Knowledge for Tomorrow – Cooperative Research Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa

Bewilligungen / Grants 2006

 

The advancement of Malagasy biologists: Capacity building for the next generation of conservation leaders in collaboration with South African scientists

Bewilligung: 19.12.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Given Madagascar's unique biota and the considerable human pressure on
the natural environment, there exists an urgent need to build scientific capacity in conservation biology in the country in order to manage the existing or remaining natural resources. Through the project, four Malagasy PhD students will work jointly with scientists from South Africa and Germany in the domain of animal conservation biology, looking at various aspects of the systematics, geographical and phylogeographic variations, ecology and distribution of bats, turtles and small mammals. Besides field studies, modern GIS and molecular tools will be used in interdisciplinary approaches. The students will be embedded into an international scientific network.

Universität Hamburg
Fachbereich Biologie
Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum
Prof. Dr. Jörg Ganzhorn

World Wide Fund for Nature, Antananarivo
WWF Aires Protégées
Dr. Steven M. Goodman
MADAGASKAR

University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville
School of Biological and Conservation Sciences
Deputy Head Prof. Dr. Jennifer M. Lamb
SÜDAFRIKA

World Wide Fund for Nature, Antananarivo
Dr. Achille Raselimanana
MADAGASKAR

Natural Science Museum, Durban
eThekwini Libraries & Heritage
Curator of Mammals Dr. Peter John Taylor
SÜDAFRIKA

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Hamburg
Fachbereich Biologie
Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum
Prof. Dr. Jörg Ganzhorn
Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3
20146 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42838 4224
Fax: 040 42838 5980

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Modelling of the domestic energy system based on biomass energy in rural areas in southern Africa - BioModels

Bewilligung: 19.12.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Biomass, mostly in form of charcoal, is the predominant source of bioenergy in households with low income of rural areas in southern Africa. Due to rising population growth and persistent poverty pressure on the forest increases. Problem solutions must come from integrated view with participation of all stakeholder groups. In the proposed project substantial information gaps with regard to consumption structures as well as obstacles and use options are investigated. Model-supported analyses under use of an advanced model approach contribute to an improved problem view. Strategies for a sustainable development are pointed out. Apart from externalities and price structures also qualitative socioeconomic factors are incorporated in the analyses. Also an integrated coupling of the energy model with a biomass model takes place using remote sensing to investigate land use pattern and woodland dynamics. The knowledge transfer to the decision-making processes will be achieved by participation models. The research network constitutes of three institutes from South Africa, one from Mozambique and one from Zambia as well as two German institutes with specific knowledge in the areas modelling, bioenergy and socio economics.

Universität Stuttgart
Institut für Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Alfred Voß

University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg
Department of Geography & Environmental Management
Prof. Dr. Harold Annegarn
SÜDAFRIKA

University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Sciences
Centre for African Ecology
Wayne Twine
SÜDAFRIKA

University of Cape Town
Energy Research Center (ERC)
Dr. Mark Howells
SÜDAFRIKA

Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo
Department of Physics
Renewable Energy Sources & Technology Reserach Group
Dr. Rogério José Uthui
MOSAMBIK

University of Zambia, Lusaka
School of Mines
Department of Metallurgy and Mineral Processing
Prof. Dr. Stephen Simukanga
SAMBIA

Institut für Zukunftsstudien und Technologiebewertung IZT, Berlin
Wissenschaftlicher Direktor Prof. Dr. Rolf Kreibich

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Stuttgart
Institut für Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Alfred Voß
Hessbrühlstraße 49a
70565 Stuttgart
Tel.: 0711 685 87800
Fax: 0711 685 87873

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Challenges and opportunities for nutrient efficient agriculture in West African cities

Bewilligung: 15.12.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Urban agriculture (UA) increasingly supplies food and non-food values to the rapidly growing West African cities. However, with its typically heavy use of fertilizers, agrochemicals, municipal wastes and sewage as inputs to the production of crops, vegetables and livestock feeds, UA bears severe risks of environmental pollution and food contamination. This project therefore aims at quantifying nutrient inputs, transfers and potential problems of UA activities in the three West African cities of Sikasso (Mali), Bobo Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) and Kano (Nigeria), which differ in their population density and biophysical conditions. The project couples process-oriented biophysical research and the use of bioeconomic models with a north-south transfer of knowledge in the quantification and modelling of nutrient fluxes and a south-south transfer of expertise on soil and product contamination with faecal pathogens, pesticides and heavy metals. The project thereby aims at (i) minimizing negative side effects of UA on food safety and environmental health and (ii) in cooperation with NGOs and local administrative bodies developing scientifically sound recommendations at the producers' level to enhance the resource use efficiency and productivity of the UA production systems.

Universität Kassel
Fachbereich 11: Ökologische Agrarwissenschaften
Institut für Nutzpflanzenkunde
Fachgebiet Ökologischer Pflanzenbau und Agrarökosystemforschung in den Tropen und Subtropen
Prof. Dr. Andreas Bürkert

Universität Kassel
Fachbereich 11: Ökologische Agrarwissenschaften
Fachgebiet Animal Husbandry in the (Sub-) Tropics
Prof. Dr. Eva Schlecht

Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve
Département des sciences du milieu et de l'aménagement du territoire (Génie Rural)
Prof. Dr. Charles Bielders
BELGIEN

Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve
Département des sciences du milieu et de l'aménagement du territoire (Génie Rural)
Prof. Dr. Marnik Vanclooster
BELGIEN

Wageningen University
Department of Plant Science
Prof. Dr. Herman van Keulen
NIEDERLANDE

International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Nairobi
Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility
Institute of CIAT c/o ICRAF
Dr. André Bationo
KENIA

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Department of Soil Science
Prof. Dr. John Okhienaiye Agbenin
NIGERIA

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (CNRST), Ouagadougou
Institut de l'environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA Kamboinsé)
Dr. Michel Papaoba Sedogo
BURKINA FASO

National Council for Agricultural
Research (CNRA), Bamako
Président
Dr. Adama Traoré
MALI

Deutsches Institut für Tropische und Subtropische Landwirtschaft (DITSL), Witzenhausen
Geschäftsführer
Dr. Christian Hülsebusch

Universität Kassel
Fachbereich 11: Ökologische Agrarwissenschaften
Fachgebiet Argartechnik
Prof. Dr. Oliver Hensel

National Council for Agricultural Research (CNRA), Bamako
Dr. Abdou Berthé
MALI

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Kassel
Fachbereich 11: Ökologische Agrarwissenschaften
Institut für Nutzpflanzenkunde
Fachgebiet Ökologischer Pflanzenbau und Agrarökosystemforschung in den Tropen und Subtropen
Prof. Dr. Andreas Bürkert
Steinstr. 19
37213 Witzenhausen
Tel.: 05542 98 1228
Fax: 05542 98 1230

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Molecular characterisation and estimation of public health relevance of hemorrhagic fever viruses circulating in Ghana and Nigeria

Bewilligung: 15.12.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Lassa virus and other viruses causing hemorrhagic fever (VHF) are prevalent in West Africa and led to outbreaks with considerable morbidity and  mortality in the past. However, up-to-date information on prevalence and geographic distribution of these viruses is largely lacking. Molecular tools to diagnose Lassa fever and other VHF are not established in Nigeria and  Ghana, and national research programmes aiming at identifying and characterising VHF agents, as well as estimating their public health relevance do not exist. Therefore, through the project state-of-the-art technologies for virus detections will be transferred from the German partner institution to their African counterparts. Also, the respective molecular tools will be used to detect and identify Lassa and VHF in Nigeria and Ghana. The information gained through the project will be made available to local and regional public health authorities and the World Health
Organisation.

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Abteilung Virologie
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Stephan Günther

University of Lagos
College of Medicine
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology
Prof. Dr. Sunday Aremu Omilabu
NIGERIA

University of Ghana, Accra
College of Medical Sciences
Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research
Dr. Mubarak Osei-Kwasi
GHANA

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Abteilung Virologie
Dr. Christian Drosten

Ansprechpartner:
Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Tropenmedizin (BNI), Hamburg
Abteilung Virologie
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Stephan Günther
Bernhard-Nocht-Str. 74
20359 Hamburg
Tel.: 040 42818 421
Fax: 040 42818 378

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Agricultural use and vulnerability of small wetlands in East Africa

Bewilligung: 11.12.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Seasonally moist or flooded lowland areas cover an estimated 228 Mio ha in Sub-Saharan Africa and about 12 million ha in Tanzania and Kenya. They fulfil numerous social and agricultural functions, are islands of biodiversity, provide clean water and are possibly important sinks for carbon. Their recent use as agricultural production sites results in user conflicts for land and water and the loss of their ability to fulfil the diverse functions. There is a need to reconcile demands for increasing production with concerns for environmental protection. The aim of the project is therefore to provide a quantitative basis for assessing the current and future potential of wetlands in East Africa and to develop tools to guide decision makers and planners with regards to wetland use.

Universität Bonn
FB Pflanzenernährung in den Tropen und Subtropen
Institut für Nutzpflanzenwissenschaften und Ressourcenschutz INRES
Lehr- und Forschungsbereich Pflanzenernährung
Professor Dr. Mathias Becker

National Museums of Kenya (NMK), Nairobi
Professor Dr. Helida Oyieke
KENIA

University of Dar es Salaam
Department of Geography
Professor Dr. Salome Misana
TANSANIA

Humboldt-Universität Berlin
Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften
Modellierung pflanzlicher Systeme
Prof. Dr. Matthias Langensiepen

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Bonn
FB Pflanzenernährung in den Tropen und Subtropen
Institut für Nutzpflanzenwissenschaften und Ressourcenschutz INRES
Lehr- und Forschungsbereich Pflanzenernährung
Professor Dr. Mathias Becker
Karlrobert-Kreiten-Straße 13
53115 Bonn
Tel.: 0228 73 4001
Fax: 0228 73 2489

* * * *

Sustainable Restitution/Recultivation of Artisanal Tantalum Mining Wasteland in Central Africa - a Pilot Study

Bewilligung: 28.11.2006 Laufzeit: 1 Jahr

Because of high tantalum ("coltan") prices, hundreds of larger, and thousands of small unregulated artisanal mines were worked in recent years or are still in operation in Burundi, Eastern Congo (Kivu), Rwanda and Uganda, in an area that suffered from the genocide in Rwanda and is affected by weak governance. All these operations left the land wasted, chemically and physically hazardous, and unproductive. The natural soil cover has been removed and washed away, barren rock is exposed, and natural water courses are silted up. Landslides and mudflows threaten the valleys. Deleterious (toxic or radioactive) elements leached from the newly exposed rock are a danger for the people, the environment and for water resources. Meanwhile, a somewhat tenuous peace has been reestablished in the region. As socio-environmental studies of tantalum mining have not yet been done, this one-year pilot project is designed to combine Earth, Social and Biological Sciences for a holistic analysis of the state of a sample area at Gatumba in Rwanda that is typical for affected lands. It will build on three main research sectors, leading up to the development of descriptive models: i) a geosphere model of the post-mining areas, ii) a hydrosphere model, and iii) a biosphere model encompassing soil, land-use, socio-economic and ecologic data.

Technische Universität Braunschweig
Institut für Umweltgeologie
Prof. Dr. Walter Pohl

Kigali Institute of Education, Kigali
Prof. Dr. Michael Biryabarema
RUANDA

Makerere University, Kampala
Faculty of Science
Department of Geology
Dr. Andrew Muwanga
UGANDA

National University of Burundi, Bujumbura
Faculty of Sciences
Earth Science Department
Dr. Louis Nahimana
BURUNDI

National University of Rwanda, Butare
Faculty of Agronomy
Dr. Ntirushwa Daniel Rukazambuga
RUANDA

Catholic University Bukavo, Bukavo
Prof. Jean-Baptiste Ntagoma Kushinganine
KONGO

Technische Universität Clausthal
Institut für Mineralogie und Mineralische Rohstoffe
Prof. Dr. Bernd Lehmann

Ansprechpartner:
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Institut für Umweltgeologie
Prof. Dr. Walter Pohl
Postfach 33 29
38023 Braunschweig
Tel.: 0531 39 17244
Fax: 0531 39 18130

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of Amphibians in Madagascar: Integrating Species and Area Priority Assessments with a Standardization of Monitoring Techniques

Bewilligung: 28.11.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

The highly diverse and endemic amphibians and reptiles of Madagascar are suitable indicators to determine conservation priorities within Madagascar and constitute an important economic resource for the country (e.g. pharmacologically or with regard to pet trade). However, many taxa are threatened with extinction because of a small distribution area, habitat destruction, overcollecting, climate change and through fungal disease. It is proposed to conduct research along three different lines and to integrate these to assess conservation priorities and sustainable use concepts: (1) The presence of infectious chytrid fungus in Madagascar and the usceptibility of Malagasy amphibians to this agent tested. (2) Geographic hotspot analyses of genetic and species diversity. (3) The efficiency and repeatability of different field techniques for amphibian monitoring will be comparatively assessed and a standardized protocol for long-term monitoring projects developed.

Technische Universität Braunschweig
Zoologisches Institut
Abt. Evolutionsbiologie
Prof. Dr. Miguel Vences

University of Antananarivo
Science Faculty
Animal Biology Department
Prof. Dr. Noromalala R. Rasoamampionona
MADAGASKAR

University of Antananarivo
Faculty of Sciences
Animal Biology Department
Laboratory of Biology of Parasites Populations
Prof. Dr. Olga R. Ravoahangimalala
MADAGASKAR

North West University, Potchefstroom
School of Environmental Sciences and Development
Zoology
Potchefstroom Campus
Dr. Louis du Preez
SÜDAFRIKA

Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Dr. Frank Rainer Glaw

Ansprechpartner:
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Zoologisches Institut
Abt. Evolutionsbiologie
Prof. Dr. Miguel Vences
Spielmannstraße 8
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: 0531 3913237
Fax: 0531 3918198

* * * *

Local Strategies of Conflict Management in Guinea-Bissau

Bewilligung: 13.07.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre 

Das Forschungsprojekt will in einem interdisziplinären Ansatz lokale
Konfliktlösungsstrategien in Guinea-Bissau und ihre Verschränkungen
mit nationalen und internationalen Rechtssystemen untersuchen. Zudem
sollen die Bedingungen ermittelt werden, unter denen lokale
Konfliktlösungsstrategien in nationale Rechtssysteme integriert werden
könnten. Im Fokus der Untersuchungen steht die Frage, wie
nichtstaatliche Akteure und Ordnungen, die in oder neben dem Staat in
Afrika existieren, mit Gewaltkonflikten umgehen. Ausgangspunkt ist die
Überlegung, dass u. a. die Fähigkeit zur Lösung von Gewaltkonflikten
über die Zukunft politischer Ordnungen entscheidet. Das Projekt will
einen Beitrag leisten zur politischen Theorie des Staates, zur
Rechtssoziologie und Rechtsanthropologie sowie zur Soziologie und
Anthropologie der Gewalt. Anhand der Forschungsergebnisse sollen zudem
Szenarien zum zukünftigen Verhältnis von Staat und nicht-staatlichen
Akteuren in Westafrika entwickelt und an die Politik (Krisenprävention, Peace Building) weitergegeben werden. Weiteres Ziel ist der Aufbau wissenschaftlicher Kooperationen, um Wissenschaftler/innen aus Guinea-Bissau weiter zu qualifizieren und sie in der Subregion sowie international besser zu vernetzen.  

Universität Bayreuth
Fakultät V - Kulturwissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie Afrikas
Professor Dr. Georg Klute 

National Study and Research Institute of Guinea-Bissau, Bissau
General Director
Mamadou Jao
Dr. Birgit Embaló
Dr. A. Idrissa Embaló
GUINEA-BISSAU

Universität Bayreuth
Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Entwicklungssoziologie
Professor Dr. Dieter Neubert 
Dr. Elísio Macamo

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Bayreuth
Fakultät V - Kulturwissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie Afrikas
Professor Dr. Georg Klute
Postfach
95440 Bayreuth
Tel.: 0921 55 4106
Fax: 0921 55 4136
Homepage: http://www.uni-bayreuth.de/departments/ethnologie/

* * * *

Reconciliation and Social Conflict in the Aftermath of large-scale Violence in Southern Africa: The cases of Angola and Namibia

Bewilligung: 13.07.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Die gesellschaftliche Wirklichkeit in Angola wie in Namibia bleibt ungeachtet weitreichender Unterschiede im Konfliktverlauf durch jahrzehntelange Kriegserfahrungen und ihre Folgen bestimmt. Auch Aufbau und Konsolidierung staatlicher Strukturen sind wesentlich durch die unterschiedlich lange zurückliegenden Gewalterfahrungen geprägt. Das interdisziplinäre Forschungsprojekt will in vergleichender Perspektive eine Anzahl zentraler, in sich zusammenhängender Fragen untersuchen, die sich aus dieser Problematik ergeben. Dabei sollen die politischen, sozioökonomischen, kulturellen und vergangenheitspolitischen Dimensionen des Problems der Versöhnung eine zentrale Rolle spielen. Im Zuge der Projektarbeit werden insbesondere Vernetzung und intensiver Austausch zwischen den bisher weitgehend voneinander isolierten und auf die beiden benachbarten Länder bezogenen Wissensgemeinschaften angestrebt.  

Arnold-Bergstraesser-Institut für kulturwissenschaftliche Forschung Freiburg
Professor Dr. Heribert Weiland

University of Namibia, Windhoek
Faculty of Economics and Management Science
Department of Political & Administrative Studies
Professor Dr. André du Pisani
NAMIBIA

University Agostinho Neto, Luanda 
Faculty of Education
Professor Dr. Jean-Michel Mabeko Tali
ANGOLA

University Agostinho Neto, Luanda
Lubango Faculty of Education
Psychology
Professor Dr. Margarida Ventura
ANGOLA

University of Namibia, Windhoek
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Department of Sociology
Dr. Volker Winterfeldt
NAMIBIA

Universidade Católica de Angola, Luanda
Centro de Estudos e Investigação Cientifica
Dr. Nelson Eduardo Guerra Pestana
ANGOLA

Universidade de Lisboa
Instituto de Ciências Sociais
Professor Dr. João Milando
PORTUGAL

University of Namibia, Windhoek
Faculty of Economics and Management Science
Department of Political and Administrative Studies
Professor William A. Lindeke
NAMIBIA

Professor Dr. Gerhard Tötemeyer
Windhoek
NAMIBIA

Centro de Estudos Africanos, Lissabon
Professor Dr. Franz-Wilhelm Heimer
PORTUGAL

Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa (ISCTE), Lissabon 
Centro de Estudos Africanos
Professor Dr. Fernando José Pereira Florêncio
PORTUGAL

Universität Münster
Institut für Soziologie
Professor Dr. Reinhart Kößler

Ansprechpartner:
Arnold-Bergstraesser-Institut für kulturwissenschaftliche Forschung Freiburg
Professor Dr. Heribert Weiland
Windausstraße 16
79110 Freiburg
Tel.: 0761 88878 13
Fax: 0761 88878 78
Homepage: http://www.arnold-bergstraesser.de/

* * * *

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in northern Cameroon: immunological studies of Leishmania and Leishmania/HIV co-infection in the Mokolo endemic focus

Bewilligung: 11.07.2006 Laufzeit: 3 Jahre

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a protozoan parasitic disease with 1-1.5 millions new cases per year worldwide and is widely regarded to be one of the most important opportunistic infections in HIV+ individuals. Recently, studies of CL in murine and other systems have identified several important mechanisms of host immune responses raised against Leishmania major. However, the relevance of these important findings for humans remains to be shown. The project aims at defining aspects of the immune response against L. major in CL patients and in patients co-infected with L. major and HIV, including an evaluation of the prevalence of CL and Leishmania/HIV co-infection in an endemic focus of CL (northern Cameroon), the identification of underlying cellular and humoral mechanisms of susceptibility and resistance in L. major-infected patients and a correlation of the clinical course of CL with the host immune response in affected patients. In addition to the scientific work, the medical personnel will be trained in the diagnosis, management and report of CL cases.

The project could lead to the identification of novel mechanisms of protection against Leishmania and in the long run to the development of improved treatment concepts, the generation of effective vaccine strategies and the design of an effective control program. 

Universität Mainz
FB Medizin
Universitäts-Hautklinik
Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. Esther von Stebut

University of Ngaoundére
Faculty of Natural Sciences
Department of Biological Sciences
Dr. Blaise Dondji
KAMERUN

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie
Prof. Dr. med. Marcus Maurer

Université de Yaoundé I
Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Laboratory of Parasitology
Prof. Dr. Albert-Legrand Same-Ekobo
KAMERUN

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Mainz
FB Medizin
Universitäts-Hautklinik
Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. Esther von Stebut
Langenbeckstr. 1
55101 Mainz
Tel.: 06131 17 5731

* * * *

Travelling Models in Conflict Management. A comparative research and network building project in six African countries (Chad, Ethiopia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Sudan)

Approved: 10.07.2006 Duration: 3 years

The project is based on the observation that conflicts and efforts in conflict management (i.e. processes concerning conflict dynamics, their prevention and resolution) are embedded in localised processes and particular social alliances while simultaneously being informed by translocally circulating ideas and models. In the form of theoretically informed empirical studies in selected regions in West Africa, Northeast Africa and Southern Africa, the project asks if and how translocal organisational, legal and political models influence conflict prevention, dynamics and resolution. It analyses how such models are translated into the particular context, resisted to or balanced/merged with traditional ways of dealing with conflicts. While building up a research network across language divides in Africa, this interdisciplinary project thus aims at understanding the trans/local character of conflict and conflict management in sub-Saharan Africa and, more generally, how globally circulating models and ideas are employed in structuring and giving meaning to them.

Universität Halle-Wittenberg
FB Geschichte, Philosophie und Sozialwissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Professor Dr. Richard Rottenburg
Dr. Thomas Kirsch
Dr. Andrea Behrends
Homepage: http://www.ethnologie.uni-halle.de/forschung/projekte/travellingmodels/

Max-Planck-Institut für ethnologische Forschung, Halle (Saale)
Professor Dr. Günther Schlee
Dr. habil. Jacqueline Knörr

Université de N'Djamena
Professor Dr. Khalil Alio
TSCHAD

University of Stellenbosch
Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology
Matieland
Professor Dr. Kees van der Waal
SÜDAFRIKA

University of Khartoum
Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology
Dr. Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil
SUDAN 

Fourah Bay College
University of Sierra Leone, Freetown
Dr. Joe A. D. Alie
SIERRA LEONE

Fourah Bay College
University of Sierra Leone, Freetown
Dr. Ahmed R. Dumbuya
SIERRA LEONE

Addis Ababa University
Institute of Ethiopian Studies
Dr. Taddesse Berisso
ÄTHIOPIEN

Contact:
Universität Halle-Wittenberg
FB Geschichte, Philosophie und Sozialwissenschaften
Institut für Ethnologie
Prof. Dr. Richard Rottenburg
Dr. Andrea Behrends
Postfach
06099 Halle (Saale)
Tel.: 0345 55 24201
Fax: 0345 55 27326
E-Mail: andrea.behrends(at)ethnologie.uni-halle.de
Homepage: http://www.ethnologie.uni-halle.de/

* * * *

Phase change material to treat Buruli ulcer through heat treatment

Bewilligung: 11.07.2005 Laufzeit: 1 Jahr

Buruli ulcer, caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is a devastating mycobacterial disease, mainly of children under the age of 15 years with the main focus in West Africa. Treatment options for Buruli ulcer available today are unsatisfactory with wide surgical excision and skin grafting as the standard treatment over the past decades. Recurrence rates of surgical treatment are unacceptably high. Antibiotics have been repeatedly evaluated with widely varying results. Recently Rifampicin/Streptomycin are again on trial focusing on their efficacy as primary and as adjunctive treatment combined with surgery. Since M. ulcerans is thermosensitive, prolonged heat application represents an attractive treatment option to destroy the majority of the bacteria. Heat application devices experimentally employed in the 70ies yielded very promising results, but were completely impractical in the field. Phase change materials (PCM) offer the unique perspective to put heat treatment into practice through their thermal energy storing capacity. In this pilot study, a randomized controlled trial of heat treatment (PCM - bandage) vs antibiotic treatment (8 weeks Streptomycin/ Rifampicin [= 8w Sm/Rif]) in patients with M. ulcerans ulcers in Ghana and Cameroon will be performed to test the efficacy of the new heat treatment device.

Universität Heidelberg
Universitätsklinikum
Abteilung für Tropenhygiene und Öffentliches
Gesundheitswesen
Dr. med. Thomas Junghanss

District Health Directorate, Amasaman
Buruli Ulcer Unit
Dr. Ernestina Mensah-Quainoo
GHANA

Aide aux Lepreux Emmaüs - Suisse (ALES), Yaounde
Bureau Regional pour l'Afrique
Dr. Alphonse Um Boock
KAMERUN

Schweizerisches Tropeninstitut, Basel
Molecular Immunology Unit
Prof. Dr. Gerd Pluschke
SCHWEIZ

Bayerisches Zentrum für Angewandte Energieforschung e.V.
Abteilung Würzburg
Abteilung Wärmedämmung und Wärmetransport
AG Solare und Optische Systeme
Gruppenleiter Dr. Helmut Weinläder

University of Ghana, Accra
Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research
Dorothy Yeboah-Manu
GHANA

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Heidelberg
Universitätsklinikum
Abteilung für Tropenhygiene und Öffentliches Gesundheitswesen
Dr. med. Thomas Junghanss
Im Neuenheimer Feld 324
69120 Heidelberg
Tel.: 06221 564904
Fax: 06221 565204

* * * *

Orientierungsworkshop "Resources, Livelihood Management, Reforms, and Processes of Structural Change"

18.09.2006 - 23.09.2006 in Gobabeb/Namibia 

Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
Fachgebiet Raumplanung in Entwicklungsländern GEO/SPRING
Professor Dr. Einhard Schmidt-Kallert

Gobabeb Training & Research Centre
Executive Director
Dr. Joh Henschel

Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
Fachgebiet Geographische Grundlagen und Raumplanung in Entwicklungsländern
Professor em. Dr. Volker Kreibich

Ansprechpartner:
Universität Dortmund
Fakultät Raumplanung
Fachgebiet Raumplanung in Entwicklungsländern GEO/SPRING
Professor Dr. Einhard Schmidt-Kallert
Postfach
44221 Dortmund
Tel.: 0231 755 3267
Fax: 0231 755 4398
Homepage: http://www.raumplanung.uni-dortmund.de/geo/