outcomes are sparsely evaluated and the conclusions thus far are anecdotal. These empirical uncertainties motivated the present study to evaluate its welfare effects, design preference and efficacy of
enforcement mechanism. The objectives are:
1. To evaluate the welfare impact of common property right policy
instrument of natural forests management;
2. To identify salient common property right policy attributes that
farmers promote;
3. To experimentally determine enforcement instruments that foster compliance with common property forestry appropriation rules. The contribution of this project is three-pronged; first identification of the true parameter of program's welfare effect. Second, through analysis of design preferences, it offers important policy information concerning which type of common property forestry to implement. Third, result from framed field experiment analysis help policy maker to choose effective enforcement mechanism in implementation of alternative decentralization programs.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

University of Pretoria
Department of Economics
Dr. Dambala Gelo
SÜDAFRIKA

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

* * * *

Mobilizing Social and Medical Resources for Health: Consumer practices in a composite medical care system in Uganda

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

How do health consumers and providers make their way through a fragmented system of medical care? Uganda's formal system involves public institutions, private for profit providers, and non-profit providers. Since the larger health system operates under conditions of extreme scarcity, basic therapeutic resources are scattered across multiple parts of this hybrid system in a way that makes it difficult to achieve the rational organization of care and referral. Both patients and health workers see the need to combine resources in multiple institutional locations: a testing technology here, an operating theater there, a physician with special skills in a third place and (from the patient's point of view) a trusted health worker-intermediary at yet another location. The system as a whole therefore includes, as constitutive elements, sets of practices and resources that are not on the organizational charts of any one health care institution. These practices and resources, while informal, are not unstructured. The purpose of this research project is to explore the role of these practices within a fragmented health system, with an emphasis on the practices of patients and their supporters, and on forms of influence that revolve around what we call social capital.The project will investigate access to health care in formal health units (public, private for profit and private not for profit) and in informal settings (households). It will ask about the different resources for HIV and AIDS care needed by consumers, the practices of how these are mobilized and to which extent they are attained.
Furthermore, the project will establish an account of the practices in use of different resources in the therapeutic management of HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS is selected as a case because it is highly prevalent in Uganda, and since a high level of resources has been provided relative to other diseases. Thus, it will illustrate in an extreme form patterns of resource allocation and patient decision-making.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

Makerere University, Kampala
Department of Social Work
Dr. David Kyaddondo
UGANDA

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

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Value chained? Peasants' autonomy and capture in times of increasing integration global food markets

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

University of Ghana, Accra
Institute of Statistical Social
and Economic Research (ISSER)
Dr. Martha Adimabuno Awo
GHANA

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

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Mobiliziation for political violence: Who join pro-governmental militias and why?

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

With the close of the Cold War, in the framework of what has been referred to as 'new wars', it has been argued that population pressure in the form of large youth cohorts, i.e. "youth bulges", increases a country's likelihood to experience armed conflict, in particular when these youth groups are excluded from political and economic participation. Indeed, the role of youth in violent conflicts has been
in a sharp rise since the early 1990s, either as part of insurgent/rebellion movement, or as part of counterinsurgency/pro-governmental armed groups and militias. These new dynamics of war have led to a research boom and they have been the object of heated debates. What are the similarities and differences
between armed rebellions and pro-governmental armed militias? How does the role of legitimacy influence the trajectory of armed militias?
This research project on pro-governmental armed militias in Côte-d'Ivoire (2002-2011) aims at:
1. Demonstrating that theories on insurrectional rebellions are relevant for counter-insurgent or pro-governmental armed militias;
2. Highlighting the limits of material explanation of the emergence and evolution of armed militias;
3. Showing how reference to international norms and principles influences the legitimacy and trajectory of armed militias on the local level.
4. Showing how war is practiced as an opportunity by excluded youths from political participation to build their political careers or to negotiate better social status.

Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid

Swiss Center of Scientific Research
(CSRS), Abidjan
Dr. Gnangadjomon Koné
ELFENBEINKÜSTE

Kontakt:
Universität Frankfurt am Main
FB 08: Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 33055
Fax: 069 798 33065
Homepage: http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb/fb08/ihe/Mitarbeiter/Professuren/Mamadou_Diawara.html

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Administration und programmbegleitende Maßnahmen für das "Post-doc Fellowship-Program in the Social Sciences in Sub-Saharan Africa"

Bewilligung: 23.03.2012  Laufzeit:  3 Jahre

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Campus Westend
Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Universität Frankfurt am Main
Zentrum für interdisziplinäre
Afrikaforschung (ZIAF)
Dr. Stefan Schmid
Grüneburgplatz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel.: 069 798 32097
Fax: 069 798 32098
Homepage: http://www.ziaf.uni-frankfurt.de/

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